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Editor Boston Catholic Journal. Cardinal Gibbons, Archbishop Baltimore. In making up this long roll of honor, the Church has been actuated by that instinctive wisdom with which the Spirit of God, who abides in her and teaches her all truth, has endowed her, and which permeates through and guides all her actions.

She is the Spouse of Christ, without spot or wrinkle or blemish, wholly glorious and undefiled, whom He loved, for whom He died, and to whom He promised the Spirit of Truth, to comfort her in her dreary pilgrimage through this valley of tears, and to abide with her forever. She is one with Him in Spirit and in love, she is subject to Him in all things; she loves what He loves, she teaches and practices what He commands. If men who have been stained with blood, and women who have been tainted with vice, have had their memory consecrated in prose and in verse, and monuments erected to their memory, because they exhibited extraordinary talents, achieved great success, or were, to a greater or less extent, benefactors of their race in the temporal order, which passeth away, why should not the true Heroes and Heroines of Jesus, who, imitating His example, have overcome themselves, risen superior to and trampled upon the world, have aspired, in all their thoughts, words, and actions, to a heavenly crown, and have moreover labored with disinterested zeal and self-forgetting love for the good of their fellow-men, have their memories likewise consecrated and embalmed in the minds and hearts of the people of God?

If time have its heroes, why should not eternity; if man, why should not God? Their praises are sung forth, with jubilation of heart, in the Church of God for ages on ages. The wisdom of the Church of God in honoring her Saints is equaled only by the great utility of the practice thus consecrated. The Saints are not merely heroes; they are models.

Christ lived in them, and Christ yet speaks through them. They were the living temples of the Holy Ghost, in whose mortal bodies dwelt all the riches of His wisdom and grace. They were in life consecrated human exemplars of divine excellence and perfection.

Their example still appeals to our minds and to our hearts, more eloquently even than did their words to the men of their own generation, while they were in the tabernacle of the flesh. Though dead, they still speak. Their relics are instinct with sanctity, and through them they continue to breathe forth the sweet odor of Christ. The immortality into which they have entered still lingers in their bones, and seems to breathe in their mortal remains.

As many an ardent, spirit has been induced to rush to the cannon's mouth by reading the exploits of earthly heroes, so many a generous Christian soul has been fired with heavenly ardor, and been impelled to rush to the crown of martyrdom, by reading the lives and heroic achievements of the Saints and Martyrs of Christ. Example, in its silent appeal, is more potent in its influence on the human heart and conduct than are words in their most eloquent utterances.

The Church knows and feels all this, in the Spirit of God with whom she is replenished ; and hence she sets forth, with holy joy and exultant hope, her bright and ever-increasing Calendar of Sanctity of just men and women made perfect and rendered glorious, under her unearthly and sublime teachings. In reading this roll of consecrated holiness, our instinctive conclusion is, precisely that which the great soul of St.

Augustine reached at the very crisis of his life, the moment of his conversion "If other men like me have attained to such sanctity, why not I? Shall the poor, the afflicted, the despised of the World, bear away the palm of victory, the crown of immortality, while I lie buried in my sloth and dead in my sins, and thus lose the brilliant and glorious mansion already prepared for me in heaven?

Shall all the gifts, which God has lavished upon me, be ingloriously spent and foolishly wasted, in the petty contest for this world's evanescent honors and riches, while the poor and contemned lay up treasures in heaven, and secure the prize of immortal glory? Shall others be the friends of God, whom He delights to honor, while I alone remain His enemy, and an alien from His blessed Kingdom?

It is a consoling evidence of progress in the spiritual life in this country to find the Martyrology here published, for the first time, in English, and thereby made accessible, in its rich treasures of Sanctity, to all classes of our population. It will prove highly edifying and useful, not only to the members of our numerous religious Communities of both sexes, but also to the laity generally. Every day has here its record of Sanctity; and there is scarcely a Christian, no matter how lowly or how much occupied, who may not be able to daily peruse, with faith and with great profit, the brief page of each day's models of Holiness.

These belong to all classes and callings of life; from the throne to the hovel, from the Pontiff to the lowest cleric, from the philosopher to the peasant, from the busy walks of life to the dreary wastes of the desert. Let all, then, procure and read daily the appropriate portions of this Martyrology. Its daily and pious perusal will console us in affliction, will animate us in despondency, will make our souls glow with the love of God in coldness, and will lift up our minds and hearts from this dull and ever-changing earth to the bright and everlasting mansions prepared for us in Heaven!

