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Full circuit fare, 25 cents. If you miss the Trolley at the station on Front Street and do not want to wait, it's about a five minute cab ride to the Arts Center. To the Delaware History Center seven blocks. If you do not want to wait for the Trolley or walk, it is less than five minutes by taxi. If you do take the Trolley: Trolley schedule and diagrams may be found at: As of January 23, 8 presses and 6 periodicals agreed to participate.

Haikus poemas de Araceli García

Missias, Editor bottle rockets, Stanford M. Traditionally at HSA meetings, individuals are welcome to sell personal haiku materials. Because of the volume of materials on the book sale tables, we ask such personal items be brought to the attention of Bill Dennis, Book Sales Manager, and thus become part of the regular sales operation.

Ruth Yarrow, or ruthyarrow wpsr.

It's at the corner of Bel-Red Road and th Ave. For more details see next paragraph. Bring some of your haiku to read aloud to a public gathering. The number of people reading will determine the number of haiku to be read by each person. To view a detailed map showing where the haiku reading will be, click on this link:. South in South Seattle. Please dress for the weather, and bring something on which you can write haiku while you're walking! If you need housing: Try the Doubletree Hotel, Bellevue Center, Mention that you are attending the Haiku Society of America Meeting. We'll compile them and everyone will receive a box full.

Haiku to share aloud at the reading and the meeting. Any of your publications you would like to sell or share - we'll have a book table.

Warm and waterproof clothing for the walk in Kubota Gardens. The New Orleans Haiku Society and Xavier University invite you to come down to the "City That Care Forgot" for haiku, discussion, revelation, exploration, great food, and fabulous music. Randy Brooks "Living the Tradition: Just say the initials, "HSA," when you book: The hotel is five minutes' walking distance from the conference site, Xavier University, and offers a courtesy shuttle to and from the French Quarter and downtown New Orleans.

Come "pass a good time" New Orleans style! For more information, contact David Lanoue at dlanoue xula. The library can be reached by the 6 green line of the subway, by the M96 and M crosstown buses, and by the M, M, and M buses along Lexington and Third Avenues. Meet at the Vanderbilt Gate, th Street and 5th Avenue. The first discussion concerned a fitting tribute to Bob Spiess. It was determined that we would write a tribute in Frogpond for the Bob who has devoted so much of his life to the cause of haiku.

We then dealt with the impending changes in leadership on the executive committee: Jim Kacian agreed to remain as Editor with some assistance. John Stevenson agreed to become Associate Editor. Stanford Forrester and Jerry Ball were assigned the job of locating a competent replacement. Since the meeting we have a commitment from Mark Brooks who has both initiative and skills necessary for the job. With John Stevenson leaving the treasurer's position, this induced a vacancy.

He was replaced by Tom Borkowski as Acting Treasurer. The EC then discussed the future of the HSA and whether we should think of maintaining the present sort of organization or whether we might consider expanding. This issue was brought to the membership for discussion. The issues include what sorts of services we provide for members and at what economic cost. No conclusion was reached but this discussion will be continued. Once there, click on the Dec 1 folder link, then select "slideshow" to automatically view each slide, or click on each individual slide to see a larger version.

I arrived at the Seaport Marina about noon, expecting to locate a few haijin who had indicated their early arrival on Friday. We shared lunch, travel stories, and company, then returned to the hotel where we found Mark and Karen Brooks Temple, TX. Others continued to roll in that afternoon, and we had a lovely crowd of about 12 or so for dinner at a local crab and seafood restaurant. Those of us who are vegetarians Fay Aoyagi and me found a few tidbits for us on the menu while others dined on such fare as seafood salad and fresh steamed seafood dumped out onto the table for finger-eatin'.

Saturday morning a few of us gathered in the hotel restaurant for breakfast, then we all congregated in the meeting room and set up the book tables, sign in pads, programs, etc. He stated that "while English-language haiku poets debate whether or not to use kigo, the language of haiku, Japanese haiku poets are busy expanding that language to incorporate Western references without much help from us. He continued, "Artificiality comes into play only when an author 'creates' haiku from a list of kigo rather than from actual experience.

If you would like to contact Mark Brooks for more information about his presentation "Poetics of Kigo" you may email him at haiku epiphanous. We had a lunch feast at a local Indian restaurant, followed by Patricia Machmiller 's presentation "Haiku Etudes: Patricia shared her artwork, first by stating a haiku, discussing it, then showing the painting she'd created and explaining the elements, including the layout of the haiku lines and then how that layout was displayed in the painting.

