They became friends and Wodehuse eventually paid homage to his mentor when he created English literature's supreme double act in his Jeeves and Wooster stories. In his memoirs, Conan Doyle describes how he was commissioned to write this story over a dinner at the Langham hotel with Joseph M Stoddart, managing editor of Lippincott's on 30 August Stoddart's first idea was to produce an English version of his magazine with local, British contributors.
In the end, only Doyle, with typical professionalism and efficiency, delivered his copy on time for its British publication in February On its first magazine appearance, the novel was titled The Sign of the Four , following the description of the fatal symbol of murder in the text of the story. Thereafter, during several second serialisations in a variety of regional journals, the novel became known as The Sign of Four. Later editions have varied between the two versions of the title, with most editions adopting the four-word form. The actual text in the novel nearly always uses "the Sign of the Four" the five-word phrase to describe the symbol in the story.
It was Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes stories, published in the Strand magazine after that made Sherlock Holmes a literary immortal. A note on the text In his memoirs, Conan Doyle describes how he was commissioned to write this story over a dinner at the Langham hotel with Joseph M Stoddart, managing editor of Lippincott's on 30 August This famous yarn, not really a detective story, begins: Bickleigh took any active steps in the matter. Murder is a serious business. The least step may be disastrous. Bickleigh had no intention of risking disaster. The first "Francis Iles" work.
Also exhibited, Before the Fact. The only detective story by the author of "The Sword in the Stone," etc. Almost unknown, or at least not mentioned by any authorities we have consulted. The poet's first detective novel, a prep school yarn. This, however, did not give him the leisure he desired for his poetry and he turned to writing detective stories under the "Blake" nom de guerre for the frank purpose of supplementing his income. This attempt was so successful financially that he was soon able to give up teaching altogether. I must confess a weakness for Mr. Day Lewis's Nigel Strangeways, because some of his habits were taken from mine.
The case of The House of the Sacred Flame. The first of the many Pinkerton volumes, included because of its historical significance as the American counterpart of Vidocq, "Waters," etc. The first American full-length example of the genre and universally acclaimed. Van Dine solemnly wrote an introduction to a "memorial" edition, published in , both he and the publisher believing she was dead.
Actually she was very much alive, aged a mere seventy-eight and lived another eleven years. The last paragraph of the final story, "The Animas Furandi" reveals the method of Mason's strange schemes. Come with me to the cabin and I will show you how it can be wrest from the owners and no crime committed; do you understand me Parks?
Being tales of Randolph Mason as related to his private secretary, Courtland Parks. Mason "began as an unscrupulous lawyer who used his knowledge of legal loopholes to defeat justice" but with this volume "Post was forced to follow the course of Leblanc with Lupin in France and Hornung with Raffles in England—to heed popular demand and finally put his hero on the side of law and order. A rockhewn Virginia squire, whose position as protector of the innocent and righter of wrongs in his mountain community compelled him to turn detective with some of the most convincing results known to the short story form.
Post is "probably the most creditable exponent of the formalized short story that America has developed and brought to the detective story a new technical excellence that was to have far-reaching effects.
One of Post's stories "The Corpus Delicti" is credited with having hastened a long needed change in criminal procedure. Julian Hawthorne, son of Nathaniel, "produced crime and near-crime fiction near the turn of the century which some connoisseurs feel has been unfairly neglected. Charles Honce writes 'he was half a century too soon. The author began writing almost incidentally to help family finances. This is her first published book though not the first written , to be followed by many others. Her first novel, written while recuperating from an operation, was serialized in This tale of forgery and blackmail begins with the wrecking of "The Washington Flyer.
The author's only excursion into the field. Two of the eleven short stories are outstanding: The author, inventor and statistician, lays his tales in the village of Mason's Corner, near Boston. The first English edition of Reeve's first novel published in America the same year under the less explicit title The Silent Bullet. The "American Sherlock Holmes," was extremely popular for a decade. But, as Hayward remarks, "It is doubtful if any other fictional sleuth of similar temporal prominence has fallen so completely into limbo.