Cardinal Gibbons, Archbishop Baltimore, Maryland Apologeticus , Chapter Almachius , martyr, who, by the command of Alipius, governor of the city, was killed by the gladiators for saying, "Today is the Octave of our Lord's birth; put an end to theworship of idols, and abstain from unclean sacrifices.

Also at Rome, under the emperor Alexander, St. Martina, virgin , who endured various kinds of torments, and being beheaded, received the palm of martyrdom. Her feast is kept on the 30th of this month. At Spoleto, in the time of the emperor Antoninus, St. Concordius , priest and martyr, who was beaten with clubs, and then put to the torture.

After a long confinement in prison, where he was visited by an angel, he lost his life by the sword. The same day, St. At Caesarea, in Cappadocia, the demise of St. Basil, bishop , whose festival is kept on the 14th of June, the date of his consecration as bishop. Fulgentius , bishop of Buspoe, who suffered much from the Arians during the persecution of the Vandals, for holding the Catholic faith and teaching its excellent doctrine. After being banished to Sardinia, he was permitted to return to his diocese, where he ended his life by a holy death, leaving a reputation for sanctity and eloquence.

Justin , bishop of that city, illustrious for holiness of life and miracles. In the diocese of Lyons, in the monastery of St. Eugendus , abbot, whose life was eminent for virtues and miracles. Odilo , abbot of Cluny, who was the first to prescribe that the commemoration of all the faithful departed should be made in his monasteries the day after the feast of All Saints.

This practice was afterwards received and approved by the universal Church. In Tuscany, on Mount Senario blessed Bonfilius, confessor , one of the seven founders of the Order of the Servites of the blessed Virgin Mary, who, herself, suddenly called her devout servant to heaven.

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At Alexandria, the departure from this world of St. Euphrosyna, virgin , who was renowned in her monastery for the virtue of abstinence, and the gift of miracles. And in other places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and virgins. Thanks be to God. The reading of the Martyrology is always terminated in this manner. The Sacred Synod has therefore decreed: In order to execute this decision of the Ecumenical Council, the names of some saints have been removed from the universal Calendar, and the faculty has been given of re-establishing in regions concerned, if it is desired, the commemorations and cult of other saints.

The suppression of reference to a certain number of saints who are not universally known has permitted the insertion, within the Roman Calendar, of names of some martyrs of regions where the proclaiming of the Gospel arrived at a later date. Thus, as representatives of their countries, those who have won renown by the shedding of their blood for Christ or by their outstanding virtues enjoy the same dignity in this same catalogue.

For these reasons we think that the new universal Calendar, prepared for the Latin rite, is more in harmony with the piety and the needs of our times, and that it better reflects the universality of the Church, in the sense that it proposes the names of the most important saints, who present to all the People of God a shining example of sanctity in a variety of ways.

It is superfluous to say that this will contribute to the spiritual well-being of the entire Christian world. We establish that they will go into effect on January 1, Hyginus, 11 January, added in the 12th century removed. Paul, first hermit, 15 January, added in the 12th century, removed.


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Maur, 15 January, added in the 12th century, removed. Marcellus, 16 January, removed. Septuagesima Sunday, on which the canticle of the Lord, Alleluia, ceases to be said. Tuesday after Quinquagesima Sunday. Ash-Wednesday, and the beginning of the fast of the most holy season of Lent. Thursday after Passion Sunday. The festival of the Seven Dolors of the most blessed Virgin Mary.

Palm-Sunday, when our Lord Jesus Christ, accord- ing to the prophecy of Zachary, entered Jerusalem, sitting upon the foal of an ass, and was met by the multitude bearing palms. Wednesday of Holy Week. The Lord's Supper, when Christ Jesus, the day before He was crucified for our salvation, delivered to His disciples the mysteries of His body and blood to be celebrated.

Easter Sunday , before naming the day of the month. On this day which the Lord has made, is the solemnity of solemnities, and our Passover ; the Kes- urrection of our Saviour Jesus Christ according to the flesh. Then are read the day of the month and the Mar- tyrology of the following day. The third Tuesday after Easter.

