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What has been the trend in unemployment among married couples in Cyprus in the first quarter of , compared with the same period in ? What has been the trend in unemployment among married couples in Austria in the first quarter of , compared with the same period in ? What has been the trend in unemployment among married couples in Spain in the first quarter of , compared with the same period in ? What has been the trend in unemployment among married couples in Sweden in the first quarter of , compared with the same period in ?

What has been the trend in unemployment among married couples in the United Kingdom in the first quarter of , compared with the same period in ? What has been the trend in unemployment among married couples in the Netherlands in the first quarter of , compared with the same period in ? What has been the trend in unemployment among married couples in Romania in the first quarter of , compared with the same period in ? What has been the trend in unemployment among married couples in Ireland in the first quarter of , compared with the same period in ? What has been the trend in unemployment among married couples in Italy in the first quarter of , compared with the same period in ?

What has been the trend in unemployment among married couples in Poland in the first quarter of , compared with the same period in ? What has been the trend in unemployment among married couples in Slovakia in the first quarter of , compared with the same period in ? What has been the trend in unemployment among married couples in Slovenia in the first quarter of , compared with the same period in ? What has been the trend in unemployment among married couples in Latvia in the first quarter of , compared with the same period in ?

What has been the trend in unemployment among married couples in Lithuania in the first quarter of , compared with the same period in ? What has been the trend in unemployment among married couples in Luxembourg in the first quarter of , compared with the same period in ? What has been the trend in unemployment among married couples in Malta in the first quarter of , compared with the same period in ? Please note that the proportion of married couples among all couples may fluctuate to a significant extent across EU countries. For the calculation of those estimates the unemployment status of other possible members of the household is not considered.

Within the last few years the Commission has instituted infringement proceedings against Spain, Italy, and France, as it considers that quotas for home-grown players, a system used in basketball, impede the free movement of workers born in the EU. Which other Member States have home-grown player or nationality quotas that restrict the free movement of basketball players? The proceedings against Spain, Italy and France were based on individual complaints, which provided information about the respective national rules.

Infringement proceedings on the same issue are also ongoing against Luxembourg, as concerns amateur competitions. National rules with quotas for home-grown players in basketball are all relatively new and are still evolving. El pasado abril fueron ahorcados en Tokio dos hombres: The latest execution of two death row prisoners in Japan is part of a chilling escalation of use of the death penalty under the new Liberal Democrat government, as Amnesty International said at the time. In April , two men were hanged: Both had been convicted of murder for shooting dead rival gang members in a restaurant in the city of Ichihara in The executions are the fourth and fifth to take place in Japan since Prime Minister Shinzo Abe took office in December , with three other men hanged in February In total, Japan has executed 12 people since March ; before then no executions had taken place for 20 months in that country.

Does she believe that failure to respect the rights and systems in place in the EU should condition the outcome of negotiations with non-EU countries? Does she consider what is happening to Iwao Hakamada to be acceptable from a human rights perspective? The EU consistently urges Japan to abolish the death penalty not least in light of the international trend towards abolition. The EU also raises this issue in its regular human rights consultations with Japan.

The EU has moreover supported a number of public events, such as seminars, on the death penalty in Japan, and will continue to do so. The EU is also concerned about the conditions of detention of death row prisoners, and the quality of legal protections for those held in pre-trial custody. AHV-Revision schaffte die Schweiz am 1. AHV-Revision trat am 1. Januar in Kraft, d. Under the revision of the AHV, splitting pensions in this way is now only possible if the partners live in Switzerland. This also applies to the child allowance, which penalises cross-border workers in particular.

At the time, the Commission pointed out that, since the AHV revision had entered into force before the agreement on the free movement of persons between the EU and Switzerland came into operation, the EU had no influence over the former. It should, however, be pointed out that the Commission expressed its intention to pay greater attention in future to the concerns of cross-border workers. MEPs are constantly being contacted by citizens regarding the financial disadvantage experienced by cross-border workers who suffer losses of up to a third as a result of the Swiss pension accounting system.