Reeve, as so many others have, based his detective on an actual person, Dr. Schultz, sometime medical adviser to the district attorney of New York. And though Kennedy's "science" dramatizing the mechanical wonders of his times is absurdly dated, it is to his credit that he applied Freud to detection twenty years before the general public ever heard of psychoanalysis. Miss Wells published over seventy-five mystery novels almost all featuring the same detective.
An enormous worker—she produced close to volumes—she may finally be remembered as an early and enthusiastic devotee, collector, and first bibliographer of Walt Whitman. The first correspondence-school detective—a small-town paperhanger who has a framed diploma from the Rising Sun Detective Agency and little control of the King's English. Boston Blackie operated out of San Francisco, around the time of the fire. He and Detective Sherwood form a mutual admiration society which leads to a happy ending. Though not strictly detective stories, these famous tales of Mr. Tutt of the stogy and stovepipe hat, defender of the innocent, and remarkable lawyer, were extremely popular and foreshadowed Perry Mason.
Originally serialized in the Saturday Evening Post. The author's "Apology" states: It is only fair to state, however, that the author has in this version taken as many high-handed liberties with the version used by the photoplay director as the latter took with the original. The chance to get even for once was too tempting. The first of this very successful series. Father Knox had proclaimed in "The Art of the Mystery Story" that "a Chinese character should never figure in a mystery story" although he confessed he didn't know why.
In this first tale, Charlie was a Chinese-Hawaiian assistant detective—possibly based on Chang Apana, one of the few Chinese members of the Honolulu police force.
But Biggers grew to like him, promoted him to the rank of detective sergeant and furnished him with a large family. Chan was the first and most successful 'domestic detective. The beginning of a famous series. Based on the murder of the bridge expert Joseph Ewell in One of newsman Casey's most memorable efforts was his amusing study of the mores of the British school of mystery writers, "Oh, England!
Full of Sin" which appeared in Scribners Magazine , April, The first work of these notable collaborators, each subtitled "A Problem in Deduction. Carr's first detective story and the beginning of a remarkable career. This precedes the English edition by a month. One of the earliest of the Harper "Sealed Mystery" stories. Considered by some to be the best of her large output, this is her first book. The first appearance of Sam Spade. This was made into a famous movie with Humphrey Bogart, Mary Astor, Peter Lorre, and Sidney Greenstreet which, fortunately, has had many appearances on the reruns of the late shows.
The dust jacket bears the note, of some historical interest: Whether it does so appear at that time or later will depend on how large a sale it enjoys during the first two years it is on sale. Usually it is possible to produce cheap editions only of those books that sell widely at the original price. The dust jacket bears on front cover and spine a picture of the author.
The First Hundred Years of Detective Fiction.
The first Asey Mayo story. The first of the long-lasting adventures, in print and on radio, of: Vincent Starrett's copy with his pencilled note: The author's first, of only two, detective novels. The fifth of this famous series, still advertised as "the book actually used to convict a murderer in Arizona," which it did. Probably the first time murder is committed by not in a golf club. The second Nero Wolf book by Hoosier-born Stout.
Haycraft remarks that in his opinion this is the one example "of a Watson who steals the play from his Holmes, and a first rate Holmes to boot. As with Elliot Paul, the Lockridges combined humor with murder. Starrett relates how the movie version of this was so changed he had to sit through the whole show to discover how it ended. Starrett's favorite detective creation bore the attractive name Jimmy Lavender, after his favorite old-time Chicago Cub's pitcher.
He hadn't been clean that day and he certainly wasn't sober. A most entertaining story of the rare book world. If memory serves, the author, a dealer himself, or rather scout, was known at the time as "The Hollywood Kid. I E34 ALF. The detective is a book salesman as, at one time, was the author. The detective "followed the occupation of consulting expert on old or pseudo-old books, manuscripts and autographs.
The first of the author's scanty output of seven novels, done when he was fifty-one. This became a movie, starring Bogart and with dialogue by Faulkner. The author's second book, considered by himself to be his best. A newspaper man, he began writing for Black Mask at the age of forty-five, and Philip Marlowe is in its best tradition.