Sneak Peek Lists

She called them "renderings of haiku" - trying to be true to the haiku by putting it into a visual nonverbal form - a translation of an original haiku into an artform. It was fascinating, as was the discussion which followed. If you would like to contact Patricia Machmiller for more information about her presentation "Haiku Etudes: David Lanoue was the final presenter with "Rediscovering Issa. A few examples haiku by Issa, translations by David Lanoue:. The discussion and sharing that followed was stimulating and rewarding. If you would like to contact David Lanoue for more information about his presentation "Rediscovering Issa" you may email him at dlanoue xula.

After a quick dinner at some local stop-and-eat places, we proceeded to Borders bookstore, where our evening reading was scheduled. The evening reading was delightful!!!!! Readers shared their haiku, haibun, tanka, and cinquain. When the public reading concluded we all went to Wendy and Tom Wright's home where we shared wine, sumptuous foods and desserts, and discussed everything from the weather to haiku issues to you-name-it. The social event broke about midnight. The gardens were lovely, and we had a great time sharing. The entire event was wonderful in every way and included presentations, discussion, debates, fine food and drink, laughter, hugs, and memory-making camaraderie.

The Haiku Society of America's third quarterly meeting, which was to be held in New York City on September 22, , was canceled due to problems arising from the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center. The EC meeting was convened at 9: Howard reported that membership has stabilized at members, including international members.

The EC discussed the fact that, unlike national members, the international members are not represented in regional groups and that perhaps this should be considered. As a way to reduce expenses and labor, we discussed changing the current system of Howard's sending a dues-reminder card to highlighting the labels of those members who need to renew. Howard discussed the extensive amount of time required for the Secretary's duties, and the EC discussed options for helping with this task. The EC decided to maintain the current dues structure for We spent a significant amount of time discussing the need to raise funds and considering options: Raffael indicated that this will be his final year to serve as Treasurer, but he will work closely with his replacement to ensure a smooth transition.

Jim discussed his search for an associate editor to work with him during and ultimately take over as editor of Frogpond. To date he has spoken with numerous members but has not found an associate editor. We considered the issue of the expense of publishing a biannual supplement to Frogpond. Jim also said that he would like to publish a volume entitled "Best of Frogpond" to celebrate the 25th year of publication. This would be offered for sale, like A Haiku Path. Taking a vote, the EC approved the publication of a Frogpond supplement in The EC voted to institute the Sora Award, an award proposed by Jerry Kilbride to honor an HSA member who has made an outstanding contribution to the organization over time.

The award will consist of a certificate and a small gift. The EC agreed that a maximum of one award per year will be presented, with an option to not to make an award in a given year. Raffael will continue to work with the Logo Committee to design an appropriate logo for the HSA that we can use on stationery and the HSA brochure, which will be reprinted after the logo is determined.

Pamela reported that 40 teachers' packets have been sold since January 1, The Japan Society in New York currently uses the packet for all their teacher workshops, and we have had requests from two other national educational organizations to preview the packet for possible use. A 4th edition will be printed in the fall. The meeting was scheduled for Since President Jerry Ball and First Vice President Pamela Ness were the only Executive Committee members present, Ball declared no quorum present, no business was conducted, and the meeting was adjourned.

Some activities of our gathering overlapped with events of the Border Book Festival, but it broadened our exposure to many unfamiliar with the HSA and haiku in general. The success of this endeavor was made possible by the dedication and hard work of Tom Lynch, for which we all are grateful. Bill and Penny took turns reading poetry and haiku from their books and discussed writing with 14 seniors. A workshop on a Southwestern saijiki was held at the historic Double Eagle restaurant on the Old Mesilla plaza on Friday evening from 6: Before the meal we introduced ourselves; for many this was a first-time meeting.

After dinner, Tom Lynch opened the workshop. The Southwest Region has a very rich Spanish heritage, so most of the kigo selected had a Hispanic flavor. Each members were asked to suggest a kigo representative of the Southwest and read a haiku using it. These efforts were collected and discussed with an eye to a Southwestern saijiki. Here are a few:. I come to town early in the morning roasting chilies -- Bill Higginson. On Saturday at 9: She worked with 22 professional and nonprofessional writers, most of whom had never before penned a haiku. First, she distributed printed instructions, examples, pencils and writing pads.