This runs counter to the basic idea of the agreement on the free movement of persons between the EU and Switzerland, which should guarantee employees the opportunity to work without barriers. In addition, discrimination against cross-border workers as a result of the AHV revision is not in the spirit of multilateral human rights treaties signed by Switzerland, including the UN Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, which includes social insurance in its provisions on anti-discrimination.

As only pension rights acquired under Swiss law are taken into account for this purpose, the new pension formula can adversely affect the pension rights of cross-border workers when both spouses have been subject to the legislation of different Member States. This, however, does not necessarily mean that it constitutes an indirect discrimination of migrant workers which cannot be justified on objective considerations and which are not proportionate to other legitimate aims pursued. This bilateral Agreement entitles Union citizens to work and reside in Switzerland and vice versa subject to certain conditions, but it does not have the effect that Switzerland became a member of the European Union and that it can be referred to the Court of Justice of the European Union.

The Commission therefore considers that Switzerland is basically free to establish its own pension scheme.


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According to the spokesperson for Commissioner Olli Rehn, the European Commission has demanded an explanation from the Spanish government, because it considers that this law will act as a disincentive to investment and will cause problems for the banks. Does it consider that protection for the banks takes precedence over protection for the socially most vulnerable groups of the population which have been hit by unprecedented levels of unemployment? Does this stand by the Commission towards the local government of Andalusia constitute a precedent and criterion for all other EU Member States which are in crisis and have massive unemployment to take similar measures?

The Commission is concerned by the precarious situation of some most vulnerable households in Spain, subject to or threatened by evictions or foreclosures. The Commission is aware that both the Spanish Government and the government of Andalusia have recently introduced legislation in order to shelter these most vulnerable households from some of their immediate and massive hardship.

It welcomes such initiatives as far as these are effective and strike a workable balance between the imperative needs of protecting these most vulnerable households and the necessary requirements of stabilising the financial sector in Spain. These two requirements are, in the view of the Commission, intrinsically linked, as restoring financial stability in Spain constitutes a necessary requirement for Spain to move back to a sustainable growth path and to deliver lasting positive effects on the living conditions on all Spanish citizens.

Against this background and that of the specific objectives and requirements of the ongoing financial-sector programme in favour of Spain, the inquiry of the Commission about the recent legislation of Andalucia sought information on whether some specific parts of the legislation of Andalusia would not have unintended, unnecessary and significant effects on financial stability and the wider housing market in Spain.

Dazi norvegesi a danno delle esportazioni di Asiago e Montasio. Il settore agroalimentare norvegese riceve una robusta tutela da parte dello Stato che non solo si preoccupa di sostenerlo con trasferimenti e sussidi pubblici di vario tipo, ma periodicamente introduce nuove barriere tariffarie per limitare l'ingresso di quelle merci in diretta concorrenza con la produzione agroalimentare nazionale: The Norwegian agri-food sector receives robust protection from the State, which not only supports the sector by means of public transfers and subsidies of various kinds, but periodically introduces new trade barriers to restrict the entry of goods in direct competition with national agri-food production: These measures could result in less trade, to the detriment of Norwegian consumers and Italian producers, given that the typical agri-food production sector is one of the pillars of employment in Italy and its regions.

Can the Commission state, in order to safeguard jobs and production in the European agri-food sector:. In the Commission's view the measures are contrary to the objectives of Article. The Commisison is considering what can be done bilaterally to counter this policy change and will also take it into account in other areas of our relations with Norway. All other EU agricultural products, for which full liberalisation is not granted, are subject to duties upon entry to Norway.

Sicurezza alimentare in Cina — Nuovi casi di latte in polvere alterato. Come intende agire al fine di aumentare il livello di sicurezza del latte in polvere prodotto e commercializzato all'interno dell'Unione europea? Non si registrano problematiche in tema di sicurezza alimentare per quanto concerne il latte in polvere prodotto e venduto nell'UE e pertanto un ulteriore miglioramento della sua sicurezza non figura sull'agenda della Commissione. Over half the companies producing milk powder in China have been closed down or seized because they did not observe minimum food safety standards.

