Scientists chose these two, because both require large areas and are especially sensitive to habitat destruction and other human pressures. To conservation planners they are known as umbrella species. In other words, if a landscape is large enough for jaguars and white-lipped peccaries, it will likely support most other mammals.
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To count jaguars and white-lipped peccaries, scientists placed camera traps in four widely separated study areas in the largely intact forest of the Madre de Dios region in southern Peru. The area contains a large number of protected areas—National Parks, Indigenous Reserves, private conservation concessions and forestry concessions that allow only selective logging—but as humans continue to press into this primeval forest in growing numbers, these protected areas will become more and more isolated from each other. Forestry concessions, where some timber harvesting is allowed, may prove vital as corridors connecting national parks and other conservation areas together.
None of the individual conservation areas are, by themselves, large enough to support the continuation of jaguars in the region, making connectivity vital. The results of the study are cautiously encouraging; the populations are healthy with numbers higher than expected, including an estimate of around 6, jaguars in three of the study areas.
Males travel over larger areas and can mate with multiple females. An earlier study in the area adjacent to the one in Madre de Dios found smaller population numbers. While this could be due to higher hunting of jaguars and their prey species, it could also be due to more rigorous research methods, including more camera traps used in the current study. Only recently technologies such as camera traps and GPS collars became available that now allow us to better study this species," Tobler explains. Right now, the research is still preliminary and needs to be continued and expanded.
In the future, the project hopes to look at indigenous reserves as well as the longer-term effects of logging and other impacts on the region. Although their biggest threat is not hunting nor capturing, it is that their land is being taken over by human civilization. Because they are solitary and territorial, they need a lot of land to survive. A male will need around 20 square miles to live, and will not overlap land with another male ocelot. This is why their species are being threatened by the habitation of humans.
The Sumatran tiger, aka the Indonesia tiger, is one of the rarest of all tigers, and considered critically endangered with less than in the wild. They are only found on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Not only are they the rarest, but also the smallest of the tigers, weighing to pounds.
They are becoming extinct in large part due to deforestation, as well as poaching.
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Indonesia has placed very strict laws protecting these beautiful animals. Unfortunately, poachers manage to kill many each year regardless. Poachers will often sell tiger parts and products in the black market in Sumatra and the rest of Asia. In , they estimated that there were one thousand Sumatran tigers left in the wild, which shows you the vast decline in a little over 30 years, which is more than double of how many are still alive in the wild today.
Bengal tigers have relatively short lives.
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They live about 8 to 10 years in the wild. They are also the largest members of the cat family, even larger than lions. They are very powerful and weigh anywhere from to pounds. Their tails are two to three feet long, while their bodies are twice that at around 5 to 6 feet long. Along with their strong bodies, they have powerful voices. Their roars can be heard as far away as two miles. There used to be eight subspecies of tigers. Three have become extinct in the last one hundred years, due to hunting and destruction of the rainforest. There are less than 2, Bengal tigers left in the wild.
It is believed that over a hundred years ago, there were hundreds of thousands of these beautiful beasts. Bengal tigers live in India and are also known as Indian tigers. They are the most common of all tigers, making up half the amount in the world today, which is why it is a shame that even the Bengal tigers are endangered. Like their ocelot and jaguar relatives, they also live alone and need a large amount of land to survive.
They eat buffalo, deer, and wild pig. They usually live with their mothers for the first two or three years, which is a large percentage of their lives. With so many animals that are endangered, it is important that we take care of our world. We need to make sure that we are recycling when possible. Many schools in your area may have recycling programs where they recycle paper. Some even will recycle tin cans and other items. Also, make sure to use as little of wood products as possible, in order to prevent any further deforestation.
One way to avoid using products from trees is by using things that can be reused; such as using a towel rather than paper towels when drying your hands. As a result of the tree byproducts that you cannot prevent from using, make sure to plant trees that will make up for the ones you use. There is only so much that you are capable of doing on your own. There are many great organizations that help endangered animals. One of my favorite organizations is the Worldwildlife. You not only are giving money to research in helping that animal, but you also receive a photo of your animal as well as some great facts.
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Are there little wild cats in the rainforest? Jaguars actually live all over.
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Some can even be found on the North, Central, and South American continents, but yes, most do live in the Amazon rainforest as well. Cheetahs, on the other hand, live mostly in sub-Saharan Africa. They like dry land, as opposed to the rich Amazon rainforest. Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. It is interesting and need a lot more to learn because I am in 9 class and need a more classic owlcation.
Hopefully the population would grow and people with stop destroying trees. Also this article is awesome! A very important consideration - if we don't take measures to protect them within the next decade, our children's children will never know what a leopard looks like in real life. What a wonderful hub and voted up plus shared. I wish you a great day and look forward to so many more. I am very sad to know that there are many endangered animals. I like big cats very much and feel sorry for them. When I grow up I will try my best to save them. Angela, thank you so much for writing this hub.
I'm very concerned about endangered wildlife, and you've publicized the plight of these wild cats very well. I love the beautiful photos and all the detailed facts in your hub. I love cats, even these wild, big cats. The photos do make them looks so regal. I hate that they have to suffer at the hands of such careless predators. Thanks for the informative hub. This is a great hub but it is too bad that in only one hundred years three of the eight subspecies of tigers have become extinct and some of the rest are endangered species.
The photos really add to this hub especially the one of the ocelot. Voted up and useful. Thanks for sharing it. Love all the tigers and wild animals. When we lived in France a friend had an Ocelot. I did a painting of it..
Adaptations of Animals in the Tropical Rain Forest
So this brought back some memories. Thanks for the beautiful photos and interesting information. I love big cats and really hate to see how they are being destroyed. For some people, the love of money out weighs anything else. Great information and your choice of pictures is beautiful. Voting this up and awesome!
Have a great day!