Chandler has become a symbol of "An American Genre," and his work, literature. Beekman, The Massachusetts Review , Winter, Despite this horrendous handicap, they are excellent reading. Beginning with Discovery , exhibition catalogues and other publications from The Lilly Library are numbered consecutively. A list of the unnumbered publications most are out of print issued prior to this series follows:. Designed and edited by the Indiana University Office of Publications, fifteen hundred copies of this catalogue have been printed.
The text is set in point Helvetica; the stock is pound white offset. Lilly Library Indiana University, Bloomington. We couldn't put in all the great Or even all the small And many names with sterling claims We haven't used at all. But here's a rather varied lot As anyone can see And all and each, by deed and speech Adorned: Hagen, Who Done It?
Howard Haycraft, Murder for Pleasure. Randall, Dukedom Large Enough. Julian Symons, Bloody Murder. The Murders in the Rue Morgue. The first printing and the beginning of it all. The Prose Romances of Edgar A. Each number complete in itself. The Mystery of Marie Roget. A Christmas and Birthday Present. The first printing of the third of Poe's detective tales. In Chamber's Edinburgh Journal , November 30, Thou Art the Man.
In Godey's Magazine and Ladies' Book. New York and London: Wiley and Putnam, Tales of Mystery and Imagination. Milner and Sowerly This editon appears to be unrecorded by bibliographers. A42 Lilly Library call number: Traduction de Charles Baudelaire. Etchings by Monnard after Farneti. A Study in Scarlet. In Beeton's Christmas Annual. Ward, Lock , The Sign of the Four. Original red cloth, first issue with "Spencer Blackett's Standard Library" stamped on the backstrip. The Return of Sherlock Holmes. The Hound of the Baskervilles.
The Valley of Fear. Some Reminiscences of Sherlock Holmes. The Case-Book of Sherlock Holmes. Folio, white vellum, original autograph manuscript, 23 pages, signed on the front cover and on the final page.
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Sherlock Holmes and Father Brown. A Hitherto Unchronicled Adventure of Mr. Privately Printed for the Friends of Walter M. Yellow boards, paper label. Together with important biographies, pastiches, articles, etc. Gaboriau to Simenon—France 1. Hunt and Clarke, Le Crime de l'Omnibus. Plon, Nourrit et Cie, The Day of Reckoning. Grant Richards , Maroon and black cloth. Maroon pictorial cloth, first issue. The Mystery of the Yellow Room. First issue with the advertisement of The Daily Mail Sixpenny Novel series of which this volume is no.
Together with the Second English Edition London: Arnold, but the first in "hard covers," yellow decorated cloth. The Perfume of the Lady in Black. The Almalgamated Press First English Edition, first and second issues, pictorial wrappers. A sequel to the above. I53 P Lilly Library call number: England to Blue illustrated paper wrappers. Recollections of a Detective Police-Officer.
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Martel, Charles Thomas Delf. Bolter an ex-Bow Street runner and others Lilly Library call number: M8 vault Lilly Library call number: Under Lock and Key. Originally Paul Davies, an "ex-detective of the police office, recently dismissed from the force for over-zealous behaviour"; later, David Arden, a gentleman of wealth and title. Is He the Man?
An anonymous inspector of police. Ward and Downey, The Mystery of a Hansom Cab. The Hansom Cab Publishing Co. Early, One Hundred Thousand, edition. Original front wrapper preserved. Henderson, William, Chief Constable of Edinburgh. Oliphant, Anderson and Ferrier, The Queen Anne's Gate Mystery. The Man from Manchester. Hill, Headon Francis Edward Grainger. Clues from a Detective's Camera. The first of the four Hewitt books. Jewel Mysteries I Have Known.
From a Dealer's Note-Book. Title page and cover designed by Beardsley. Stories from the Diary of a Doctor. Scarlet cloth, gilt top. Paul Beck, the Rule of Thumb Detective. Dora Myrl, the Lady Detective. Leighton, Marie Conmer and Robert Leighton.