The first case to come to light was recorded in the eastern province of Anhui, where a milk-powder producer was selling milk containing just 0. Miglioramento del livello di istruzione scolastica — Il caso indiano. Considerando che, quando l'imprenditore ha dato avvio al progetto, gli studi nel settore dell'informatica rappresentavano un lusso cui pochi giovani potevano accedere;. L'attuale programma Erasmus Mundus interessa i paesi terzi, con capitoli specifici per i paesi emergenti. Altri strumenti vengono usati per condurre il dialogo politico con i paesi emergenti.

Con la Cina la cooperazione si sta espandendo grazie alla costituzione di una piattaforma multidimensionale nell'ambito dell'istruzione superiore. When the company started the project, studying IT was a luxury that few young people had access to. Does the Commission plan to support projects to improve and promote education in the Member States and cooperation projects with emerging countries, and if so, how? Other tools are used for policy dialogue with emerging countries. For instance, in India, a senior officials meeting looked into aspects of quality assurance and transparency tools building on the support provided for the implementation of national programmes for universal elementary education and access to quality secondary education.

With China, cooperation is expanding via the establishment of a multi-dimensional platform in higher education. A joint study was undertaken with Brazil and cooperation has been enhanced with South Africa. It will support two-way mobility for staff and students through credit mobility and joint degrees. It will modernise curriculum, governance and functioning of higher education as well as strengthen links with the societal and economic environment through capacity building partnerships.

Policy dialogue will contribute to the modernisation and the internationalisation of higher education. Negli ultimi trent'anni, diversi gruppi estremistici hanno spesso accusato la minoranza cristiana di compiere opera di proselitismo e di conversione e tali proteste, organizzate nei pressi del sito di edificazione delle chiese da islamici spesso non residenti, sono volte a ottenere la revoca dei permessi di costruzione.

La delegazione dell'UE a Giacarta sta seguendo da vicino la situazione delle minoranze religiose, inclusa quella cristiana, in Indonesia.

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At the beginning of July it was reported that hundreds of Muslim demonstrators had taken to the streets in Jakarta to protest against the construction of a Catholic church in the Indonesian province of West Java. The EU Delegation in Jakarta is following closely the situation of religious minorities, including Christains, in Indonesia. Initiatives currently ongoing aim, among others, at promoting tolerance and interfaith dialogue as well as at strenghtening the capacity of religious minorities and human rights defenders to protect their rights and to monitor and document human rights violations, to improve accountabilty.

Other activities under EIDHR also aim at enhancing human rights understanding of judges to encourage application of human rights standards in the adjudications of cases related to religious freedom. Modifiche legislative ispirate alla sharia: I membri del Fronte di difesa islamico Fpi stabiliscono da tempo regole ispirate alla legge musulmana sul territorio di propria competenza e queste regole non hanno nulla a che fare con la normativa ufficiale. Furthermore, members of this group have carried out several attacks, including in the past, against shops and kiosks that sell alcohol.

The EU Delegation in Jakarta is aware of issues over the implementation of Sharia law in Aceh as well as Sharia inspired regulations in certain districts but not by the Government of Jakarta. The protection of EU tourists is primarily a consular issue and the responsibility of the individual Member States concerned.

In general terms, protection of freedom of expression or belief is a regular topic at the EU-Indonesia Human Rights Dialogue. Problema della fame e della malnutrizione in India. Il decreto appena citato mira a riconoscere il diritto a nutrirsi quale diritto legale di ogni individuo, e comporterebbe la distribuzione obbligatoria a ciascun indigente di 5 kg.

Si sottolinea come il progetto di legge rischi di sfumare a causa dei suoi costi, giudicati troppo alti — 22 miliardi di euro nel bilancio di un Paese che mira a ridurre il proprio deficit. La Commissione ha adottato una serie di provvedimenti per essere in primo piano nella lotta alla malnutrizione a livello mondiale. Tuttavia, le questioni alimentari e nutrizionali sono spesso affrontate nel contesto dei programmi su linee di bilancio tematiche.

