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As oysters have died off their reefs have degraded, losing several inches a year. Scientists are building them back up using rock from a quarry. Here, and throughout the Gulf, a lot of work is going on to help oysters and the communities that depend on them.

Frederick has been overseeing efforts to restore Lone Cabbage reef. Standing on a barge alongside it, Frederick says instead of oyster shells, this reef was rebuilt using rock.

Billions of oysters were killed in the spill, and that was just a small part of the extensive damage done to the environment. Bob Bendick oversees several projects to restore oysters in the Gulf for the Nature Conservancy. He calls the oil spill fund "a unique, maybe once-in-a-generation, or forever opportunity to reverse the decline of oysters in the Gulf. It's beginning a similar project soon in Florida's Pensacola Bay. Bendick says one idea being discussed is a project that would build a chain of new oyster reefs across the Gulf. On Florida's Big Bend coast, there's a lot of support for efforts to rebuild oyster reefs.

Fishing and harvesting oysters, crabs and clams is not just an industry but a way of life here, one that's long been under pressure. Jack Payne, who directs natural resource research at the University of Florida, sees another benefit in restoring the reefs; it may help prepare coastal communities for climate change. As sea levels rise, "this is something that we hope we can apply throughout the Florida coastal system. On the newly built up rocks at Lone Cabbage there are already encouraging signs.

Researchers say young oysters are beginning to show up on the reef. Accessibility links Skip to main content Keyboard shortcuts for audio player. Gulf Oyster Reefs Are Hurting. Now scientists are working to rebuild oyster reefs, helped by settlement money from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Facebook Twitter Flipboard Email. Somehow it all comes together at the end, at the powwow. Family members find one another, and there is some recognition of their losses.

It is a fantastic imagining of the experiences of many. The chapters are long and rangy at the beginning, shortening as the pace quickens and the powwow approaches. The interconnection between characters comes clear. It is beautifully woven together, each party distinct and yet having a similiarly destructive upbringing. What struck me most was, finally, the recognition of what happened to Native Americans and how diminished their legacy within their own tribes.

There are many reasons for this, much of which we now realize was a shared responsibility we did not manage well. Although there may have been writers before who captured that karma, Tommy Orange is particularly skilled at showing us the ravages in a range of folks who struggle under the burden of what they have lost. I alternately read and listened to the audio of this, produced by Random House Audio and featuring a full cast of readers: However you approach this, you will appreciate the insights.

One of those insights helped me with a phenomenon I have never understood. The alcoholic uncle of one character came to visit his sister and her son. One day the uncle told the boy he was dying and was visiting people he knew and liked before his time was done. The young boy asked him why he was still drinking if it was killing him. I been drinking a long time. Some people take pills to feel okay.

Pills will kill you too over time. Some medicine is poison. View all 9 comments. Jul 21, Justin rated it it was ok. It looked like he had some interesting things to say and some heavy topics to discuss. He had a lot of characters to introduce and several stories to tell. It takes concepts other authors have pulled off in the past, throws them all out there together and hopes for the best.

Hoped for the best. There are a whole bunch of plot devices used in There There, there are. You have the short, choppy writing where it feels like every paragraph is separated by a space to make the book seem longer than it actually is. You have the whole Native American story thing, too, but Alexie handles that topic and writes about it so much better.

Good ideas that were pulled taken out of the oven a little early so they were still too doughy in the middle. Ideas that everyone reads about together and either goes all in or wonders what they missed. I definitely missed something here. I'm a closet Choctaw meaning only that I am an enrolled member of the tribe, but not something I broadcast in my everyday life and I was beyond excited to read a modern Indian story.

Yes, as Orange points out, we refer to ourselves as Indian. Don't hate on me. Watch out for Tommy Orange. He is a young Native American writer and he has something to say. This is his debut novel of fiction revolving around a group of contemporary characters, all native, some related to each other, others not. The story is set in Oakland where the characters are all planning to converge upon the annual powwow. Tony Loneman is a dark, year old drifter and is severely affected by fetal alcohol syndrome.

So, no Kevin Costner or John Wayne stuff here. This is the real story of real Indians in the very real 21st Century. Yes, the story is violent, but life in our gun-toting America is violent. Aside from the violence is a deep sense of optimism that resonated with me. Reflective, modern, and beautifully written. Tommy Orange, I will read anything you write! The audio production is brilliantly done by several actors. Jun 26, Rincey rated it really liked it Shelves: Feb 07, Jessica Woodbury rated it really liked it Shelves: These are not the stories of reservation life, they are not the stories of the old ways.