The Roman Martyrology

The Solemnity of St. Joseph, Spouse of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The day of Pentecost, when the Holy Ghost came upon the disciples at Jerusalem in the shape of fiery tongues. Saturday within the Octave of Whit-Sunday. The feast of the most holy and indivisible Trinity. Wednesday after the Octave of Whit-Sunday. The feast of the most Sacred Body of Christ. Thursday, the Octave day of Corpus Christ i. The feast of the most Sacred Heart of Jesus. Almachius, martyr, who, by the com- mand of Alipius, governor of the city, was killed by the gladiators for saying, "Today is the Octave of our Lord's birth; put an end to the worship of idols, and abstain from unclean sacri- fices.

Also at Rome, under the emperor Alexander, St. Martina, virgin, who endured various kinds of torments, and being beheaded, received the palm of martyrdom. Her feast is kept on the 30th of this month. Concordius, priest and martyr, who was beaten with clubs, and then put to the torture. After a long confinement in prison, where he was visited by an angel, he lost his life by the sword.

The same day, St. At Csesarea, in Cappadocia, the demise of St. Basil, bishop, whose festival is kept on the 14th of June, the date of his consecra- tion as bishop. Fulgentius, bishop of Buspoe, who suffered much from the Arians during the persecution of the Vandals, for holding the Catholic faith and teaching its excellent doctrine. After being banished to Sardinia, he was permitted to return to his diocese, where he ended his life by a holy death, leaving a reputation for sanctity and eloquence. Justin, bishop of that city, illustrious for holi- ness of life and miracles.

In the diocese of Lyons, in the monastery of St. Eugendus, abbot, whose life was eminent for virtues and miracles. Odilo, abbot of Cluny, who was the first to prescribe that the commemoration of all the faithful departed should be made in his monas- teries the day after the feast of All Saints. This practice was afterwards received and approved by the universal Church. However, the Blessed Virgin and St. John the Baptist are exceptions to this rule. At Alexandria, the de- parture from this world of St.

Euphrosyna, virgin, who was renowned in her monastery for the virtue of abstinence, and the gift of miracles. And in other places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and virgins. Thanks be to God. The reading of the Martyrology is always terminated in this manner. Stephen, the first martyr. At Rome, the commemoration of many holy martyrs, who, despising the edict of the emperor Diocletian, which ordered that the sacred books should be deliv- ered up, preferred to surrender themselves to the executioners rather than to give holy things to dogs. At Antioch, the passion of blessed Isidore, bishop.

At Tomis, in Pontus, in the time of the emperor Licinius, three holy brothers, Argeus, Nar- cissus, and the young man Marcellinus. Being finally cast into the sea, he finished his martyrdom; but his brothers were beheaded. In Nitria, in Egypt, blessed Isidore, bishop and con- fessor. In The- bais, St.

Macarius of Alexandria, abbot. Cfie CiritD Dap of 3fanuarp, T! HE Octave of St. John, apostle and evangelist. Anterus, who suffered under Julius Maxi- minus, and was buried in the cemetery of Callistus. Peter, who was crucified at Au- lane. In Hellespont, the holy martyrs Cyrinus, Primus, and Theogenes. At Csesarea, in Cappado- cia, St.

Gordius, centurion, in whose praise is extanr a celebrated discourse, delivered by St. Basil the Great on the day of his festival. In Cilicia, the holy martyrs Zozimus, and the notary Athanasius. Also, the Saints Theopemptus and Theonas, who suffered a glorious martyrdom in the persecution of Diocletian. At Vienne, in France, St. Florentius, bishop, who was sent into exile and consummated his martyrdom, in the time of the emperor Gallienus. Germanus, bishop of Auxerre, and became famous for her admirable virtues and miracles.

In Crete, the birthday of St. Titus, who was consecrated bishop of that island by the apostle St. After hav- ing faithfully performed the duty of preaching the Gospel, he reached the end of his blessed life, and was buried in the church of which he had been made a worthy minister by the holy apostle. At Rome, in the reign of the impious Julian, the holy martyrs Priscus, priest, Priscillian, cleric, and Benedicta, 4 i religious woman, who ended their martyrdom by the sword.

Also, at Rome, under the same emperor, blessed Dafrosa, wife of the martyr St. After her husband had been killed, she was first ban- ished, and then beheaded. At Adrumetum, in Africa, in the persecution of Severus, the commemo- ration of St. Mavilus, martyr, who, being condemned by the most cruel president Scapula to be devoured by wild beasts, received the crown of martyrdom.

