It is the Bible. The entire New Testament was written by an apostle, or a close associate. All the authors of the NT were personal eye-witnesses to the resurrection of Jesus Christ. So "to continue steadfastly," means to keep walking in the Truth. It means to be growing in the grace and knowledge of Jesus Christ.
These people had "gladly received the Word of Truth. It means the teachings of the apostles; of those who had walked and talked with Jesus, and had been called for this special purpose.
The Apostles' Doctrine
The apostles had been given great revelation from God. They passed it on to the church. We see here that God uses people. He is in charge, of course, by His Holy Spirit. But all of us need articulation and explanation we can understand. So despite the fact that the Holy Spirit is really the One who is doing all of it, God uses people as instruments. The apostles were the first of these, and once they all died, there were never any other apostles.
Whosoever transgresses, and abides not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God. He that abides in the doctrine of Christ, he hath both the Father and the Son. If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into your house, neither bid him God speed: For he that bids him God speed is partaker of his evil deeds.
Note the words of John carefully. He is not merely saying, "You must talk about Jesus in correct doctrinal terms. Both those things ARE necessary. But John is saying more. In those days, church was held in houses. Thus, when John says not to receive these false teachers "into your house," he is warning against making room for such ones in any church. Furthermore, John says we should not "bid him God speed.
To bid someone, "God speed," means to affirm them, and to wish them well in their false teaching and heresy! John is not talking about those who are ignorant, or even deceived, if they are open to the Truth. There is nothing to work with in some people. They must not be given place in the church. If we were to follow the commands of the Bible, the landscape of our churches would change in a hurry.
There would be a big upheaval to be sure. But it would adjust things back to where they need to be: Centered in Jesus Christ. And of course, HOW we might be saved through Him. It is what the apostles taught by the authority of Christ through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, as recorded in the New Testament. Jesus said to Peter: To the twelve He said: The apostles' doctrine is not something they invented themselves. It is in complete agreement with the determination of God.
Through divine guidance the apostles established doctrines and practices for the church, nothing other than what God had established in heaven. Through divine inspiration the apostles also revoked certain things, such as the Old Covenant, things God had also revoked in heaven. When Jesus gave the seventy-two prophetic power and sent them out to preach, He said: One trick of some false teachers is to claim that we must listen to the words of Jesus in the Gospels, but that we do not have to obey the teaching of the apostles in the later books.
But in the Gospels Jesus says we must listen to His apostles and that we reject Him if we reject their words. Only a portion of the doctrine of Christ was made known during His ministry on earth. After His ascension He revealed many additional teachings to the apostles through the Holy Spirit. Most of these entered the ministry a short time later. Among the converts were members of the Carroll, Gill, Hughes and Hastings families who went on to fill important roles in the new movement.
Other successful missions followed in Cloughjordan, Roscrea and many other small Irish towns and villages, which resulted in many more recruits aligning themselves with Irvine also. Some applied to the Faith Mission; some were accepted and others rejected.
Meanwhile, it is obvious that someone was directing traffic and running the operation behind the scenes. Someone was arranging for special all-day meetings and conventions. Up until , that person was Wm Irvine, at which time Ed Cooney joined him, and came to be viewed by many as the co-leader—especially in his native County Fermanagh. Someone was assigning and moving the new workers around, developing the evolving doctrine and encouraging unity. Accounts of John Long and Goodhand Pattison. At times, both Cooney and Irvine sent workers to John Long for training.
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From thru Long trained or preached with at least 12 male workers. Irvine had been loosely superintending his converts who became workers up until the time he united them into one body in When he left the Faith Mission, Irvine was already the leader of 28 workers: Here a number of independent workers united into a single group with workers already working under Irvine and agreed to submit to Wm.
However, he fails to overtly repudiate the overwhelming evidence that shows that Irvine was the Founder. In the senior workers banded together, decided they would no longer allow Wm. Irvine to be their leader and refused to submit to him any longer. The Jesus Way was stolen, confiscated, misappropriated. I remember seeing and hearing you take it over in my presence. How important was Wm Irvine?
Would the 2x2 ministry and church have been started without him? There would have been no Testimony In sworn testimony, early worker Wilson McClung stated: Others followed him June 21, Impartial Reporter. Were you the Founder of this sect? I cast in my lot with him as a fellow-preacher and preached a good deal in the north of Ireland. Jaenen had been laying the groundwork for his theory that several groups joined together simultaneously to show that the 2x2 movement was not founded by one man named William Irvine. He presents the following seven groups: Irvine took a group of several Faith Mission workers with him and together they started a new religious movement.