Ulteriori progetti incentrati sulla sicurezza alimentare sono stati finanziati nell'ambito del programma EIDHR. The Commission has taken a number of steps to place itself at the forefront of global efforts to reduce undernutrition. However, in the context of the thematic budget line programmes, food and nutrition issues are often addressed. It may be recalled that, over the period, the Commission has provided substantial financial support to the Government of India in the education and health sectors.

As part of the Joint Review Missions, the issue of nutrition has been regularly discussed because appropriate nutrition critically impacts both education and health. The Commission currently supports 10 civil society projects which directly address household and community level food security, primarily focusing on agriculture production systems supporting marginalized, poor farmers in dry land areas. The Commission also includes measures to address or prevent malnutrition among its priorities when providing humanitarian assistance after disasters in India.

Impiego di condannati ai lavori forzati in distretti industriali nord-coreani. Il caso di Kaesong. La Commissione plaude al fatto che i due paesi abbiano recentemente concordato le condizioni per far ripartire il lavoro nel suddetto complesso e l'UE intrattiene regolarmente consultazioni con la Corea del Sud sugli ultimi aggiornamenti della situazione. La Commissione condanna a chiare lettere la situazione attuale ed reagisce di conseguenza.

Per ulteriori informazioni nel merito la Commissione rinvia alla propria risposta all'interrogazione scritta. Even though Kaesong is in North Korea, it was originally intended to provide jobs for workers from South Korea, based on bilateral agreements between the two countries. The North Korean economy, which is largely based on a nuclear programme shunned by the international community, is experiencing difficulties due in part to the embargo imposed by the United Nations and the monetary policy of its late leader Kim Jong-il.

The Commission is well aware of the present situation in the Kaesong complex. The industrial park has previously played an important role in promoting peaceful cooperation between North and South Korea, and therefore the Commission regrets that operations on the site have been suspended since April. The Commission is very concerned by the issue of labour camps, and indeed by the severe violations of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights in North Korea. The Commission unequivocally condemns the present situation and has responded accordingly.

It expresses its deep concerns to North Korean representatives at every possible opportunity. In particular, there are serious concerns about the US Government using a huge amount of confidential information that has been misappropriated. Improper use of such data could therefore result in industrial espionage with serious repercussions on the smooth operation of transatlantic trade relations and the competitiveness of European companies. Il 13 maggio scorso Altroconsumo, l'associazione italiana per la tutela e difesa dei consumatori, ha lanciato un allarme: Secondo l'indagine, la maggior parte degli operatori viene meno agli obblighi verso i clienti: Pur non attendendo ai requisiti imposti dalla legge e operando quindi in modo abusivo, moltissimi gestori assumono le funzioni e le competenze commerciali proprie di un operatore professionale.

Ritiene utile un intervento normativo a livello dell'Unione che specifichi altri requisiti, ad esempio il divieto di pagamento in contanti o il superamento di un esame di abilitazione, al fine di regolamentare ulteriormente tali esercizi? According to the investigation, most of these traders do not meet their obligations towards customers: Although they do not comply with the legal requirements and therefore operate illegally, a high number of cash-for-gold traders assume the functions and business skills of a professional trader. The directive would, however, apply to cases where a link can be established between the purchase of the product by the trader from a consumer and the promotion, sale or supply of a product to a consumer, such as in the car sector where it is common for traders to purchase a used vehicle in return for the consumer buying a vehicle from the trader.

The solution would be rather for the Member State to introduce stricter controls over the gold purchase business, especially where the relevant legislation exists, as seems to be the case in Italy.

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De Verenigde Naties, de Europese Unie en de Verenigde Staten hebben meerdere malen aangedrongen op eerlijke en vrije verkiezingen in Cambodja. Een van de voorwaarden is dat oppositieleider Sam Rainsy als kandidaat kan deelnemen aan de verkiezingen. Dit is echter niet het geval: Rainsy is beroofd van zijn politieke en burgerlijke rechten, hij verblijft momenteel in ballingschap en hij riskeert een gevangenisstraf indien hij terugkeert naar Cambodja.