Gregory, a bishop renowned for miracles. At Rheims, in France, St. Rigobertus, bishop and confessor. At Rome, in the time of Antoninus Pius, St. Telesphorus, pope, who, after many sufferings for the confession of Christ, underwent a glorious martyrdom. In Egypt, during the persecution of Diocletian, the commemoration of many holy martyrs, who were put to death in Thebais by various kinds of tor- ments. Simeon, monk, who lived many years, standing on a pillar, and was, for that reason, called Stylites. His whole life was an un- broken series of wonders.

Edward, king, illustrious by the virtue of chastity and the gift of miracles. His feast, by order of Pope Inno- cent XI. Syncletica, whose noble deeds have been recorded by St. At Rome, the holy virgin Emili- ana, aunt of pope St. Being called to God by her sister Tharsilla, who had preceded her, she departed for heaven on this day.

In the diocese of Rheims, the martyrdom of St. Macra, virgin, who, in the persecution of Diocletian, was cast into the fire by order of the governor Kictiovarus. As she remained uninjured, she had her breasts cut off, was imprisoned in a foul dungeon, rolled upon broken earthenware and burning coals, and finally she gave up her soul while engaged in prayer.


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  7. In Africa, the commemoration of many holy martyrs, who were burned at the stake in the persecution of Severus. At Rennes, in France, St. Melanius, bishop and con- fessor, who, after a life remarkable for virtues in- numerable, with his thoughts constantly fixed on heaven, gloriously departed from this world.

    Andrew Corsini, a Florentine Car- melite and bishop of Fiesoli. His festival is kept on the 4th of February. At Geris, in Egypt, St. Nilammon, anchoret, who, whilst he was carried to a bishopric against his will, gave up his soul to God in prayer. He suffered at Nicomedia for the confession of Christ, in the persecution of Galerius Maximian, and was buried at Helenopolis, in Bithynia. His praises have been proclaimed by St. Clerus, deacon, who, for hav- ing professed faith in Christ, was seven times tor- tured, a long while kept in prison, and at length ended his martyrdom by decapitation.

    In the city of Heraclea, the holy martyrs Felix and Januarius. Canute, king and martyr. His feast is celebrated on the 19th of this month. Crispin, bishop and confessor. Nicetas, bishop, who made fierce and barbarous nations humane and meek by preaching the Gospel to them. Theodore, a saintly monk, who flourished in the time of Constantine the Great. He is mentioned by St. Athanasius, in his Life of St. At Bar- celona, St. Kaymond of Pennafort, "of the Order of Preachers, celebrated for sanctity and learning.

    His festival is kept on the 23d of this month. Denis, not fearing, after the slaughter of his companions, to confess the name of Christ openly, received the same sentence of death. In Lybia, the holy martyrs Theophilus, deacon, and Helladius, who, after being lacerated and cut with sharp pieces of earthenware, were cast into the fire, and rendered their souls to God. At Venice, the demise of blessed Lawrence Justinian, confessor, first patriarch of that city. Eminent for learning, and abundantly filled with the heavenly gifts of divine wisdom, he was ranked among the Saints by Alexander VIII.

    He is again mentioned on the 5th of September. At Hierapolis, in Asia, St. Apolli- naris, bishop, who was conspicuous for sanctity and learning, under Marcus Antoninus Verus. At Naples, in Campania, the birthday of the bishop St. Severin, brother to the blessed martyr Victorinus, who, after working many miracles, went to rest, re- plenished with virtues and merits. Maximus, bishop and confessor. The same day, among the inhabitants of Noricum now Austria , the abbot St. Severin, who preached the Gospel in that country, and is called its apostle. By divine power his body was carried to Lucullanum, near Naples, and thence transferred to the monastery of St.

    Having lived in a state of virginity with her husband, she reached the end of her days in peace. But after the death by fire of a multitude of priests and ministers of the Church of Christ, who had taken refuge in his house from the severity of the persecution, Julian was or- dered by the president Marcian to be tormented in many ways and executed.

