The flows originated from the Ethiopian Plateau are quite seasonal and with a more rapid response compared to the flow of the White Nile coming from the Equatorial C EO lakes.
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The relative contribution to the mean annual Nile water at Aswan of Ten countries share the Nile River: The percentage area of the Nile PL O catchments within each country is: The Nile water is vital to the dry countries downstream Egypt and Sudan , M SC where historically intensive irrigation development exists, and still continues, imposing increasing demands on the Nile water. The upstream countries rely less on the Nile waters, Mohamed et al. Temperature U Temperature affects the speed of chemical reactions, the rate at which algae and aquatic plants photosynthesize, the metabolic rate of other organisms, as well as how pollutants, parasites, and other pathogens interact with aquatic residents.
Over most of the Nile a prolonged or seasonal thermal stratification is absent, due to wind- and current-induced mixing in shallow waters. Among the headwater lakes, this is applicable to the relatively shallow L. Tana Morandini, and L. Though the vertical temperature differences are small, in Lake Victoria, an annual cycle of thermal stratification can be distinguished Fish, Thermal stratification appears briefly and irregularly in the downstream reservoir at Roseires Hammerton, a, b , but is annual and prolonged in Lake Nasser-Nubia Entz, where it is eliminated by winter cooling and the entry of flood water.
The physical and chemical characteristic features of the Nile water are shown in Table 1. Bibliography Abd El-Karim, M. Phytoplankton Dynamic and its productivity in Damietta Branch. Thesis dealing with chemical features and phytoplankton abundance, seasonal variation and community structure in Demietta Nile branch] S Abd El-Mola, H. Phytoplankton and water quality of the River Nile in Egypt. Thesis, El-Mansoura University, Egypt, pp. Spatial distribution of phytoplankton and primary productivity in Lake Nasser, Ph.
Thesis dealing with chemical features, Primary productivity and phytoplankton abundance, seasonal variation and community structure in Lake Nasser] E — Abdel Satar, A. Water quality assessment of river Nile from Idfo to Cairo. The conditions of growth and periodicity of the algal flora of the Aswan reservoir Upper Egypt.
Bulletin of the Faculty of Sciences, Egyptian University Physical and chemical investigations relating to algal growth in the River Nile, Cairo. A preliminary biological survey of Lake Nubia. Invasive capacity and habitat stability. Environmental factors affecting submerged macrophyte communities in regulated water bodies in Egypt. Aquatic Plants of the Sudan. Monographiae Biologicae, Springer, Dordrecht. Biological diversity of the Yala Swamp lakes, with special emphasis on fish species composition, in relation to changes in the Lake Victoria Basin Kenya: Biodiversity and Conservation Alien and invasive fresh water Gastropoda in South Africa.
African Journal of Aquatic Science Hydrologic impacts of climate change on the Nile River basin: Publications of National Biodiversity Unit, Egypt, pp 11— The water characteristics of the Nile in the Sudan with a note on the effect of Eichhornia crassipes on the hydrobiology of the Nile. The influence of the Gebel Aulyia dam on the development of Nile plankton. Journal of Animal Ecology The impact of land use change on water resources in sub-Saharan Africa: Journal of Hydrology C EO Camberlin, P.
PL O Conway, D. Recent fluctuations in precipitation and runoff over the Nile sub- basins and their impact on main Nile discharge.
The Nile: Origin, environments, limnology and human use (Monographiae Biologicae)
M SC Conway, D. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 13 3: From headwater tributaries to international river: Global Environemenatal Change Freshwater crabs and shrimps Crustacea: Decapoda of the Nile basin. The decrease in aquatic vegetation in Europe and its consequences for fish populations. A review of the rotifer fauna of the Sudan. Temporal and spatial distribution of microcrustacean zooplankton in relation to turbidity and other environmental factors in a large tropical lake L.
Lake Tana fishery and its sustainable development in Amharic. Zooplankton of the Nile system. Walker eds , The Ecology of River Systems. The Nile River system. A description of the Nile basin, and a synopsis of its history, ecology, biogeography and natural resources. Egyptian Academy of Sciences and Technology, Cairo. Seasonal and spatial variation of zooplankton in the coastal zone of the main channel and main khors of Lake Nasser, with a note on the lake fisheries. Impacts of climate change on Nile flows. Limnological and Fishery Investigation of the Nozha Hydrodrome.
Notes and Memoirs Hydrobiological Department, Alexandria Lake Nasser and Lake Nubia. Junk, The Hague, pp. Irrigation potential in Africa: Land and Water Development Division. A seethe movement and its effect on the hydrology of Lake Victoria.
