The huts still stand and are now managed as an historic site by the Australian Antarctic Division. The teams at all three bases conducted routine scientific and meteorological observations, which were recorded in great detail in the voluminous reports of the expedition not published until — Coastal and inland sledging journeys enabled the teams to explore previously unknown lands.
File:At the South Pole, December 1911.jpg
The expedition is best known for one of the most harrowing survival stories of all time when three men, Mawson, Mertz and Ninnis set off on a sledging trip from which only Mawson was to return. One hundred years later and anniversary celebrations included Jens Stoltenberg, the Norwegian prime minister, unveiling an ice sculpture of the man at the south pole's Amundsen-Scott scientific base. It was to take several months for news of Amundsen's success to reach Europe.
Confirmation came at the beginning of March when his ship, the Fram, arrived at Hobart, Tasmania. On 10 March, the Manchester Guardian congratulated the Norwegian and, rather grudgingly, said: The next day, the Observer reprinted Amundsen's own straightforward account of the journey to the pole. When their aircraft was damaged, they abandoned the journey.
To raise additional funds, Amundsen traveled around the United States in on a lecture tour. Although he was unable to reach the North Pole, the scientific results of the expedition, mainly the work of Sverdrup, have proven to be of considerable value. Many of these carefully collected scientific data were lost during the ill-fated journey of Peter Tessem and Paul Knutsen , two crew members sent on a mission by Amundsen.
The scientific materials were later retrieved by Russian scientist Nikolay Urvantsev from where they had been abandoned on the shores of the Kara Sea. It was the northernmost latitude reached by plane up to that time.
The aircraft landed a few miles apart without radio contact, yet the crews managed to reunite. The N was damaged.
Amundsen and his crew worked for more than three weeks to clean up an airstrip to take off from ice. In the end, six crew members were packed into the N In a remarkable feat, Riiser-Larsen took off, and they barely became airborne over the cracking ice. They returned triumphant when everyone thought they had been lost forever. In , Amundsen and 15 other men including Ellsworth, Riiser-Larsen, Oscar Wisting, and the Italian air crew led by aeronautical engineer Umberto Nobile made the first crossing of the Arctic in the airship Norge , designed by Nobile.
They left Spitsbergen on 11 May , and they landed in Alaska two days later. The three previous claims to have arrived at the North Pole: Byrd in just a few days before the Norge are all disputed, as being either of dubious accuracy or outright fraud. If the Norge expedition was the first to the North Pole, Amundsen and Oscar Wisting were the first men to have reached both geographical poles, by ground or by air.
Amundsen disappeared with five crew on 18 June while flying on a rescue mission in the Arctic. They were seeking missing members of Nobile's crew, whose new airship Italia had crashed while returning from the North Pole. It is believed that the plane crashed in fog in the Barents Sea , and that Amundsen and his crew were killed in the crash, or died shortly afterward.
The search for Amundsen and team was called off in September by the Norwegian Government and the bodies were never found. In and in late August , the Royal Norwegian Navy used the unmanned submarine Hugin to search for the wreckage of Amundsen's plane. The routes to the South Pole taken by Amundsen red and his rival Scott green , — Accounts by members of the expedition told of their relations with Inuit women, and historians have speculated that Amundsen might also have taken a partner,  although he wrote a warning against this. Konona said that their father Ikuallaq was left out on the ice to die after his birth, as his European ancestry made him illegitimate to the Inuit, threatening their community.
Australian Antarctic Division: Leading Australia’s Antarctic Program
His Inuit grandparents saved him. In , Y-DNA analysis, with the families' permission, showed that Ikuallaq and his sons was not a match to the direct male line of Amundsen. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 19 September For other uses, see Amundsen disambiguation. Amundsen's South Pole expedition.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Australasian Antarctic Expedition — Australian Antarctic Division
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. Fram crossed the International Date Line shortly before arriving at the Bay of Whales , and thereby "lost" a day. Since the western and eastern hemispheres are conjoined at the South Pole, either date can be considered as correct, though Amundsen gives 14 December, both in his first telegraphed report on arrival in Hobart, and in his fuller account The South Pole. I 6 — , Birth and baptism records , page ". Retrieved 25 July Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
Retrieved 11 March Living Adventures in Science. My Life as an Explorer. Houghton Mifflin Reference Books.
A History of Scandinavia: Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, and Iceland. University of Minnesota Press. Exploration, Perception and Metaphor.