Ondanks de tegenwerking van de Cambodjaanse autoriteiten, is Rainsy van plan om terug te keren naar Cambodja en zich verkiesbaar te stellen. Zijn partij heeft de uitslag van de verkiezingen verworpen en heeft opgeroepen tot een onderzoek naar vermeende fraude. De EU volgt de situatie in het land nauwlettend. De EU-delegatie in Phnom Penh heeft regelmatig contact met zowel oppositieleiders als met vertegenwoordigers van de regering om ervoor te zorgen dat geschillen op democratische en vreedzame wijze worden opgelost.

The United Nations, the European Union and the United States have several times urged that free and fair elections be held there. One of the conditions is that opposition leader Sam Rainsy should be allowed to stand as a candidate in the elections. However, he will be unable to do so. He has been deprived of his political and civil rights, is currently in exile and runs the risk of imprisonment if he returns to Cambodia.

Despite the obstructionism of the Cambodian authorities, Rainsy intends to return to Cambodia and stand for election. His party has refused the results of the elections and has called for an investigation on fraud allegations. The EU is closely following the situation in the country. The EU Delegation in Phnom Penh has been in regular contacts with the opposition leaders, as well as with representatives from the government to ensure disputes are settled in a democratic and peaceful spirit.

Herinvoeren visumplicht westelijke Balkan.

Deelt u de breedgedragen mening dat de noodzaak tot herinvoering van de visumplicht duidelijk aangeeft dat er met betrekking tot het afschaffen ervan destijds overhaast gehandeld is? Deelt u de mening dat onmiddellijk moet worden overgegaan tot herinvoering van de visumplicht voor westelijke Balkanlanden en dat deze een permanente status dient te krijgen? Deze hervormingen hebben geleid tot een veilige omgeving voor visumvrij reizen. In reactie op een grote toename van het aantal asielverzoeken in heeft de Commissie een mechanisme voor monitoring na visumliberalisering opgezet, dat de van visumplicht vrijgestelde staten onmiddellijke maatregelen heeft aanbevolen om het misbruik van de asielprocedures aan te pakken.

De betrokken landen hebben het merendeel van de aanbevelingen van de Commissie uitgevoerd. Deze wijziging zal naar verwachting in het najaar van door de medewetgevers worden aangenomen. Overeenkomstig de aan te nemen tekst zouden de lidstaten het opschortingsmechanisme in werking kunnen stellen wanneer aan bepaalde door de medewetgevers gestelde voorwaarden is voldaan. Does the Commission agree with the widely held view that the need to reimpose the visa requirement clearly indicates that the requirement was abolished too hastily? Does the Commission agree that various Member States are being inconvenienced in various ways by the flood of asylum applications from the western Balkans and that therefore, in accordance with subsidiarity, the power to reintroduce the visa requirement — whether for a limited period or indefinitely — should lie with the Member States and not with the Commission?

Does the Commission agree that the visa requirement should immediately be reimposed for the Western Balkan countries and that it should be assigned permanent status? The visa obligation was lifted for the citizens of Serbia, Montenegro, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina at the end of country-specific visa liberalisation dialogues that required reforms in areas as wide-ranging as readmission, reintegration, document security, border management, migration and asylum, the fight against organised crime and corruption and fundamental rights related to the freedom of movement.

These reforms have created a secure environment for visa-free travel. In response to a surge in asylum applications in , the Commission set up a post-visa liberalisation monitoring mechanism that recommended immediate measures for the visa-free states to address abuses of asylum procedures. This amendment is expected to be adopted by the co-legislators in the autumn of According to the text to be adopted, the suspension mechanism may be triggered by the Member States if certain conditions set by the co-legislators are met.

However, it will be for the Commission, under implementing powers and thus assisted by a committee composed of Member States' experts, to adopt a measure temporarily suspending the visa waiver for a third country after an examination of all relevant elements including,. In maart lanceerde de Europese Commissie een openbare raadpleging die hiermee verband houdt: Public Consultation on a possible EU initiative on responsible sourcing of minerals originating from conflict-affected and high-risk areas. Zo is er de moeilijke positie van kmo's in de mijnbouwsector in het hele proces.

