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See our Returns Policy. Overview Access To Energy d. Over 9 million people have benefited from improved transport.
City authorities responsible for transport provision have to navigate a highly complex landscape. To design, finance and implement financially viable solutions that limit social and environmental externalities, you need the commitment of many actors. Most administrations do not have the institutional capacity to foster these collaborations. In , we joined forces with the World Resources Institute WRI , an international research organisation leading the field in environment and climate studies, to build a new intermediary to meet this need.
Combining extensive global networks, mobility expertise and practical implementation experience at a city level, WRI were a perfect fit. Addressing a systemic barrier Together we created EMBARQ — a non-profit network of sustainable transport experts that would work in partnership with cities and their stakeholders to identify and implement sustainable mobility solutions around the world. EMBARQ acts as an independent adviser to cities — diagnosing key mobility problems in the city, designing sustainable solutions and convening stakeholders across government, business and civil society to implement them.
Solutions include BRT systems , bus system reorganisations, cycling and pedestrian infrastructure, improved public spaces and transport safety measures. EMBARQ have now established regional centres in Brazil, Mexico, Turkey, India and China and their teams of local experts have helped make improved transport available to around 8 million people globally each day.
They have achieved much already but there is still a long way to go given the size of urban mobility problems. Beyond urban mobility Freight movements contribute disproportionately to fuel use, CO2 emissions and air pollution. The popularity of the car in the post-war era led to major changes in the structure and function of cities. The writings of Jane Jacobs , in particular The Death and Life of Great American Cities provide a poignant reminder of what was lost in this transformation, and a record of community efforts to resist these changes.
Lewis Mumford asked "is the city for cars or for people? Mainstream transport planning in Europe has, by contrast, never been based on assumptions that the private car was the best or only solution for urban mobility.
For example, the Dutch Transport Structure Scheme has since the s required that demand for additional vehicle capacity only be met "if the contribution to societal welfare is positive", and since has included an explicit target to halve the rate of growth in vehicle traffic. There are major differences in transport energy consumption between cities; an average U. These differences cannot be explained by wealth alone but are closely linked to the rates of walking , cycling , and public transport use and to enduring features of the city including urban density and urban design.
The cities and nations that have invested most heavily in car-based transport systems are now the least environmentally sustainable, as measured by per capita fossil fuel use. Within the United States, residents of sprawling cities make more frequent and longer car trips, while residents of traditional urban neighbourhoods make a similar number of trips, but travel shorter distances and walk, cycle and use transit more often. Companies like Zoom in India, eHi in China, and Carrot in Mexico, are bringing car-sharing to developing countries in an effort to reduce car-related pollution, ameliorate traffic, and expand the number of people who have access to cars.
The European Commission adopted the Action Plan on urban mobility on for sustainable urban mobility.
Sustainable transport - Wikipedia
The European Commission will conduct a review of the implementation of the Action Plan in the year , and will assess the need for further action. Cities need efficient transport systems to support their economy and the welfare of their inhabitants. Urban areas face today the challenge of making transport sustainable in environmental CO 2 , air pollution , noise and competitiveness congestion terms while at the same time addressing social concerns. These range from the need to respond to health problems and demographic trends, fostering economic and social cohesion to taking into account the needs of persons with reduced mobility , families and children.
Sustainable transport policies have their greatest impact at the city level. Outside Western Europe, cities which have consistently included sustainability as a key consideration in transport and land use planning include Curitiba, Brazil ; Bogota, Colombia ; Portland, Oregon ; and Vancouver, Canada. The state of Victoria , Australia passed legislation in — the Transport Integration Act  — to compel its transport agencies to actively consider sustainability issues including climate change impacts in transport policy, planning and operations.
Many other cities throughout the world have recognised the need to link sustainability and transport policies, for example by joining Cities for Climate Protection. Sustainable transport is fundamentally a grassroots movement, albeit one which is now recognised as of citywide, national and international significance. Whereas it started as a movement driven by environmental concerns, over these last years there has been increased emphasis on social equity and fairness issues, and in particular the need to ensure proper access and services for lower income groups and people with mobility limitations, including the fast-growing population of older citizens.
Many of the people exposed to the most vehicle noise, pollution and safety risk have been those who do not own, or cannot drive cars, and those for whom the cost of car ownership causes a severe financial burden. An organization called Greenxc started in created a national awareness campaign in the United States encouraging people to carpool by ride-sharing cross country stopping over at various destinations along the way and documenting their travel through video footage, posts and photography.
Car travel increased steadily throughout the twentieth century, but trends since have been more complex. Oil price rises from have been linked to a decline in per capita fuel use for private vehicle travel in the USA,  Britain and Australia.
In , global oil consumption fell by 0. The term green transport is often used as a greenwash marketing technique for products which are not proven to make a positive contribution to environmental sustainability. Such claims can be legally challenged. For instance Norway's consumer ombudsman has targeted automakers who claim that their cars are "green", "clean" or " environmentally friendly ". Manufacturers risk fines if they fail to drop the words. Its main measures are:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A subtopic of sustainability Sustainable transport Also relevant to: Transport Global warming Renewable energy Sustainable city Aspects of sustainable transport: Carbon neutral fuel Electric vehicle Green vehicle Plug-in hybrid Road traffic safety Sustainable transport Transportation demand management Sustainable transport toolbox Outline of sustainability Index of sustainability articles Sustainable development portal v t e.
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Renewable energy portal Environment portal. Green vehicle and electric bus. Oil price trend, —, both nominal and adjusted to inflation. Vehicle-miles traveled in the United States up to March Archived from the original on Transportation's Role in Climate Change: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
US Environmental Protection Agency. World's worst Environmental health risk" PDF. Archived from the original PDF on Victoria Transport Policy Institute. The Bus Starts Here