Sherlock Holmes: The great detective lives on – and on
Original decorated brown cloth. The Memoirs of Constantine Dix. The Red Thumb Mark. The first appearance of Dr. The Mystery of 31, New Inn. The Old Man in the Corner. The anonymous Old Man. Lady Molly of Scotland Yard. At the Villa Rose. Light blue cloth, the earliest binding. Hanaud, in his first book. Of course, you will say: I have the best proofs that it would be so. American actor William Gillette was called upon to write a Sherlock Holmes play, and was put in touch with Doyle. When William Gillette was considering how to approach writing a Sherlock Holmes play, he thought it well to provide a love interest for Holmes.
Gillette wired Doyle for his permission: Doyle responded, "You may marry, or murder, or do what you like with him. These anecdotes demonstrate Doyle's attitude at the time toward his detective hero. But Doyle was not quite finished with Mr. While he was visiting a friend, he was told a local legend that he thought would make a grand mystery. Holmes, of course, was dead at this time.
But Doyle realized that it would make a perfect Holmes story after he worked through the idea of creating another detective and realizing he already had one. No, he didn't resurrect Holmes -- at least not yet. He wrote the classic The Hound of the Baskervilles as a reminiscence of Dr. Watson, a previously untold episode that happened to the Great Detective while he was still alive. The Hound was published in serial form in The Strand magazine and was immensely popular.
Touted by many readers and reviewers as one of the best mysteries it appeared on at least one list as one of the four best murder mystery detective stories of all time, along with The Nine Tailors by Dorothy L. Sayers, The Lodger by Mrs. But there came a day when Doyle began to wish that Holmes were still alive, and he began to think of a way to revive him. During the hiatus there was still enormous interest from the reading public for more Sherlock Holmes stories. Doyle needed money, and writing more Sherlock Holmes stories was certain to bring it his way.
It was his mother who suggested the perfect solution, and Doyle wrote "The Adventure of the Empty House," explaining how it came to be that Sherlock Holmes -- long thought dead by the public, the police, and his friends -- was actually still alive. So Sherlock Holmes was resurrected. This final collection was published in book form in , just three years before Doyle died. Holmes was different from the myriads of detectives written about by others.
We are privileged to see aspects of his life from before he met his biographer Dr. Watson until after his retirement. Holmes first discovered his great talent for observation and deduction while still a student. No, that's not quite accurate -- he always knew he had that talent, but he thought that everyone had it. Holmes was to discover the profound impact he was to make on others in "The Gloria Scott," an adventure he told Watson about his first realization that his unique talent was anything but commonplace. Another early adventure Holmes related to Dr. Watson was "The Musgrave Ritual.
Years later, Holmes retired to Sussex to keep bees and study philosophy. This we know from "His Last Bow," which describes how Holmes comes out of retirement in He and Watson reunite to confound enemy agents. These facts have provided fodder for Holmesian scholars to devote much time and energy into arranging all the stories of the Holmesian Canon into chronological sequence. Baring-Gould has provided his own chronology. His annotations include a synthesis of all the major Sherlockian commentators of the day, with his own reasons for where he agrees or disagrees.
He also includes articles galore on every aspect of Holmes that could possibly be of interest to a student of Sherlock. Since the time of Baring-Gould's indispensable two-volume set, Sherlockian scholarship has continued. Leslie Klinger has picked up the torch and has diligently sifted through the several decades of scholarship that was nonexistent when Baring-Gould was writing. Klinger has produced an entirely new set of books with a similar title: This is not simply an updated version of Baring-Gould's work; it is a worthy addition to the volumes of scholarship Sherlockians have produced and should find its place on the bookshelves of all serious students of Sherlockiana.
The Sherlock Holmes stories continue to be held in such high regard world-wide that one wonders how Doyle was able to do it. What did he keep in his "bag of tricks," to pull out and use as needed? And how was he able to misdirect us so we overlooked his sleight of hand tactics? In time to come, this web page will endeavor to include more articles pertaining to more Sherlockian scholarship, the canon, the Sherlockian apocrypha, pastiches, and Holmes as portrayed in various media: And if you ever find yourself in Odessa, Ukraine, you owe it to yourself to visit the wonderful people at Cafe Sherlock.
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