Uit de eerste resultaten blijkt dat een groot percentage van de respondenten interesse toont in de verantwoorde winning uit conflictgebieden en het vraagstuk belangrijk vindt. Uit de algemene boodschap blijkt bovendien dat de Commissie voor een samenhangende benadering zou kunnen kiezen die het wereldwijde karakter van complexe toeleveringsketens erkent en steunt op een internationaal kader zoals uiteengezet in de zorgvuldigheidsrichtsnoeren van de OESO voor verantwoorde toeleveringsketens van mineralen uit risicovolle en conflictgebieden. Wat de vraag over kmo's in de mijnbouwsector en kleinschalige mijnwerkers betreft, is de Commissie op de hoogte van de netelige positie waarin zij verkeren en zij hecht belang aan het voorkomen van eventuele nadelige gevolgen voor deze exploitanten.

Daarom zal de analyse van antwoorden op vragen over deze aspecten die in de openbare raadpleging waren opgenomen een bepalende rol spelen bij het verder uitwerken van het standpunt dat de Commissie in haar aanstaande initiatief zal innemen. De volledige analyse van deze resultaten is momenteel gaande en wordt in principe in de herfst beschikbaar gesteld. For example, the position of SMEs operating in the mining sector at whatever stage of the process is a difficult one. The Commission received a relatively high number of responses — close to — from a wide range of stakeholders including business, NGOs and citizens.

Preliminary results indicate that a high percentage of respondents are interested in responsible sourcing from conflict-areas and believe the issue is important. Moreover, the overall message indicates that the Commission could take a consistent approach recognising the global nature of complex supply chains and relying on an international framework as set out in the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for responsible supply chains of minerals from conflict-affected and high-risk areas.

As regards the question on SMEs in the mining sector and small scale miners on the ground, the Commission is aware of the sensitivity of their positions and is keen on avoiding any undue negative consequence on those operators. To this end, the analysis of replies to questions on these aspects that were included in the public consultation will be instrumental in further shaping the Commission's position in its upcoming initiative. The full analysis of these results is currently underway and should be made available in the autumn.

Invoertarieven duurzaam geproduceerde palmolie en grondstoffen. Acht de Commissie het gewenst om de productie en het gebruik van duurzaam geproduceerde grondstoffen te bevorderen middels een preferentieel invoertarief? Bij de vaststelling van de tarieven voor palmolie is overeenkomstig de behandeling van goederen in het EU-douanewetboek rekening gehouden met verschillende aspecten van menselijke consumptie of industrieel gebruik. De Commissie is van mening dat de verschuiving op de markt naar duurzame producten een bijdrage kan leveren aan het beperken van de impact van consumptie op het milieu en de samenleving.

Daarom neemt zij verschillende initiatieven om duurzame productie en consumptie van goederen aan te moedigen. De Commissie acht tariefdifferentiatie op basis van de certificering door particuliere regelingen, met name uit het oogpunt van doeltreffendheid, juridische haalbaarheid en praktische handhaving, hiervoor geen geschikt middel.

Daarom heeft de Commissie momenteel geen plannen om beleid te ontwikkelen waarbij de particuliere duurzaamheidsregelingen worden gekoppeld aan handelspreferenties voor palmolie of grondstoffen. Can the Commission state what the reason behind the current tariff differentiation is? Does the Commission consider it desirable to promote the production and use of sustainably produced raw materials through a preferential import tariff? EU import duties are the result of a decades-long ongoing liberalisation effort, and are determined through a process taking into account a comprehensive set of elements.

The Commission considers that the shift in the market place towards sustainable products has a role to play in contributing to reducing the environmental and social impact of consumption. In this framework, it undertakes different initiatives to encourage the production and consumption of goods responding to sustainability concerns. The Commission does not consider tariff differentiation on the basis of certification by private schemes to be an appropriate tool to this end, in particular with a view to efficiency, legal feasibility, and practical enforceability.