The Nile: Origin, Environments, Limnology and Human Use
M SC Fishar, M. A feasibility study to monitor the macroinvertebrate diversity of the River Nile using three sampling methods Hydrobiologia Monitoring of water quality characteristics and some heavy metals in water, sediment and macrophytes in Main Khors of Lake Nasser Egypt. Natural phosphate sources in relation to phosphate budgets: Birds of the Nile. The cichlid fishes of Lake Victoria, East Africa: Primary production of the phytoplankton. Ecological Basis and Management Policy. Water characteristics and phytoplankton production. Survey of work in progress. Historical Nile floods and their implications for climatic change.
The eutrophication of Lake Victoria. Global climate change and the Nile basin. Global Warming and African: A reassessment, Cambridge University Press, pp. Sustainable management of natural resources in African and Asian mountains. C EO Ibrahim, A. Environmental factors affecting the abundance and distribution of Macrobenthic organisms in Manzalah Lake , Egypt.
African Journal of Ecology 48 1: M SC Johnson, T. The Holocene history of Lake Victoria. Status of water quality monitoring in the Kenyan portion of Lake Victoria Basin. Experience and lessons learned brief for Lake Victoria. Seasonal variations in phytoplankton primary production in relation to light and nutrients in Lake Awassa, Ethiopia Hydrobiologia Species richness of pelagic Cladocera of large lakes in the eastern hemisphere.
Batho-spatial distribution patterns and biomass estimates of the major demersal fishes in Lake Victoria. Data on hydrological and hydrochemical observations on the White Nile. Informatsiony Byulleten Biologiya Vnutrennikh Vol 2: Pleistocene desiccation of Lake Tana, source of the Blue Nile. Quaternary International —, Physico-chemical characteristics of Lake Nasser and Lake Nubia.
Lake Victoria plankton ecology: Mixing depth and climate-driven control of lake condition. Nile basin national water quality monitoring baseline study report for Ethiopia.
Global ranges, time and space variability's, proposal for some redefinitions. Salinity and temperature influence rotifer life history characteristics. Hydroclimatology of the Nile: The hydrology of Lake Victoria. PL O Nicholson, S. A review of climate dynamics and climate variability in eastern Africa, in: Human impact on the environment in the Ethiopian and Eritrean highlands — a state of the art. Water balance for Lake Victoria. Baseline study of the status of water quality monitoring in Uganda. The water balance of Lake Victoria.
Hydrological Sciences Journal Bacteria and Viruses in the Nile In H. The Upper Nile swamps, a tropical wetland study. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands Shehata, S. Studies on plankton recovered from the Nile Water at Cairo district. Thesis, Cairo University, Egypt. Plankton of the lower River Morry, South Australia.
Speciation of endemic Lake Tana barbs Cyprinidae, Ethiopia driven by trophic resource partitioning; a molecular and eco- morphological approach.
Limnology and landscape ecology of a mighty tropical river and its basin. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht p. Effect of industrial waste of Iron and Steel Factories on Nile phytoplankton E — communities and productivity at Helwan. Thesis, Menofyia University, Egypt. Euhydrophytes of Egyptian Nubia. PL O Stern, N. The Economics of Climate Change: The Hydrology of the Nile. Physical and Chemical Water Characteristics. The development of plankton in relation to hydrological regime I. Journal of Ecology Water characteristic in the Nile biology of an ancient river.
The chemical composition of African lake waters. International Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie Diurnal changes in stratification and photosynthesis in some tropical African waters. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London The longitudinal succession of water characteristics in the White Nile.
Some observations on the stratification of Lake Victoria. Limnology and Oceanography 2: Origin of stratification in an African Rift lake. Limnology and Oceanography 8: The annual cycle of stratification and phytoplankton growth in Lake Victoria East Africa. Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie Composition, Development and Productivity Jack. Influence of sediment on physico-chemical properties of Lake Tana.
Development initiatives and challenges for sustainable resource management and livelihood in the Lake Tana region of Northern Ethiopia. Open Journal of Marine Science , Vol. Egypt is a highly populated country of about 85 million inhabitants that are concentrated on the Nile Delta and on the flood plain of the Nile River. Currently, Egypt is facing a problem with the trans-boundary water budget coming from the Nile basin. This urges for managing the water quantity and quality to secure the water needs. This paper discusses the potential use of airborne hyperspectral data for water quality management in the form of detecting the oil contamination in the Nile River in integration with in-situ measurements including ASD spectroradiometer and eco-sounder multi-probe devices.