Marian used "Ancestral Voices," the Border Book Festival theme this year, to present a chronology of haiku voices from the 17th century to the end of the 20th century. After the group discussed the depth and nuances in several poems, Marian talked about the general characteristics found in most fine haiku.

Following this initial work with model poems, she led the participants through an exercise that used a particular emotion attached to an experience from their lives and from that into the writing of their own haiku. Feedback indicated the success of the method. Those new to the form left with a clear idea of the power of haiku. Marian's technique led to some excellent work, which was published in a finely printed booklet and mailed to each participant.

Among the many fresh voices were these picked randomly:. Back in the city Lights shine Stars dim -- Carol Brey. During this same time period, William J. Higginson and Penny Harter were conducting separate workshops. Bill's topic was "Remembering Our Ancestors," and he helped more than a dozen participants learn methods of recovering lost information about past events. Later in a public reading, Bill read poems about his grandmother's life as well as haiku and translations from recent books.

Penny led a workshop, "Reaching Back: A Letter to the Unknown," in which she encouraged some 15 participants to connect with ancestors they know little or nothing about. Later she read poems from her books Grandmother's Milk and Lizard Light: Poems from the Earth. Earlier Tom Lynch had instructed us to bring a handful of "ancestral voice haiku" as well as of our own verses to read.

Then Pamela Ness read some of her tanka. After reading "ancestral voice haiku" and some of her haiku, Naomi Y. All together 11 haiku poets participated in this event. On Saturday evening several members got together at the Tatsu Japanese Restaurant. Over hot sake and Japanese cuisine they relaxed and visited until it was closing time. We were blessed with a gentle breeze and a warm sun. We chose the four-mile trail to La Cueva, the hermit's cave. It was a gentle climb at start but became a bit steeper near the cave.

Along the path, we identified prickly pear, desert sage, greasewood, banana yucca, and Mormon tea. Some of the smooth rocks had a slippery moss-like growth, probably lichen. At La Cueva Tom pointed out petroglyphs near the entrance.

Japanese Haikus. Four Masters: Bashô, Buson, Issa and Shiki - Ibon Uribarri

The cave was dry and roomy. Returning to the trailhead, we gathered around the picnic table, ate our sack lunches, and concentrated on writing haiku. Each took turns reading two or three haiku Penny wrote eight! Here are some of the group's creations:. Spring ginko Noor takes a nap on a hackberry branch --Dennis Dutton. La Cueva Trail the hikers' footsteps break the silence -- Naomi Y. We discussed the following items:. Howard Kilby reports the following communicated by Raffael: All EC members received them by e-mail as well. Thanks to Howard, once again, for the timely results!

Howard once again proposes splitting the office of HSA Secretary into a Membership Secretary and a Corresponding Secretary to help deal with the increased workload. Those present agreed with the idea. It seems we need an amendment to the By-laws and a vote of the membership. We now need to draft an amendment to the bylaws that can be voted upon, preferably between now and the next quarterly meeting. Though finances are workable for now, HSA should think seriously about finding other ways to raise funds than largely by membership fees.

Some ideas were discussed and proposals for further action made:. Sylvia Forges-Ryan at one time worked on this; Raffael volunteered to talk with her, with a view to making a serious attempt to submit a new grant proposal. This might be something Regional Coordinators could help with, and that could also be pursued through materials for teachers posted to the web page. A special membership rate for teachers, libraries, etc. This would decrease revenue at first, but perhaps increase overall membership later. First Vice President's Report: Jerry Ball Tentative meeting dates and locations for were proposed: Arkansas, March 24 Howard Kilby [this was later changed --ed.

Long Beach, December 1 Jerry Ball. Jerry had a thought for a traveling poets' hospitality network. There could be a list of HSA members who would be happy to host a traveling poet for a few days during a meeting or other poetry journey. Something like this exists in an informal way now, nevertheless, those present liked the idea.

A notice to the members, by e-mail, or possibly a notice on the Web site asking for people to sign up could move this ahead. Alice Benedict reports that the Henderson, Brady, and Virgilio contests for have been successfully concluded. The judges are still deliberating in the Einbond Renku Contest. They will try to finish before the holidays; failing that it will be complete in January I am gathering the Contest library of Frogponds, mailing lists, and general correspondence and will send it to John Stevenson, the new contest chairman.

I express, once again, my pleasure in having coordinated contests for HSA, and thanks to all the judges 36 of them, all nice to work with and contest participants. Response has been very positive indeed.