The names of the others were: None of these became leading workers. If any other Faith Mission workers had left around the same general time as Irvine and Kelly did, it would be consistent for their names to also be shown in the same manner, but this was not the case. William Irvine , who was the Faith Mission superintendent in southern Ireland, and his companion John Kelly , had also begun to work somewhat independently. The years these men entered the work have been added to the above quotes [according to the List of First Workers, July, ].
Irvine was older, invariably cast in the role of leader and driving force, and presumably both led the study and directed its course. Irvine officially left Faith Mission in January , but was preaching independently long before that Bright Words Sept Ed Cooney did not become a Worker until June, Boles, Gill and Sullivan were not enlisted as workers until John Long resigned as a Methodist colporteur in November, and on January 1, , he started out as an independent evangelist preaching on Faith Lines.
He remained a Methodist until November, , but his ministry was not affiliated with a particular group or church. After his excommunication in , he returned to preaching on Faith Lines as an independent Evangelist for the remainder of his life, and is considered one of the important influences in the development of British Pentecostalism. This was followed by an all-day meeting on the Feast of St. Stephen at Nenagh, which is sometimes cited as the moment of consolidation of the various contributing elements. View photo Their names and the dates they entered the work are: The Bicycle group was an experimental mission.
It was not a coalescing event or a joining of forces. Douglas and Hastings did not become workers. Irvine was associated with the Faith Mission, while also preaching along independent lines. No source given by Jaenen.
On the other hand, G. Pattison wrote about many who attended the all-day St. Within three years of joining forces, their assembly produced six persons who sold their possessions and went into the ministry. At this time, some of the lay people, as well as the itinerants, did some evangelizing. Robert Parker of Springfield, for example, held a mission in Rosculton which resulted in a number of converts being won. The Derrygonnelly group was made up of two men by the names of Robert Hamilton and David Donaldson--plus six unnamed persons.
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When asked to provide the source of this information, Jaenen replied that this group had no connection to William Irvine: Unfortunately, it was only after the publication of my book that I realized I should have included a section on these Wesleyan Methodist restorationists. Hamilton, a farmer, and D. Donaldson, a grocer, ever entered the full-time itinerant ministry. Robert Parker, it appears, did hold some home meetings in Springfield and Rosculton, and he died at a young age leaving a wife and six children.
In any case, this group had no connection with William Irvine in coming into fellowship with other groups. The Todds left Faith Mission in November, to start their own independent mission. Robert Todd, from Oldpark Presbyterian Church in Belfast, who had been active Pilgrims, abandoned the Faith Mission practice of directing converts to various evangelical churches or chapels and began organizing their own assemblies under the Irish Christian Workers Union, an association of several groups.
Once they arrived, they embarked upon evangelizing what was then an untouched mission field to persuade others to join their existing newly founded church. There are some who agree with him. On the other hand, many others have reviewed the available material and have arrived at an entirely different conclusion. It is not surprising that Walker omitted saying anything about Irvine, given that at this time most of the American membership had been kept in the dark that Irvine had ever existed.
In his statement to the government, Walker did not lie--he merely failed to give all the facts or mention Irvine. By , Walker was one of a group of overseers who excommunicated Wm Irvine. In retelling the story of his participation in the first mission to bring the Two by Two gospel to the Americas in , Walker failed to mention the names of the two workers who accompanied him. When pressed as to their identities, he still would not mention Irvine by name—only allowing that one of those workers Irvine later went off the rails.
This eventually gave rise to questions of origins and founders…The Irish revivals produced a similar situation because leadership was collective and evangelization was not carried out by individuals. The leadership consisted of a single man, the Chief Overseer named Wm Irvine who supervised senior ministers worldwide. As the head, he had the power to make heads roll, and he did, during the 20 or so years he was the head.
Who selected the senior ministers around the world? How did they obtain their offices? To whom did they answer and report? Who was the authority over all the members? It was one man, Wm Irvine, and none of those under him doubted it. In sworn testimony, Wilson McClung stated: I myself was a Civil Servant in Dublin. I resigned my post, sold all that I had and gave to the poor, and went out to preach.
Justice Darling—Were you the founder of this sect? I cast in my lot with him as a fellow-preacher, and preached a good deal in the north of Ireland. Jaenen mentions these groups and individuals in very vague and general terms without referencing any role or action taken by them. The Derrygonnelly group should be disregarded as it was not associated with the Two-by-Twos. The Bicycle group disintegrated. Even more fatal to the idea of multiple founders is evidence Jaenen has ignored and omitted in his book, i. It represents a remarkable degree of disconnection that a group that has consistently denied having ANY human founder could be persuaded to consider an alternate rationalization that it was instead some supposed group of people who were the founders or finders of the Two by Two church.