Therefore, the Commission currently has no plans to develop a policy linking private sustainability schemes to trade preferences for palm oil or raw materials. Weet u wat het percentage is van de bestrijdingsmiddelen die tijdelijk verboden zijn dat daadwerkelijk onder het moratorium valt in de gehele EU? Kan de Commissie haar standpunt toelichten wat betreft het advies van het CLM om de verbruiksgegevens van de bestrijdingsmiddelen openbaar te maken?

De eerste gegevens over het agrarisch gebruik van pesticiden die vallen onder Verordening EG nr. Derhalve kan nog geen conclusie met betrekking tot deze gegevens worden getrokken. De uitkomst van die evaluatie kan erin bestaan dat de maatregelen worden versoepeld, maar ook dat verdere beperkingen worden opgelegd. In dit stadium valt niet te zeggen wat de uitkomst zal zijn. Overeenkomstig Verordening EG nr. De lidstaten zijn evenwel verplicht niet-vertrouwelijke gegevens over pesticiden te publiceren. The CLM has analysed in what crops, applications and amounts these three neonicotinoids are being used in the Netherlands and which part of this falls under the moratorium.

Do you know what percentage of the pesticides that are temporarily banned actually falls under the moratorium across the EU? If so, what is that percentage and is it also available broken down by Member State? If so, could you provide me with an overview? If so, could you explain to me how? Hence no conclusion on this data can yet be drawn. However, as far as the measures at issue are concerned, the Commission is committed to review those measures based on new data specific to the three neonicotinoids at issue submitted by Member States, industry and other relevant stakeholders. The review might lead to a relaxation of the measures, or to further restrictions.

At this stage it is not possible to envisage the final outcome of the process. However, Member States are required to publish pesticide data that are not confidential. Plany uruchomienia unijnego portalu prasowego. Information which has emerged concerning plans being made by the Commission to launch an EU-funded news website has caused concern among journalists. Protests have been registered, amongst others, by the International Press Association, which is based in Brussels.

Controversy is being caused by the idea itself, which has been described as interference in the independence of the media, and also by the high cost of the project. Is the Commission able to confirm its intention to launch its own news website, and what stage has this project reached?

What is expected to be the real cost of launching the website and what will be the annual costs of its operation? What is the aim of creating a new website in a situation in which the European website presseurop. Does this not bear the hallmarks of an unnecessary and expensive duplication of effort? In the context of the announced budgetary restrictions for the next Multiannual Financial Framework period, the Commission has decided to cancel the call for tender for an Online Media on EU Affairs.

This signals the end of Nabucco, a pipeline which has, for years, been seen as a flagship European Union project for diversifying supplies of natural gas. Nabucco recently Nabucco West was to have been a realistic alternative for the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, releasing countries such as Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary from dependence on supplies from Russia. Connections between supply systems were also to have allowed delivery to Poland.

The project therefore had huge strategic advantages. However, departure from this plan is equivalent to strengthening the hand of energy supplies from Russia. The Nabucco fiasco has therefore exposed the weakness and ineffectiveness of EU foreign policy. Will any efforts be made to achieve a significant improvement in this area and, if so, what action will be taken? The Commission has no reason to protest this decision made between two commercial entities.

Indeed, eventually both routes will be needed, independently of which one comes first. The opening of the European route should also directly benefit Member States in central and eastern Europe that are not directly concerned by the selected pipeline.

The Commission has been working for a long time on making sure that, independently of the initially chosen route, eventually no Member State remains dependent on a single supplier of gas. This can be achieved notably through the completion of the energy internal market, through ensuring bi-directional gas flows and the construction of the necessary interconnectors. Meanwhile, overall control of the project is going to be subject to negotiations between Moscow and Brussels which — in view of the recent termination of the Nabucco project — find the Kremlin in a privileged position.

What is the time frame planned for commencement and completion of work related to construction of the Bulgarian section of the pipeline, and will this work be done under the supervision of the Commission? What action will be taken by the European institutions to strengthen it? South Stream is promoted by Gazprom and its co-investors. The Commission does not have any strategy for this project.

As for any transmission project, the Commission will ensure that South Stream is developed and operated in line with EU legislation. This is in particular the internal energy market legislation, including provisions on non-discriminatory access to capacity for competing suppliers. The Commission would welcome the inclusion of other potential exporters of gas from Russia as shippers or developers of the project.

In the absence of any information on South Stream financing it is not possible to assess its effects on the Bulgarian economy. However, any government support — if given — should comply with the state aid rules. Projects of this nature should only attract public funding if there are overriding public benefits.

The Commission has not been informed of any significant public benefit arising from this project. The series of droughts which have affected the southern part of Europe in particular have caused serious losses in European agriculture. This technology is being used successfully in Poland, and successful experiments using these vaccines have also been carried out recently at experimental plantations in Spain and Croatia. It is to be hoped that the use of mycorrhizal technology on a wider scale can result in significant reductions in the losses caused by droughts and that it can also lead to an increase in the quantity and quality of crops.

Does the Commission have any knowledge of the beneficial effects of mycorrhizal technology in Poland? Is it planning any action to support this technology and make it more widely available in Europe, or at least to support research into the development of this technology? The Commission is aware of the experiments in Poland concerning the use of mycorrhizal fungi in nutrient and water acquisition. The beneficial effect of mycorrhizal fungi has also been reported several times in the scientific literature. Emphasis is also put on unravelling the contribution of mycorrhizal fungi to plant performance under stress conditions, and the use of the potential mycorrhizal effectiveness as a tool for breeding.

This will concern in particular research and innovation geared towards coping with droughts and other extreme events. Preliminary data from the consultations show that a variety of different opinions have been expressed on the subject. In view of the negligible public response in the majority of the Member States, is the Commission planning to undertake more extensive consultations?

This public consultation is part of a broader consultation process designed to involve interested individuals and stakeholders in the Commission's ongoing work and addresses the opportunities as well as the risks of unconventional fossil fuels such as shale gas. While all EU citizens are invited to contribute to the consultation, it is expected that submissions come primarily from countries with shale gas resources and where a public debate on the subject is ongoing.

Responses to public consultation — including those submitted by individual citizens — will serve as one of the inputs to the Commission's work on impact assessment. However, many other inputs are used for the impact assessment work: Consultation results will be presented both in unweighted form and weighted form, taking into account the population of different Member States, the representativeness of respondents, their expertise or their public responsibility.

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The floods of recent weeks that seriously affected Central and Eastern Europe, and the cross-border nature of climate change-driven disasters, provide clear evidence for the need for coordinated action at EU level. Unfortunately however, there are a number of shortcomings with regard to disaster response management. The European Union Solidarity Fund was created following the serious flooding of , precisely to support the victims of similar challenges. Regrettably, this instrument of community solidarity cannot now fulfil its mission due to budget deadlock, which was caused, amongst other things, by some Member States opposing the topping up of the Solidarity Fund.

Europe is prone to major floods. Since , we have had the Community Mechanism for Civil Protection and the aforementioned EU Solidarity Fund, but it is evident that the frequency and intensity of disasters represent an increased need for assistance, requiring greater coordination and efficiency. EU capacity for managing natural disasters must include an early warning prevention and evacuation system in the event of danger, and an emergency response centre to coordinate interventions.

The legal basis of the Solidarity Fund is different from that for humanitarian aid as it is financed with appropriations raised over and above the normal EU budget on a case by case basis. This way of financing the Solidarity Fund has just been confirmed in the financial framework for and the accompanying Interinstitutional Agreement. What measures does the Commission envisage to stimulate the creation of jobs, the improvement of workers' skills and a closer correlation of qualifications with the needs of the labour market?

The Package proposed to step up job creation across the economy by: The Youth Guarantee comprises both measures that enhance skills levels for example second-chance education programmes or skills training , and that increase the number of available jobs e. Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review. Amazon Giveaway allows you to run promotional giveaways in order to create buzz, reward your audience, and attract new followers and customers.

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