Guide Paul Klee: Die Lebensgeschichte (German Edition)

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In Klee received an appointment to teach at the Bauhaus , the school of modern design founded in in Weimar , Germany, by the architect Walter Gropius. His lectures at the Bauhaus, recorded in more than 3, pages of notes and drawings, were a remarkable attempt to show how the formal elements of art—simple linear constructions and geometric motifs—could be used to build complex symbolic compositions. His work of the Bauhaus decade is more geometric than before, and the number of forms employed in a given composition is sharply reduced.

Weidemann, Christiane [WorldCat Identities]

Among the many types of compositions resulting from this practice are pictures made entirely of coloured squares, horizontal striations, or patterns resembling basket weave and, among his most evocative, a number of paintings in which puzzlingly disparate objects—faces, animals, goblets, heavenly bodies—coexist in a black undifferentiated space. As the decade progressed, his biweekly lectures and administrative duties, and the almost constant tension in the Bauhaus over policy and politics, became increasingly onerous, and in he resigned for a less-demanding position at the Dusseldorf Academy.


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He continued to work with geometric forms, most notably in his richly but painstakingly rendered pointillist paintings of —32, with their mosaic-like surfaces of coloured dots—among them his largest single painting to date, Ad Parnassum But most of his pictures of the early and mids show varying attempts at loosening his style, with freer compositions and brushwork.

Klee remained at the Dusseldorf Academy until , when Adolf Hitler came to power; from then on, it was no longer possible to work in Germany. As a modern artist, Klee was dismissed from his position, and his house and studio were searched by the Gestapo on account of his known left-wing sympathies. Despite these difficulties, Klee continued to produce his art without restraint. The drawings he did at this time are mostly representational and even narrative; many directly reflect the political disturbances of the day, dealing in ironic fashion with demagogy, militarism, political violence, and emigration.

At the end of he returned to the relative artistic isolation of Switzerland , where the disruptions caused by his move, along with his sudden financial uncertainty, took a toll on both the quality and quantity of his work. His difficulties were compounded in the summer of by the onset of an incurable illness. Its severe initial symptoms, which ranged from a rash to glandular disturbances and respiratory and digestive difficulties, left Klee incapable of working for over a year.

But in the temporary remission of his illness led to a remarkable outpouring of creative energy that was sustained until only a few months before his death in What the Spanish master gave to Klee in these final years was a means of expressing the urgency Klee felt as his health declined. The small details and delicate shadings and tints that had given his previous work its characteristic refinement are replaced by bold, simple strokes and a new intensity of colour.

Though Klee belonged to no movement, he assimilated, and even anticipated, most of the major artistic tendencies of his time in his work. Using both representational and abstract approaches, he produced an immense oeuvre of some 9, paintings, drawings, and watercolours in a great variety of styles.

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His works tend to be small in scale and are remarkable for their delicate nuances of line, colour, and tonality. Claiming art to be a parable of the Creation, Klee represented everything from human figures and foibles to landscapes and microcosms of the plant and animal kingdoms, all with an eye that mocked as much as it praised; he was one of the great humorists of 20th-century art and its supreme ironist. Music figures prominently in his work—in his many images of opera and musicians, and to some extent as a model for his compositions.

But literature had the greater pull on him; his art is steeped in poetic and mythic allusion , and the titles he gave to his pictures tend to charge them with additional meanings.

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Paul Klee: A collection of 277 works (HD)

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Artistic maturity Until Klee found it difficult to paint; he felt a lack of confidence in his abilities as a colourist, and most of his work to that time had been in black and white. Legacy Though Klee belonged to no movement, he assimilated, and even anticipated, most of the major artistic tendencies of his time in his work.

Marcel Franciscono Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Paul Klee in and Kandinsky in gravitated to the Bauhaus, the school in Germany whose work at Weimar and later at Dessau deeply influenced architecture and design as well as basic teaching. Oskar Schlemmer, whose simplified manner paralleled the Italian Metaphysical painters, and…. Creative photography and graphic arts flourish, examples of which can be seen on calendars, in magazines, in museums, and on the outdoor advertisements that are found throughout the country, especially in train stations.

Early life and education

Kandinsky was one of the great innovators of contemporary art. In his early, lyrical paintings he was a forerunner of Abstract Expressionism, and in his late mature work he introduced Geometric Abstraction. His graphic work consists of an impressive number of woodcuts and…. The eminent English man of the theatre Gordon Craig campaigned vigorously for the puppet as a medium for the thoughts of the artist.

Modern modern art In Western painting: Fantasy and the irrational painting In Switzerland: Visual arts printmaking In printmaking: Germany puppetry In puppetry: Paris and early work. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Help us improve this article!

Paul Klee for Children

Contact our editors with your feedback. Biographical and anecdotal information about each artist is provided alongside large reproductions of their most celebrated works, stunning details, and images of the artists themselves.

A color-coded timeline spans the entire volume, showing overlapping careers and important historical dates. Artists working after World War II faced a confounding array of challenges, as stylistic barriers were broken, technology advanced, and issues of sexuality and race came to the forefront. Niki de Saint Phalle by Christiane Weidemann Book 9 editions published between and in English and German and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide Niki de Saint Phalle's biography reads like a bestselling novel: Her earliest works, known as shooting paintings, were executed with a rifle and paint-filled bullets.

She went on to explore women's identities through papiermache figures. As her reputation grew, so did her works. Her larger than-life Nanas could be entered and viewed from within. She created sculpture parks in Israel, Italy, and California, among other places. This book introduces readers to Niki de Saint Phalle in chapters that include reproductions of her pieces, photographs from her life, and historical background that gives insight into her life and work. As lively as the life it reveals, this volume is a superb look into the world of an intriguing and courageous artist.

Leonardo da Vinci by Christiane Weidemann Book 7 editions published between and in English and German and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide "This book explores da Vinci's unique artistic talents and at the same time introduces Leonardo the mathematician, urban planner, cartographer, poet, musician, astronomer, and medical scientist. Readers will learn about the scientific discoveries that inspired the young artist and the cultural forces that nourished his creative spirit.