Traditional Buddhist thinking does not deal with these cases, but it has been argued by some Buddhists that if the child would be so severely handicapped that it would undergo great suffering, abortion is permissible. Of course, abortion, from a Buddhist viewpoint, is an act of killing and is negative, generally speaking.
But it depends on the circumstances. If the unborn child will be retarded or if the birth will create serious problems for the parent, these are cases where there can be an exception. I think abortion should be approved or disapproved according to each circumstance. While it's pretty obvious why abortion is considered to generate bad karma for the mother and the abortionist it may not be so obvious why it generates bad karma for the foetus. The foetus suffers bad karma because its soul is deprived of the opportunities that an earthly existence would have given it to earn good karma, and is returned immediately to the cycle of birth, death and rebirth.
Thus abortion hinders its spiritual progress. Japanese Buddhists have had to make significant efforts to reconcile abortion with their religion, as abortion is common in Japan, and has been used as a form of birth control. Some followers of Japanese Buddhism who have had an abortion make offerings to Jizo, the god of lost travellers and children. They believe that Jizo will steward the child until it is reborn in another incarnation.
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The service can also be used in cases of miscarriage or stillbirth. The ritual includes elements of folk religion and Shinto as well as Buddhism. The Alan Guttmacher Institute http: The Early Option Pill http: Acrobat is available free of charge from the Adobe Web site http: Health Information for Women.
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Who chooses an abortion? A woman may choose to have an abortion for many different reasons, including: She is not ready to become a parent.
What Are the Types of Abortion Procedures?
She cannot afford a baby. She doesn't want to be a single parent. She doesn't want anyone to know she has had sex or is pregnant. She has all the children that she wants. She or the fetus has a health problem.
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She was a victim of rape or incest. Does my partner or parent need to know? When are abortions performed? The earlier the abortion the better, because it is safer, cheaper and easier. What about future pregnancies? What is a medical abortion? How does medical abortion work?
How long does a medical abortion take? How effective is medical abortion?
Health Topics: Facts for Women: Termination of Pregnancy
What will happen during a medical abortion? At your first clinic visit , you will: For both mifepristone and methotrexate , you: If it is not, you will be given more medicine or you will have a surgical abortion Are there any potential problems with a medical abortion?
Who cannot choose a medical abortion? Women who are more than 49 days pregnant. Women who have an increased risk for bleeding e. In fact, most women say abortion should be substantially limited or never permitted: And when asked to rank 12 issues in order of importance for the women's movement, women ranked "Keeping abortion legal" next to last.
A fetal heart begins to beat at about 21 or 22 days after fertilization. In some states the rate of repeat abortions is much higher. In Maryland, for example, Partial-birth abortion kills a fetus during the process of delivery. At first, abortion providers said it was rare, and used only on women whose lives were in danger or whose fetuses were damaged.
He admitted that most partial-birth abortions are not done for "extreme circumstances" but are "primarily done on healthy women and healthy fetuses. In the Supreme Court said states cannot ban partial-birth abortion even with an exception to save the mother's life. The Court said such a ban violates "the woman's right to choose" established by Roe v. In the April case, Gonzales vs. Carhart , the Court upheld a federal ban on partial-birth abortion, saying it is not unconstitutionally vague, and does not impose an undue burden on a woman's right to an abortion.
The ban defines partial-birth abortion in terms of precise anatomical markers, depending on whether the fetus is delivered head-first or in a breach presentation.
A partial-birth abortion is an abortion procedure in which the practitioner:. Wade , all states permitted abortion if necessary to save the mother's life, and some permitted abortion in additional circumstances. But Roe deemed "every [abortion] law - even the most liberal - as unconstitutional. As a result, no state can prohibit any abortion at any time during pregnancy. If Roe is overturned, policy decisions about abortion will be made by the citizens of each state through the democratic process, rather than by courts.
Some states will place limits on abortion, in others there will likely be few limits. Not until Roe v.
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Wade is reversed will the people be able to govern themselves again on the important public policy issue of abortion. In , relying on Roe , the Supreme Court invalidated a law intended to ensure care for children born alive during attempted abortions. In , a U. In , a Michigan judge cited Roe in dismissing criminal charges against Jack Kevorkian and declaring that the state law against assisted suicide was unconstitutional. And in , the U. While some of these rulings were later modified or reversed, they all underscore how Roe v.
Wade has been used to argue that ideas of privacy and liberty can trump life itself -- after as well as before birth. Wade made abortion in the first three months of pregnancy legal. Wade , U. Bolton , U. See Torres, supra note 8, at Persaud, The Developing Human: