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For some people, the white spots may appear as tiny dots speckled across the nail. For others, the white spots may be larger and stretch across the entire nail. The spots may affect one nail or several. The most common cause of leukonychia is injury to the nail bed.

These injuries can occur if you pinch or strike your nail or finger. Frequent manicures and pedicures or the use of gel or acrylic nails can also damage nail beds. Several other causes may be responsible for the unusual spots on the nails. White spots or dots on your nails are common.

White Dot - Wikipedia

Several issues can cause them. An allergy to a nail polish, gloss, hardener, or nail polish remover may cause white spots on your nails. The use of acrylic or gel nails can also badly damage your nails and may cause these white spots. A common nail fungus called white superficial onychomycosis can appear on the toenails.

The first sign of the infection may be a few small white dots on the nails. The infection can grow and spread to the nail bed. Toenails may appear flaky and then become thick and brittle. An injury at the base of your fingernail can cause white spots or dots on your nail as it grows. However, because of the time it takes for your fingernails to grow, you may not recall the injury.

Frequent manicures may also cause damage that results in these white spots on your nails. Pressure applied by the manicurist may damage the nail beds. You may notice white spots or dots along your nails if you are deficient in certain minerals or vitamins. The deficiencies most commonly linked to this issue are zinc deficiency and calcium deficiency. While these causes are possible, they are very rare. Your doctor will likely explore a host of other conditions if you have persistent white spots on your nails before considering these more serious issues.

The cause for the white spots on your nail may dictate how the spots appear. A nail injury may cause a large white dot in the middle of the nail. An allergic reaction may cause several dots all over the nail.

White dot in the eye

The appearance of the white dots or lines may be different on each nail. Just be more careful to avoid injury or stop the behavior that you suspect is responsible for the damage. If you notice the spots are persistent or are becoming worse, it might be time to see your doctor. Most issues that could cause the white spots are easily treated once they are diagnosed. At your appointment, your doctor will inspect your nails and your hands or feet.

Based on their observations, they may make a diagnosis and offer a prescription. This is especially true if your doctor suspects that a vitamin or mineral deficiency is responsible for the white spots on your nails. Stop using the polish, gloss, or nail product you think may be responsible for your allergic reaction. If you continue to have symptoms of an allergic reaction after you stop using the products, consult your doctor. An oral antifungal medication is the most common treatment, and many doctors will also prescribe a topical antifungal treatment.

Otherwise, you may not fully treat the infection. Most nail injuries just need time to heal.

White Dot, 1923 by Wassily Kandinsky

Cycloplegic refraction is therefore essential. Associated astigmatism may be secondary to radial capsular wrinkling.

White Dot Syndromes - 2015

Occlusion therapy may be required in unilateral cases to prevent amblyopia. All cases should be followed throughout their years of visual development. Anterior polar cataracts are usually static. If they progress and become visually significant, dilating the pupils may sometime improve vision.

Surgical intervention may be necessary if conservative measures to facilitate visual development fail. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.

Why Are There White Spots on My Nails?

Journal List Oman J Ophthalmol v. International Council of Ophthalmology, UK. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Questions What is the diagnosis? What are the radiating lines?