    With him suffered An- thony, a priest, and Anastasius, whom Julian raised from the dead, and made partaker of the grace of Christ; also, Celsus, a boy, with his mother Mar- cionilla, seven brothers, and many others. In Mau- ritania Csesariensis now Algeria , St. At Smyrna, the holy mar- tyrs Vitalis, Revocatus, and Fortunatus. At Sebaste, in Armenia, St. Peter, bishop, brother of St. Marcellinus, bishop, who, according to St. At Rome, pope St. Agatho, who terminated a life remarkable for sanctity and learning by a holy death.

    At Bourges, in Aquitaine, St. William, archbishop and confessor, renowned for miracles and virtues. He was canon- ized by Honorius III.


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    John the Good, bishop and confessor. In Thebais, the birthday of St. Paul, the first hermit, who lived alone in the desert from the sixteenth to the one hundred and thirteenth year of his age. His soul was seen by St. Anthony carried by angels among the choirs of apostles and prophets. His feast is celebrated on the 15th of this month.

    In the monastery of Cusani, the birth- day of St. Benedict, renowned for piety and mir- acles. His festival is kept on the 14th of this month. Hyginus, pope, who " suffered a glorious martyrdom in the persecution of Antoninus. Augustine preached to the people of Carthage. At Alexandria, the holy mar- tyrs Peter, Severus, and Leucius.

    At Fermo, in the Marches, St. Alexander, bishop and martyr. Salvius, bishop and martyr. At Brin- disi, St. Leucius, bishop and confessor. In Cappa- docia, in a village called Magariassum, St.

    The Roman Martyrology Shows What It Means to Die Like a Christian

    Theodo- sius, abbot, who, after great sufferings for the Cath- olic faith, finally rested in peace. Palaemon, abbot, who was the teacher of St. At Suppentonia, near Mount Soractes, the holy monk Anastasius, and his companions, who were called by a voice from heaven to enter the kingdom of God. Tatiana, martyr, who was torn with iron hooks and combs, thrown to the beasts and cast into the fire, but, having received no injury, was be- headed, and thus went to heaven. As he passed before an idol, and breathed upon it, making the sign of the cross on his forehead, the idol immediately fell to the ground ; for this reason he was beheaded.

    Arcadius, martyr, illustrious by his noble birth and miracles. At Constantinople, the Saints Tygrius, priest, and Eutropius, lector, who suffered in the time of the emperor Arcadius. At Ephesus, under Constantine Copronymus, the passion of forty-two holy monks, who endured martyrdom after being most cruelly tortured for the defense of sacred images.

    At Ra- venna, St. John, bishop and confessor. Benedict, abbot and confessor. At Rome, on the Lavican road, the crowning of forty holy soldiers, a reward they merited by confessing the true faith, under the emperor Gallienus. Potitus, martyr, who, having suffered much under the emperor Antoninus and the gov- ernor Gelasius, was at last put to death by the sword. At Singidonum now Belgrade , in Upper Moesia, of the holy martyrs Hermylus and Stratoni- cus, who were severely tormented and drowned in the river Danube, under the emperor Licinius.

    At Cordova, the holy martyrs Gumesindus, priest, and Servideus, monk. At Poitiers, in France, the birth- day of St. His festival is celebrated on the 14th of this month. At Caesarea, in Cappadocia, St. Leontius, a bishop, who strongly opposed the Gentiles, under Licinius, and the Arians, under Constantine. In the monastery of Verzy, St. At Amasea, in Pontus, St.

    At Milan, in the monastery of St. Martha, blessed Veronica of Binasco, virgin of the Order of St. Cfte jFourteentft Dap of 3famtarp, OT. At Nola, in Campania, the birthday of St. Felix, priest, who as is related by bishop St. Pau linus , after being subjected to torments by the persecutors, was cast into prison and extended, bound hand and foot, on snail shells and broken earthenware. In the night, however, his bonds were loosened and he was delivered by an angel. The persecution over, he brought many to the faith of Christ by his exemplary life and teaching, and, renowned for miracles, rested in peace.

    On Mount Sinai, thirty-eight holy monks, killed by the Saracens for the faith of Christ. In Egypt, in the district of Raithy, forty- three holy monks, who were put to death by the Blemmians, for the Christian religion. Datius, bishop and confessor, mentioned by pope St. In Syria, in the time of the emperor Valens, St. Julian Sabas, the Elder, who miraculously restored at Antioch the Catholic faith, which was almost destroyed in that city. At Neoca3sarea, in Pontus, St. Macrina, disciple of St.