Poetry for Children: Guest post: H is for HAIKU

Congratulations to Dave and Charlie for their hard work! Suggestions for things to add at some point: Education material, a membership application so people can join. Pamela Miller Ness reported that the education packets have been selling well: The response of teachers using the packets as been very good: We discussed the possibility of putting something from the packet onto the Web page such as the suggestions for running a haiku workshop: Pamela and the Education Committee will propose something; maybe Dave could look at what's possible and simple enough.

Raffael brought up having an official logo and letterhead. All agreed that it's overdue. There have been ideas for this in the past, but all were rejected. It's probably best to start over. The theme is Haiku and Beyond. He has secured meeting space through California State University at Long Beach, early participation of organizations such as the Japan Society, and interest from poets in Japan and elsewhere in the region.

The EC meeting was adjourned at about Early arrivals met Friday evening for dinner and lively conversation at a local noodle house. Saturday morning while the Executive Committee met, attendees gathered in the conference room to meet, greet, and browse the book, literature, and poetry displays. Claire Gallagher opened the General Meeting at Each poet introduced herself or himself and read a poem before First Vice President Jerry Ball presented a summary of the Executive Committee meeting, including the Treasurer's report and a tally of the HSA election results.

The keynote presentation was a memorable event focusing on "The Mystery of Haiku. Vincent's readings were interspersed with, and sometimes spoken over, Native American flute music played by Gary Topper. Vincent gave attendees a letterpress bookmark with the words haiku and tribe imprinted in close juxtaposition in gold and black near an exquisite feather. This project was initiated over a year ago by Bay Area poets to compile appropriate local season words.

Patrick presented the goal of the project as the strengthening of the use of season words in English-language haiku and developing sensitivity for local season words. Prototype pages of an anticipated publication of a local dictionary of season words were displayed. Patrick read several poems that showed the use of a local season word. The poem below by Laurie Stoelting uses soap root flowers, a Bay Area summer season word. A break provided time for small-group lunches at various venues in Japantown, visiting a few small shops or the Kinokuniya Bookstore, and brief sightseeing. Participants reconvened for Raffael de Gruttola's presentation, "Haiku vs.

Next on the program was David G. Lanoue's reading from his novel, Haiku Guy. David's exquisite eye for detail, wry humor, and haiku lessons left us on the edge of our seats wanting more. After a social break, we resumed with poetry readings, beginning with Laurie Stoelting, who read from her new book, Light on the Mountain:. For about an hour poets in succession read poems in what many considered to be one of the finest readings ever heard. Following this there was a call for reading what turned out to be a handful of poems written in Japantown that day; they were uniformly senryu or approximations:.

Japantown shop the identical bellies of Buddha and Santa --Claire Gallagher. The day's program began and ended with music accompanying a haiku reading. Electric cello improvisation by Danielle de Gruttola prefaced and followed echoing and expanding each link of another bay. Listeners carried an enthralled buoyancy away. Many conferees attended a group dinner at a Korean barbecue as well as an evening social at the home of member Paul Watsky. The meeting was called to order by President John Stevenson at Present were John Stevenson and Raffael de Gruttola.

The minutes for the previous June meeting were accepted as posted in the last Newsletter. An annual report and a report covering the third quarter were presented and discussed. A summary appears elsewhere in this Newsletter. A report from Pamela Miller Ness was received and reviewed. The Executive Committee will be asked to discuss and vote on this recommendation via e-mail. A decision has been made by the Executive Committee to resume printing full addresses on the Membership listings.

John felt that it was important to advise members, however, that it has proven impossible to control the commercial or other uses made of the listing and that members should realize that the information becomes essentially public, even though HSA does not provide it to nonmembers.

Non-rivista online di letteratura e altro

Individual members may, if they wish, request that the secretary delete their addresses from the general listing which is provided to the entire membership. Editor Claire Gallagher has reported that the Members' Anthology, Crinkled Sunlight, will be available this fall, in time for holiday orders. The report of the judges, Tom Clausen and Ebba Story, was reviewed prior to its presentation to the membership during the general meeting. John indicated that he had mailed letters of congratulations to the winning authors and editors earlier in the week. The report of the Nominating Committee was reviewed prior to its presentation in the general meeting during which the nominations were seconded and additional nominations were solicited from the floor, though none were offered.

Raffael indicated that he would propose amendments of the by-laws to create a new office of Corresponding Secretary and to make the position of Electronic Media Officer a permanent office, with a role in the Executive Committee. Raffael will prepare a proposal for the Executive Committee to review and discuss via e-mail.

