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Future proofing telecommunications provisions is widely considered to mean using optical fibre, which involves laying cables, often via the road network. It is accepted that not every premises in the Intervention Area will be served by fibre as it would be very costly, especially in very remote areas. The final figure is likely to be the subject of negotiation with Department officials and may also change during the course of the network rollout. It will be important that the fibre rollout is as extensive and far reaching as possible given the long-term implications of the build.
A Future Proofed Network At a recent conference, Helene Graham, an independent telecommunications consultant, previously with Eir , noted that when making the announcement in , Minister Rabitte set out a plan that was going to improve telecommunications for everyone in Ireland, no matter how far and remote. You might also like Preliminary results of Census for Co Roscommon. Enterprise in the Western Region Employment by economic sector in western counties: Developing a Strategy for the Northern and Western Region.
Educational attainment in the Western Region. County labour markets in the Western Region: The South African market is in the process of being dramatically restructured, moving away from old-style, vertically integrated segments under the Telecommunications Act and Telecommunications Amendment Act towards horizontal service layers, and the new-style licensing regime is being converted to accommodate this.
Licenses are also required for radio frequency spectrum, except for very low power devices. South Africa had an estimated 6 million internet users in and the number of fixed wireless and wireline broadband subscribers is estimated at , Telkom reported , ADSL subscribers Q3 , with the remainder using wireless broadband networks. While the internet user base increased to an estimated 6 million in , the growth curve of paying internet accounts is recognized to be flattening.
Meanwhile, the number of broadband subscribers is estimated to have grown quickly to reach about ,, split between Telkom's ADSL service , subscribers by 30 September , and broadband wireless services provided by WBS, Sentech and others. Dial-up subscribers are migrating to broadband, and then escalating to higher-bandwidth packages as they become available. The South African market is split into two main tiers: ISPs are licensed as value-added network service VANS providers, although under the Electronic Communications Act of , these licenses were converted in January to individual or class electronic communication service ECS licenses.
All domestic ISPs gain international connectivity through one of the internet access providers: Following the deregulation of the VANS industry in South Africa, a number of leading operators have diversified from being a top-tier ISP to becoming a converged communications service provider offering a range of voice and data services, particularly voice over IP , through the conversion of VANS licenses into ECS licenses.
The total number of wireless broadband subscribers overtook that of fixed broadband subscribers in South Africa during The total number of broadband subscribers is estimated at , by late , of which Telkom reported , ADSL subscribers. Sentech had about 4, MyWireless subscribers in , up from 2, in With delays to local loop unbundling LLU , which would give ISPs access to exchanges, operators are deploying a range of broadband wireless networks.
The data sector is a key area for growth in both the corporate data and residential data markets. South Africa is currently served by two submarine cables: Contracts have been awarded for the following three additional submarine cables that will land in South Africa from June The government is also studying a number of policies for the effective implementation of the National Broadband strategy.
The Digital 21 Strategy was first published in by the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to set out the government's vision of developing Hong Kong into a leading digital city. As a living document, updated in and , it has taken into account the evolving needs of the community and technological advancements. The edition notes that Hong Kong offers the world's most affordable Internet connection and mobile phone services with penetration rates among the highest in the world. Cyberport and Hong Kong Science Park have been developed as strategic hubs bringing together clusters of high-tech information and communications technology ICT companies and professional talent from all over the world.
The Government is pursuing a vigorous e-government program that has achieved good progress over the years. The Digital 21 Strategy sets out a vision of building on Hong Kong's position as a world digital city through advancing our achievements and seizing new opportunities. The realization of the Digital 21 Strategy vision requires the participation of the entire community including the ICT industry, business sectors, academia and the general public.
As an integral part of the Strategy, key indicators of Hong Kong's ICT development will be measured and tracked over time for public reference.
The Office of the Government Chief Information Officer OGCIO is the focal point in the Government for dialogue with the public on the Strategy, for coordinating with all parties within the Government on its implementation and for tracking progress on an annual basis. In addition to the high prices, many providers have introduced a Fair Usage Policy on "Unlimited" plans, while data plans still have very low data transfer limits typically 5—80 GB after which speed is reduced. In April , Indonesian telecommunication officials announced the start of an auction process for 2.
Only companies or their subsidiaries that are majority Indonesian-owned are able to compete per the Investment Law and accompanying Negative List. Indonesian officials plan to hold future auctions for the 3. No date is set for these future auctions. The official added that a majority Indonesian-owned subsidiary of Indosat could still participate in the auction. It stated that the private sector is to play the leading role in information technology, and the government 's role is to implement an environment in which markets function smoothly through the promotion of fair competition and removal of unnecessary regulations.
It also stated that government must play an active role in areas in which the private sector's activities do not fulfill the goals of facilitating e-government, closing the digital divide and promoting research and development. The e-Japan program extended tax incentives and budgetary support for carriers building fiber optic networks. Japan reached this goal with a broadband household penetration rate of The loans were made through the Development Bank of Japan and the Telecommunications Advancement Organisation, both of which were largely funded by the government of Japan.
Its goal is to achieve a ubiquitous network society in which anything and anyone can easily access networks and freely transmit information from anywhere at any time by MIC is reviewing its regulations regarding broadband as part of its work towards achieving that goal.
National Broadband Plan (United States) - Wikipedia
The plan was intended to cost The central government will put up 1. The project is also expected to create more than , jobs — a win for the Korean economy. In November , the government had announced it would invest The government aims to upgrade a total of 20 million subscriber lines—10 million lines for fixed and wireless services each.