    Gregory Thaumaturgus, and grandmother of St. Basil, whom she brought up in the Christian faith. PAUL, the first hermit, who was carried to the home of the blessed on the tenth of this month. In the diocese of Angers, St. Maur, abbot and dis- ciple of St. He made great progress with so able a master, for while he was still under the Saint's instruction he miraculously walked upon the water a prodigy unheard of since the days of St. Sent later to France by St.

    Benedict, he built a famous monastery, which he governed for forty years, and after performing striking miracles, he rested in peace. Secundina, virgin and martyr, who suf- fered under the emperor Decius. At Cagliari, in Sardinia, St. Ephisius, martyr, who, in the persecu- tion of Diocletian and under the judge Flavian, having, by the assistance of God, overcome many tor- ments, was beheaded and ascended to heaven. At Nola, in Campania, St. At Cler- mont, in Auvergne, St. Bonitus, bishop and confes- sor. Macarius, abbot, disciple of St. Anthony, very celebrated for his life and miracles.

    Also, blessed Isidore, renowned for holiness of life, faith and miracles. For some time living unknown to his parents in a corner of their house, and later in a hut on an island in the Tiber, he was recognized by them only at his death. Being renowned for miracles, he was buried where he had died, and a church was subsequently erected in his honor in the same place. Marcellus, a martyr, for the con- fession of the Catholic faith. In this servile office, dressed in hair- cloth, he departed this life.

    Honoratus, bishop and con- fessor, whose life was renowned for learning and miracles. Titian, bishop and con- fessor. At Fundi, in Campania, St. Honoratus, abbot, mentioned by pope St. In the monastery of Peronne, St. Priscilla, who de- voted herself and her goods to the service of the martyrs. Anthony, abbot and spiritual guide of many monks. He was most celebrated for his life and miracles, of which St.

    Athanasius has written a detailed account. His sacred body was found by divine revelation, during the reign of the emperor Justinian, and brought to Alexandria, where it was buried in the church of St. At Borne, the finding of the holy mar- tyrs Diodorus, priest, Marian, deacon, and their companions. Whilst they were commemorating the birthdays of the martyrs in a sand-pit, the en- trance was closed by the persecutors, and the vault over them broken down, and they thus obtained the palm of martyrdom in the reign of pope St.

    At Bourges, the demise of St. Sulpicius, surnamed Pius, whose life and precious death are adorned with glorious miracles. At Rome, in the monastery of St. Andrew, the blessed monks Anthony, Merulus, and John, of whom pope St. Gregory speaks in his writings. This festival was instituted to commemorate the establish- ment of the Holy See at Rome. In the same place, under the emperor Claudius, the passion of St. Prisca, virgin ond martyr, who, after undergoing many torments, was crowned with martyrdom.

    In Pontus, the birthday of the holy martyrs Mo- seus and Ammonius, soldiers, who were first con- demned to work in the metal mines, and then cast into the fire. In the same country, St. At Tours, in France, St. Volusian, bishop, who was made captive by the Goths, and in exile gave up his soul to God. In the same place, St. Leobardus, anchoret, a man of wonderful abstinence and humility. Deicola, abbot, disciple of St.

    After they had been beaten with rods, tortured on the rack and with fire, lacerated with iron hooks, and had endured the cutting off of their hands, Martha was put to death in the place called Nympha, The others were beheaded and cast into the flames. Canute, king and martyr, whose birthday is the 7th of this month. At Smyrna, under Marcus Antoninus and Lucius Aure- lius, the birthday of blessed Germanicus, martyr, who, in the bloom of youth, being strengthened by the grace of God, and freed from all fear, provoked the beast which, by order of the judge, was to de- vour him.

    Being ground by its teeth, he deserved to be incorporated into the true bread of life, Christ Jesus, for whom he died. At Spoleto, in the days of the emperor Antoninus, the passion of St. Pontian, martyr, who was barbarously scourged for Christ by the command of the judge Fabian, and then compelled to walk barefoot on burning coals. As he was uninjured by the tire, he was put on the rack, was torn with iron hooks, and then thrown into a dungeon, where he was com- forted by the visit of an angel.

    He was afterwards exposed to the lions, had melted lead poured over him and finally died by the sword. Bassian, bishop and confessor, who, in conjunction with St. Ambrose, courageously combated the heretics. At Worcester, in England, St. Wulstan, bishop and confessor, conspicuous for merits and miracles.