John and Raffael agreed to waive their stipends for attending the annual meeting, although Raffael indicated that he will take reimbursement for some incidental travel expenses. The meeting was adjourned at The festivities began Friday evening when 18 poets gathered to write renku in two groups led by Raffael de Gruttola and John Stevenson. One group completed a link poem, while the other worked slowly to complete about 10 links.

We spent an hour quietly exploring this vast cathedral before gathering in the Poets Corner to share our work. A haiku of note by Jeanne Emrich:. After lunch at local restaurants, about 45 regional and national members and guests attended the afternoon program. We opened with our usual introductions and round-robin sharing of haiku, after which John and Raffael presented a summary of the Executive Committee meeting. Our first speaker was Tom Clausen, who read from his latest chapbook, Homework, in which he explores the theme of familial conflict as a source of haiku:. The program continued with a talk and reading by several poets from Rochester, N.

Algonquin the blue of the sky touches my clothes -- Donatella Cardillo-Young. After a break for conversation, refreshments, and browsing the book table, the program continued with a slide lecture by Jeanne Emrich on "Contemporary Haiga. The afternoon concluded with a thought-provoking talk by A. Missias on "The Struggle for Definitions: She creatively used a starfish as a metaphor, with the prototypical haiku at the center and variations radiating into the arms. The minutes for the Spring Quarterly Meeting were accepted as posted in the last Newsletter.

A preliminary report of the second quarter was reviewed and the general fiscal situation was discussed. The consensus of those present was that current membership dues do not fully support HSA services to members and that other sources of income, especially donations in excess of dues, are the factors that will determine whether we are able to maintain services at current levels without tapping next year's income.

Methods of encouraging more of such donations were discussed, including offering gift premiums for various "levels of membership. He also volunteered to contact university sources about the process of applying for grant funding and to report on this subject to the executive committee.


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On a related topic, Jim volunteered to prepare an HSA logo, based on a graphic representation in the letter style which has appeared on the cover of Frogpond for the past several years. This could be used for promotional materials and for letterhead. John noted that Newsletter editor Charles Trumbull has been working with Dave Russo of North Carolina on further improvement of the HSA Web site and on securing a domain name, which will make our site easier to find and identify. Much activity has been undertaken this year toward the formation of international haiku associations, with more of this anticipated in the immediate future.

In each instance, one or more HSA members has been actively involved in the groups undertaking these actions and HSA has been asked to provide various expressions of support: Fiscal concerns affect our ability to respond to some of these requests. There is a need for a better sense of the will of the membership in these matters. Slate of officers for Williams has agreed to serve as chairperson of the nominations committee. The meeting was adjourned at quarter after twelve.

President John Stevenson reported to the membership on the Executive Committee meeting. In his paper, "International Haiku in the New Millennium," Jim Kacian discussed what a "national" haiku might be, and what "international" might mean in haiku terms. He commented on the state of the haiku art in countries around the world and offered his projections for the next few decades.

Discussion was lively, suggesting the interest in global haiku does not just happen to coincide with the change of millennium. Dee Evetts led a workshop, "The Conscious Eye: Poems were deemed successful when they simply presented an arresting image, allowing the reader to ponder the implications -- for example, Tom Painting's. Lee Giesecke read a selection of haiku and senryu, some of which were from his contribution to New Resonances.

Roberta Beary's reading included poems from her years of residence in Japan as well as work written since her return to the Washington area. Stephen Addiss and Josh Hockensmith read poems by members of the Richmond Haiku Workshop, then returned later to demonstrate how poets who are not musicians might use music to complement their haiku. In the evening the group gathered at a nearby restaurant for socializing and a dinner featuring Asian noodles.

The meeting was called to order by President John Stevenson at 10 p. The minutes for the previous December meeting were accepted as posted in the last Newsletter. The report of the first quarter was accepted. Jim said that there will be no Frogpond Supplement this year, and Pamela noted that the start-up costs for the HSA Teachers' Resource Packets were a factor during the period in question. John raised the issue that the HSA web site has not been consistently maintained.

The group was very appreciative that Charlie recently updated the list of officers, minutes of recent meetings, and contest information. He reported on progress toward creating an archive of HSA contest winning verses. The major issue is the need to find a reliable Webmaster "Electronic Media Officer" who will maintain the site, help HSA secure its own domain name, and possibly create links to other relevant sites.