The government is expecting industry to contribute funds toward the national upgrading project. The decision to focus on broadband began in the mids and intensified after South Korea's economy was crippled by the collapse of the Asian financial markets in , when policy makers targeted technology as a key sector for restoring the country's economic health.
Korean regulators set a path for the industry with well-publicized national goals. All big office and apartment buildings would be given a fiber connection by By , 30 percent of households would have broadband access through DSL or cable lines. Most of the country's consumers were already served by the dominant carrier Korea Telecom , but the government encouraged competitors with a low-interest loan program for companies that built their own broadband facilities. The government offered other incentives for Korea Telecom. Once a state-owned monopoly, the company began the transition to private hands in But the government, which retained some shares until , allowed the process to become final only on the condition that Korea Telecom bring broadband to all the villages in the country.
The government also offered Internet training for the portion of the population deemed likely to be left behind in the digital age. About 10 million people fell into this category in the first round of the government's initiative, including stay-at-home wives, military personnel , disabled citizens, and even prison inmates. That program was ultimately expanded to anyone who wanted it.
In a consortium that included the now defunct Ministry of Information and Communication, and private sector telecommunication and cable firms including KT, Hanaro Telecommunications, and others started to build a major infrastructure project called the Broadband Convergence Network BcN. This infrastructure has been launched as a three-phase project. The first phase of the BcN extended from through , the second phase extended from through , and the third phase extended from through The timeline for the project has since been extended.
The technology is designed to work without a lot of consumer intervention. The combination of mobile broadband with Wi-Fi works seamlessly as well. Currently, smartphones can use Wi-Fi or mobile data, but not both at the same time While mobile operators cope with spectrum and capacity issues, HNIS can reduce the load on wireless networks, without creating a hassle for wireless customers who used to register with every Wi-Fi service they encountered.
As SK expands the technology to its 4G networks, theoretical maximum speeds will increase to Mbps. See heterogenous network for more on the technology. The Broadband plan would bring larger, high speed communication pipes that would allow Lebanese citizens to have faster access to information and change the way they live, work, play, and learn.
Lebanon's outdated communications infrastructure puts Lebanese industry at a competitive disadvantage, costing jobs, decreasing revenue, and slowing economic growth.
The Partnership for Lebanon is working with the Lebanese government and business leaders to modernize Lebanon's communications infrastructure through innovation and investment. In so doing, the Partnership is helping Lebanon update technology, reduce connectivity costs, and improve ICT quality across the board. The Partnership is working specifically with the Telecommunications Regulatory Agency TRA to develop a national broadband strategy designed to bring broadband to Lebanon's urban and rural communities.
As part of this effort, the Partnership is conducting broadband business analysis, developing network architecture options, and crafting a regulatory framework to facilitate the successful implementation of a modern communications infrastructure. The Partnership is also working with the government owned telecom operator, Ogero, to increase Lebanon's international bandwidth capacity.
The Partnership has provided Ogero with an Internet Exchange Point and is assembling the equipment needed to install two state of the art International Internet Gateways. To help educate local stakeholders about the benefits of a modern communications infrastructure, the Partnership and in coordination with the LBSG Committee which represents economic councils, private sector leaders and professional assiociations, launched a recent Advertising Campaign. The objective of this campaign is to raise awareness and educate the Lebanese public on the need of a True Broadband Infrastructure in Lebanon.
The True Broadband Infrastructure will encourage economic growth and social development. The campaign second objective is to drive people to sign the manifesto. BBGP via both wired and wireless modes is deployed nationwide while HSBB available only through the wired mode will only initially be concentrated in the Klang Valley, Iskandar Malaysia and key industrial zones throughout the country. It is expected that 1. The network will be open to all service providers , threatening SingTel and StarHub's market dominance.
The government will not prevent companies from building their own networks, however. Bidding is taking place in two stages — first, for the passive infrastructure, and then for the active infrastructure. It will be provided free for all Singapore residents and visitors till 31 March Over the past ten years, the Taiwan authorities have pursued a series of ICT infrastructure development projects, beginning with the "E-Government" initiative in that aimed to create more efficient, networked public services.
By the end of , there were six million broadband internet accounts in Taiwan. Some of the nation's most powerful telecommunications executives and the regulatory agency, Nation Telecommunications Union NTC , met for the first time on 2 July to formulate a plan for Meaningful Broadband. The plan calls for interacting with Prime Minister, and a spectrum of Thai ministries to establish the role of broadband in achieving public-policy reforms in the Abhisit government. The report rejects the path to broadband favored by Singapore and other advanced nations which serves affluent citizens who can afford high speed internet.
By bringing 28 million of these MOP Thais into subsidized meaningful mobile broadband applications, Smith predicts a "wealth effect" that could bring equity and sustainability to the Thai economy. Responding to the framework, Khun Supachai called was one of several members of the group that advocated a follow up study that would prepare for a meeting with Prime Minister Abhisit along with ministers of Finance, Education, ICT and other relevant parties.
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On 15 September , the Minister for Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Senator Stephen Conroy , announced fundamental reforms to Australian's telecommunications landscape. The new network will provide fiber optic to the home and workplace, supplemented with next generation wireless and satellite technologies to deliver superfast broadband services. Again in April , the Government released a discussion paper entitled "National Broadband Network: Regulatory Reform for 21st Century Broadband".
It outlines the method of establishing the NBN and also sketches general regulatory reforms to assist the market in the future. To facilitate fiber build-out, the government will simplify land right of way procedures. The Australian Government had previously in planned to subsidize a privately operated fiber-to-the-node project. The collapse of capital markets altered that plan.
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