    In the same place, in the catacombs, the martyr St. He was commander of the first cohort, under the emperor Diocletian, but for professing Christianity he was bound to a tree in the centre of a vast field, shot with arrows by the soldiers, and JANUARY. At Kicaea, in Bithynia, St. Neophytus, martyr, who, in the fifteenth year of his age, was scourged, cast into a furnace, and exposed to wild beasts; as he re- mained uninjured, and constantly confessed the faith of Christ, he was at last killed with the sword.

    Maurus, bishop, renowned for vir- tues and miracles. In Palestine, in the time of the emperor Marcian, the birthday of St. Euthymius, abbot, who adorned the Church by his zeal for Catholic discipline, and the gift of miracles. She overcame the weakness of her age, conquered the cruelty of the tyrant, and consecrated her chastity by martyrdom.

    Publius, bishop, who, as successor of St. Denis the Areopagite, nobly governed the Church of Athens. No less celebrated for the lustre of his virtues than for the brilliancy of his learning, he was gloriously crowned for hav- 22 JANUARY. At Tarragona, in Spain, during the reign of Gallienus, the holy mar- tyrs Fructuosus, bishop, Augurius and Eulogius, deacons, who, after being thrown into prison, were cast into the fire, where their bonds being burnt, they extended their arms in the form of a cross, and con- summated their martyrdom in prayer.

    On their anniversary, St. Augustine preached a sermon to his people. Patroclus, martyr, who won the crown of martyrdom under the emperor Aurelian. In the monastery of Keichenau, St. Meinrad, hermit, who was killed by brigands. Epiphanius, bishop and confessor. Vincent, deacon and martyr, who, after suffering imprisonment, hunger, the tor- ture, the disjointing of his limbs ; after being burned with plates of heated metal and on the gridiron, and tormented in other ways, took his flight to heaven, there to receive the reward of martyrdom. His noble triumph over his sufferings has been elegantly set forth in verse by Prudentius, and highly eulo- gized by St.

    Augustine and pope St. At Rome, at Aqua3 Salviae, St. He had sent before him to martyrdom seventy of his companions, who were precipitated into rivers. His head was brought to Kome, together with his venerable likeness, by the sight of which the demons are expelled, and dis- eases cured, as is attested by the Acts of the second council of Nicaea. At Embrun, in France, the holy martyrs Vincent, Orontius, and Victor, who were crowned with martyrdom in the persecution of Diocletian.

    Gaudentius, bishop and confessor. At Sora, the abbot St. Dominic, re- nowned for miracles. His " birthday is the 7th of January. At Kome, the holy virgin and martyr Emerentiana. Being yet only a catechumen, she was stoned to death by the Gentiles, whilst praying at the tomb of St. At Philippi, in Macedonia, St. Parmenas, one of the first seven deacons, who by the grace of God faithfully discharging the office of preaching committed to him, obtained the glory of martyrdom in the time of Trajan.

    At Caesarea, in Mauritania Morocco , the holy martyrs Severian and his wife Aquila, who were consumed by fire. At Antinous, a city of Egypt, St. Asclas, martyr, who, after various torments, was thrown into a river and gave up his precious soul to God. At Ancyra, in Galatia, St. After having fre- quently endured torments, he finally completed his martyrdom under Diocletian. Agathangelus, who suffered on the same day, under the governor Lucius. John the Almoner, bishop of that city, most cele- brated for his charity towards the poor.

    Ildefonsus, bishop, who, on account of his great purity of life, and his defense of the virginity of the Mother of God against the heretics who impugned it, received from her a brilliant white vestment, and being renowned for sanctity, was called to heaven. In the Province of Valeria, St. Martyrius, monk, mentioned by pope St. Paul, who ordained him bishop of Ephesus.

    After many combats for Christ, he was stoned for reprehending those who offered sacrifices to Diana, and shortly after went peacefully to his rest in the Lord. At Antioch, in the persecution of Decius, the bishop St. Three boys whom he had instructed in the faith of Christ, Urbanus, Philidian, Epolonius, are said to have suffered with him. At Neocaesarea, the holy martyrs Mardonius, Musonius, Eugenius, and Metellus, who were burned to death, their remains being thrown into the river.