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  • After some discussion, it became clear that there was a significant cost factor involved in resuming the contributors' copies and the issue was tabled until the next Executive Committee meeting in the hope that our fiscal standing will be clearer by then. Frogpond 25th anniversary volume: Jim announced that he has begun to plan for a special 25th anniversary volume of Frogpond, which will contain the best work from the past 25 years of the journal.

    He views this volume as a replacement for The Haiku Path, which is no longer producing viable sales. Funding should be approved by with publication in Jim updated the group on the formation of the WHA, which is intended to be a society of individuals committed to fostering a global community of haiku poets.

    He requested that the HSA "officially recognize" the group and offer some financial support, a proposal that he will present to the members of the Executive Committee via e-mail. One hundred packets were published in early January, of which twenty were complementary copies for members of the Education Committee and the Executive Committee. To date, 65 have been sold, and 15 remain. HSA Members Anthology report: Claire Gallagher reported that she has had 22 submissions to date for the anthology and is encouraging all members to submit "fresh" work before the final deadline of June John adjourned the meeting at midnight.

    President Paul Williams presided at the general meeting, where we discussed local haiku activities and commented favorably on the HSA education package see page 3. For information please contact Jerry Ball. After the general meeting Paul Williams read a paper entitled "The Moon In Haiku," which gave a broad scientific background about the moon as well as a strong collection of haiku with "moon" as kigo. Two talks followed lunch. Greta discussed what is going on with haiku in the schools and in teacher training. She announced that the university and the local Southern California Haiku Study Group are cosponsoring a haiku contest for students in Long Beach schools.

    This contest has the endorsement of the HSA. A spirited discussion followed. That evening our group sponsored an open reading at Borders bookstore in Long Beach with good attendance. The reading was followed by a social at the Holiday Inn. Present were Paul O. Williams, Raffael de Gruttola, and Jim Kacian. The minutes of the last executive committee were reviewed. The problem of the higher charge for overseas members was discussed and the idea of a new category of membership, an institutional membership, was brought up.

    This would entail a somewhat higher dues, which would bring perhaps four copies of Frogpond. But this needs to be talked out by the full board at much greater length. The problem is that we want to be fair to everyone including ourselves. If anyone would like to make a proposal regarding institutional membership, including. The archives were briefly discussed and the idea of perhaps creating another archives on the east coast. An advantage would be to give the materials another home. A disadvantage would be that it might divide up the unique materials such as people's personal papers.

    No conclusion was arrived at. Pamela Ness presented the Educational Committee report, with a revised packet of materials for teachers. Raffael wanted to include a packet of winning student poems as examples. Jim wants to redesign the front sticker. The packet needs to say HSA somewhere on it. A revision was proposed for our December meeting. A next project would be a small introductory book that we would produce for educational outreach. It was thought that this would defray the costs, which is what the charge was intended to do.

    The question of an electronic edition of Frogpond was raised. This might be useful for overseas members. But it was decided that this would be too much work for those involved, and so it was dropped. However, this raised a related question of electronically disseminated information. The elliptical lines or orbits trace the way the words in this poem interact with one another. There is movement here. The poem is a living thing. Especially the largest ellipse traces the path of a planet traveling around its sun: There is a relationship between snow and water and fire.

    When water is furthest from heat, it recools, recoils. Similarly, a hippo is a river horse, an animal whose house is of water. A cluster of snowflakes is a male animal of the earth. It is also snow. It is also a flower. A male horse gets fired up. When this occurs, it is enough to melt the snow. It is enough to set the river on fire. There is an association in Japan between the falling of cherry blossoms, which occurs in spring, and dying a noble death. Language is the sky and the sky is made of language: The words in this haiku are written almost entirely in the simplified phonetic alphabets of hiragana and katakana , although more complex kanji exist.

    The only kanji that remains is one of the most simple and airy available: In this diagram the sky read clockwise thins as the grasshopper spreads its wings. Words that were once represented in kanji , word pictures—grasshopper, Asia, light green—have been usurped by modernity and their inner lives abridged in favor of accessibility. Moving up from the center of the diagram, the image of the grasshopper transforms into kanji , then to katakana , then to English. The haiku is as much about the dilution of the Japanese language as it is about the dilution of the green sky of Asia. We do not see, in hiragana , that leaping is the essence of the grasshopper, or that light green is thinning pampas grass made into language.

    One other difficult notion to translate here is that the batta , though it is commonly called a grasshopper, also refers to the locust, and that singular and plural nouns are often determined by context.