In one, he falls to dust and dies, in another, he transforms into a crane and flies up to the sky. In another, he grows gills and leaps into the sea, whereby he regains his youth. In another version Urashima ate a magic pill that gave him the ability to breathe underwater. In another version, he is swept away by a storm before he can rescue the turtle. More recent editions of these texts tend to favor the "Ura no Shimako" reading,  although some consider this debatable. It has also been proposed that it was not until the Heian Period that the misreading "Urashima no ko" became current, because names with the suffix -ko "child" came to be regarded as female, even though it once applied to either gender.
As for the relative dating of these texts, an argument has been advanced that places the Fudoki version as the oldest. Urashimako catches a five-coloured turtle and keeps it in his boat, and during his sleep, the creature transforms into a beautiful woman.
Cultural depictions of cats
They are greeted by first seven, then eight children, who represent the constellations of Pleiades and Taurus or more precisely the Hyades cluster   who address him as the "husband of Kame Hime Princess Turtle ". After three years, the man develops a longing for his parents and homeland. Forgetting the promise, he opens the box, whereupon a beautiful figure like a fragrant orchid is carried away to the heavens with the clouds, and he realizes he can never meet the princess again.
Aston 's translation assigns this the year A. The entry states that Urashimako child Urashima, child of Urashima, etc. The piece is ascribed to Takahashi no Mushimaro. Basil Hall Chamberlain indicated the presence of a temple dedicated to Urashima at Kanagawa-ku, Yokohama , which housed several relics such as Urashima's fishing-line, and the casket tamatebako. The old Urashima-dera sat on a mountain top. There is a circulating pamphlet which shows the view of the harbor from this vantage point, depicting the fleet of Black Ships led by Commodore Perry 's fleet in — But the father moved to Tango Province.
He finally found the grave, thanks to Princess Oto-hime who lit up an illuminating light on a pine branch. The hut later became Kampuku-ji temple. She leads him to the Dragon Palace.
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Three months pass and the man wishes to return, but the goddess reveals 33 generations have already passed in his absence. The man receives a folded-up piece of paper he is forbidden from unwrapping, but he opens this packet and a piece of white hair clings to him, turning him into an old man, and he dies. He was enshrined at the place which was named Usani-daki, because the man had "sat and reposed" usani in his despair. Similar tales are found on Miyako-jima and other places. But he turned out not to have died a mortals death, and lived on.
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This legend originated in near-modern times, from the late Muromachi to Edo periods. He and Tamayori-hime fall in love. She is very much a mortal, but after she commits suicide in Ina River tributary of Kiso River , she becomes transformed into a supernatural being serving the Dragon Palace. Note the "catching of the turtle" scene is transposed from ocean to a river in the mountains.
The story bears varying degrees of similarity to folktales from other cultures. Rip Van Winkle is the foremost familiar example, although strictly speaking this cannot be called a "folktale", since it is a fictional work by Washington Irving loosely based on folklore. This pair of tales may not be the closest matching among the motif group. Writing in the 19th century, Lafcadio Hearn suggested that Irving wrote another piece called "The Adelantado of the Seven Cities", based on Portuguese tradition, which bore an even stronger resemblance to Urashima. That Chinese analogue is the anecdote of the woodcutter Wang Zhi, [ae] who after watching immortals playing a board game discovers many years have passed.
A shrine on the western coast of the Tango Peninsula in northern Kyoto Prefecture , named Urashima Jinja, contains an old document describing a man, Urashimako, who left his land in A.
He returned in A. Ten days later he opened the box, and a cloud of white smoke was released, turning Urashimako into an old man. Later that year, after hearing the story, Emperor Junna ordered Ono no Takamura to build a shrine to commemorate Urashimako's strange voyage, and to house the Tamatebako and the spirit of Urashimako. The story influenced various works of fiction and a number of films. Choudenshi Bioman includes references to Urashima in its episode In the video game Ape Escape 2 one of the unlockable monkey fables is called "Apeshima Taro" and is a parody of the tale, featuring monkeys.
Also, in the game Disgaea 4 , the Fishermen Pirate that appears in the Item World references the story as he enters upon a giant turtle shell stating "I'm sorry princess, I didn't mean to open the box". Mobile phone brand au have used Urashima Taro character in their commercials. It has been adapted in Eichiro Oda's best selling manga One Piece, where in the fishman arc, the Queen of Fishman island has been named Otohime, a monster has been named Wadatsumi, legendary box Tamatebako has been mentioned which in the manga has been said to contain pills which grant you strength initially, but after that turns you old and weak.
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This article is about the Japanese folklore figure. In the 2nd edition it was entirely in katakana. Although the story in the 2nd edition was earlier, Miura's analysis concentrated on the 3rd edition, as it was more widely read. Immediately the servant fires a sacred arrow, hitting the cat in its head. When the cat is lying dead on the floor, all inhabitants can see that the cat has two tails and therefore had become a nekomata.
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With the death of the demon-cat the poltergeist-activities end. Cats are often associated with death in Japan, and this particular spirit is often blamed. Far darker and malevolent than most bakeneko, the nekomata is said to have powers of necromancy, and upon raising the dead, will control them with ritualistic dances — gesturing with paw and tail. The older, and the more badly treated a cat has been before its transformation, the more power the nekomata is said to have. To gain revenge against those who have wronged it, the spirit may haunt humans with visitations from their dead relatives.
Like bakeneko, some tales state how these demons have taken on human appearance — but have usually appeared as older women, behaving badly in public and bringing gloom and malevolence wherever they travelled. Sometimes the tails of kittens were cut off as a precaution as it was thought that if their tails could not fork, they could not become nekomata. From this discernment and strange characteristics, nekomata have been considered devilish ones from time immemorial. Due to fears and folk beliefs such as the dead resurrecting at a funeral, or that seven generations would be cursed as a result of killing a cat, it is thought that the legend of the nekomata was born.
In the Hyakkai Zukan published in Gembun 2 , there was a depiction of a nekomata taking on the appearance of a human female playing a shamisen , but since shamisen in the Edo period were frequently made by using the skins of cats, the nekomata played the shamisen and sang a sad song about its own species,  and has been interpreted as a kind of irony etc. This is where leopard cats that grow old gain a divine spiritual power, and they would shapeshift into a beautiful man or woman and suck the spirit out of humans. There is the theory that the legends of nekomata of Japan come from tales of the senri.