    At Foligno, in the time of Decius, St. Felician, consecrated bishop of that city by pope Victor. After many labors, he was crowned with martyrdom in extreme old age. Also, the holy martyrs Thyrsus and Projectus. Zamas, the first bishop of that city, who was consecrated by pope St. Denis, and there won- derfully propagated the Christian faith. Also, blessed Suranus, abbot, who lived in the time of the Lombards. Paul the Apostle, which happened the second year after the Ascension of our Lord.

    At Damascus, the birthday of St. Ana- nias, who baptized that apostle. After he had preached the Gospel at Damascus, Eleutheropolis, and elsewhere, he was scourged under the judge Licinius, had his flesh torn, and lastly being over- whelmed with stones, ended his martyrdom. On their birthday, St. John Chrysostom preached a sermon to his people. At Clermont, in Auvergne, the Saints Projectus, bishop, and Marinus, a man of God, who were mur- dered by the leading men of that city.

    Also, the holy martyrs Donatus, Sabinus, and Agape. At Tomis, in Scythia, St. Bretannion, bishop, who by his great sanctity, and his zeal for the Catholic faith, shone in the Church, under the Arian emperor Valens, whom he opposed with fortitude. At Arras, in France, St. Poppo, abbot, renowned for miracles. John, who consecrated him bishop of that city and Primate of all Asia.

    No Account?

    After- wards, under Marcus Antoninus and Lucius Aure- lius Commodus, whilst the proconsul was sitting in judgment, and all the people in the amphitheatre were clamoring against him, he was condemned to the flames. But as he received no injury from them, he was transpierced with a sword, and thus received the crown of martyrdom.

    With him suffered in the same city twelve others from Philadelphia. At Bethlehem of Juda, the demise of St. Paula, widow, mother of St. Eustochium, virgin of Christ, who abandoned her worldly prospects, though she was descended from a noble line of sena- tors, distributed her goods to the poor, and retired to the manger of our Lord, where, adorned with many virtues, and crowned with a long martyrdom, she departed for the kingdom of heaven. Her ad- mirable life was written by St.

    In the diocese of Paris, the saintly queen Bathildis, illus- trious by her sanctity and glorious miracles. He greatly promoted the interests of the Christian religion by his preaching and exem- plary life, and after many toils, closed his life in banishment.

    His sacred body was brought to Con- stantinople on this day, in the reign of Theodosius the younger; it was afterwards taken to Rome and placed in the basilica of the Prince of the Apostles. This illustrious preacher of the Word of God Pius X. Thus did he win the crown of martyrdom. In the same country, the holy martyrs, Datius, Reatrus, and their companions, who suffered in the persecution of the Vandals. Also, the holy martyrs Dativus, Julian, Vincent, and twenty-seven others.

    Thursday, January 6, Why you should be reading the Roman Martyrology. January 7 th , The bringing back of the Child Jesus from Egypt. Raymond of Pennafort died on January 6 th , his feast is celebrated today though, in years past it was kept on January 23 rd — the reason for this move, of course, is that January 6 th is the feast of the Epiphany, at least in any country where the Bishops recall what the twelve days of Christmas are all about.

    Lucian, a priest of the Church of Antioch, died today in Nicomedia, having suffered under Maximian Galerius. This is the same Lucian whom St. Moreover, at Antioch, the deacon St. Clerus who was tortured seven times and suffered long in prison, was beheaded on this day and so consummated his martyrdom. Of course, we recall the martyrs Felix and Januarius, who gave up the ghost in Heraclea. This is the celestial birthday of both St. Julian, martyr and also, in Denmark, St.

    Canute who was both a king and martyr. Then there are the bishops Crispin, who died in Pavia, and, in Dacia, Nicetas — both holy confessors. Also, there is the holy monk Theodore, who, in Egypt, flourished in holiness in the time of Constantine the Great, and of whom St. Athanasius makes mention in his life of St. And elsewhere many other holy martyrs, confessors and holy virgins.

    Because I have read my Martyrology, I am able to pray to all these holy saints of God today. What is more, I am inspired by the examples of these martyrs and confessors — they help me to recognize that I have only just begun to give myself over to the Lord. Additionally, I have found the topic of my morning meditation — today, Mother Church commemorates the bringing back of the Child Jesus from Egypt. Biblical Figures in the Roman Martyrology.