Irvine was the Founder. Jaenen acknowledges that a man named William Irvine claimed to have personally founded the 2x2 movement and that there are some who believe that he did. For years, there were very few 2x2s living outside the British Isles who knew about the events leading up to the formation of the Two by Two church. It has only been since the late s and early s that historical information about the 2x2 church has become quite widely published and easily accessible. Irvine assuming leadership of the group.
When a woman gives birth to a child, nothing can change that fact. Same goes for a founder. No matter what becomes of what he founded or what the founder does, that individual will always be the founder of the entity he started. Nothing can change that. History cannot be erased.
The assertion that William Irvine was the original Founder of the Two by Two church has been raised many times by various people through the years since its inception. Jaenen does not attempt to prove Irvine did not start the 2x2 church, nor does he address research that confirms that he did. His name appears only 21 times. Ten of these instances are embedded in quoted material originating from others, and eleven appear in comments made by Jaenen which will be discussed below.
Most of the instances where Jaenen mentions Irvine by name, he marginalizes his actions, portrays him as a minor character, depicts him in a negative light and even ridicules him. The few times Jaenen mentions Irvine in his book are discussed below, in order by page number. It was a claim resurrected almost a century later by detractors of the movement who sought to associate it with one particular individual.
It does not prove or disprove anything. Newspaper accounts are plentiful reporting about the Early Days of this most unusual new sect, often covering who started it, when and where. Click Here to read an Article. December 18, Page The Gill, Carroll, Hughes and Hastings families were prominent among the converts. In November there was a second revival at the Presbyterian church in Nenagh.
George Walker came from Dublin to investigate and after spending some time with William Gill at Ashmont became convinced the work was of God. Similarly John West and others from Fermanagh came to hear the preachers at Rothmolyn sic. It is significant that Jaenen mentions the preachers at some highly successful Irish Revival Missions held in Nenagh, Rathmolyon, etc. The principal preacher was William Irvine and possibly Fred Tapp, who were both associated with the Faith Mission at the time.
Irvine first met Edward Cooney Pattison in Account of the Early Days. A note from Long also appeared in the and later editions of the widely available book Heresies Exposed stating that the movement dated from and that Wm. John Long and John Morrison first met William Irvine in Kilrush in March , and later they invited him to preach with them but he was neither their leader nor the chief evangelizer in the southern counties at this time. And he was present on many momentous occasions, went out in the work and sacrificed much in the days of his youth.
I was greatly blessed under his ministry and fellowship, and I used influence to get him openings which resulted in his holding a mission in the Methodist Church, Nenagh, County Tipperary, where a revival began in August, That Revival was the origin of the Go Preacher fellowship. Whole households got converted. It is commendable that Jaenen gives John Long credit he is due for making the arrangements for Irvine to hold a mission in a Methodist building in Nenagh where Irvine preached his highly successful Revival Mission.
It was the life and message of Wm Irvine. There is no written evidence that Long, a young Methodist Colporteur a seller of Methodist literature at that time, preached in either of these two early missions.
The Apostles' Doctrine
I was very nervous and kept looking to the Lord for a message, and God gave me revelation, liberty, and power, and began to establish my way in presence of the Brethren. After six or seven months there, I got to where the Carrolls were in Nenagh; and there began the work that has spread so far In the above quotes, Jaenen attempts to get his readers to reject Irvine as the Founder by using John Long as a red herring.
He leads readers to entertain the possibility that Long may have been the Founder, and gives the false impression that it was Long who started a new movement. He hopes readers who are bent on there being a founder will accept John Long as the founder by providing a quote from a tertiary document a copy of which Jaenen steadfastly refuses to provide: Jaenen gave Irvine the credit he was due, for initiating the successful bicycle tour to Scotland of 8 or more preachers-in-training.
Click to View Photo Page This statement is true and can be confirmed. However, it is important to note that this was not the first time the two men had met. So it was that a number of men and women from various religious groups came together as the nucleus of what they believed to be a revival of an apostolic ministry.
And they also believe that it was Wm. Irvine gathered and united them into one body at the Rathmolyon convention in , at which time he set before them what would become their unified standards, doctrine and practices. And the chain links all lead back to Wm. Who was before Wm. He was the father, the Adam, the originator, the genesis, and the Founder of the Two by Two church. The chain of living witnesses began and ended with Wm. The chain went out from him, and led back to him. To be accepted into the Two by Two movement, one had to profess through a representative whose could trace their faith all the way back to Wm.
This includes explicit sworn statements by at least two workers in court cases Read: Cooney's Statement , Irvine's Statement and reports from a variety of news publications during the first 2 decades of the 20th century. What did the newspapers say about Wm Irvine?