These are the stories of conflict, of the search for identity, of struggle with poverty and addiction and loss, of family and community growing despite the concrete. In these connected stories of Native Americans Orange, like many Natives uses the term "Indian" throughout the book living in Oakland, reservation life is for most not even a distant memory but a place they have never seen or known.

These characters are Indian and biracial, some are raised with Indian traditions, some come from families who avoid their heritage, some are raised in white households without any Indian influence. Common threads run through all of their stories, just like the characters who appear here and there, unexpectedly connected to one character and then another and another. Orange has the kind of prose that grabs you immediately. Reading this gives you the feeling that you are reading an important and groundbreaking book without the work that kind of book often entails.

I sped through chapters, unable to put it down, even though each chapter has the kind of self-contained perfection usually reserved for short stories. A few practical notes for readers: Near the end I had trouble remembering exactly how characters were connected.


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A sheet of paper where you note the name and a couple identifying characteristics of the characters as they get their individual chapters the chapter titles are their names, which simplifies this would have helped me a lot near the end as the chapters get much shorter and we change perspective quickly. I also expect some strong reactions to the ending, it's the kind that comes at a natural end, but also the kind that is just the beginning of a whole other set of stories and it feels like you're picking up momentum just as it ends.

The swiftness of it is probably my least favorite part of this book I loved pretty much everything else but I also appreciated how Orange avoided the kind of moralizing you'd tend to find in this type of ending. It's hard to believe this is a debut. Orange is a major talent and this is a major novel. Welcome to the edge. Forgotten soldier of Paradise Now Paradise is lost. Recognition never realized Salvation lost among the crowd So tell me here beside the sterile sea Where is your nation now? Our heads are on flags, jerseys, and coins.

Our head were on the penny first, of course, the Indian cent, and then on the buffalo nickel, both before we could even vote as a people—which, like the truth of what happened in history all over the world, and like all that spilled blood from slaughter, are now out of circulation. An apple is red on the outhappened in hside and white on the inside. With an upcoming Pow Wow to take place in Oakland, Dene hopes to win a grant to video the stories of those attending. There is no there there. He talks about no one having seen the real Urban Indian story, with all the passion and power.

Stories of despair, of poverty, of wanting to hold on to some part of their identity, of the things that tie them together in some way, but also recognizing how uniquely individual they are. A big thank you to my goodreads friend, Angela. I added this to read this only after reading her review, which let me know this was one I needed to read. Many thanks to the Public Library system, and the many Librarians that manage, organize and keep it running, for the loan of this book! View all 34 comments. Jul 22, Meike rated it it was amazing Shelves: Tommy Orange wrote a fantastic book, it is so strong, powerful, moving and enjoyable, and there's a whole bunch of people you will want to hit over the head with its wisdom or with a physical copy of the book, for a start.

Orange introduces us to more than a dozen Native Americans - men and women, young and old -, all of whom share a connection to Oakland and prepare to go to a big powwow in this v Now Nominated for the National Book Award Aaahhh, what a time to be a reader! Orange introduces us to more than a dozen Native Americans - men and women, young and old -, all of whom share a connection to Oakland and prepare to go to a big powwow in this very city.

The core topic of the multignerational, multivoiced novel is identity: Orange tells stories about the urban Native experience, in a world in which many people connect Native Americans with stereotypes, the rez, or "going back to the land". Orange, who grew up in Oakland and has a Cheyenne father and a white mother, creates a caleidoscope of characters who ask themselves the question what it means to be Native today. They struggle with family problems, alcoholism, depression, and the consequences of being perceived as "ambiguously nonwhite".

Like all of us, they want to belong to their home and their community in this case Oakland , and to connect to their heritage. The voices feel utterly real and the individual people are drawn in a psychologically convincing manner - this is Hanya Yanagihara-level character building right here. I really liked how Orange uses music to illustrate the power of culture. Powwow music plays an important role in the text: The singing, the drumming, the regalia that dancers wear during their performances, and the dancing itself as an act to express one's inner feelings, the pain, the beauty and the pride.

There are also references to Radiohead and Darren Aronofsky's "Requiem for a Dream" which make it clear how art can speak to our inner core and reflect what we carry inside us. One character in the book also continues the documentary film project that his late uncle had started which aims to tell the stories of urban Native Americans in order to improve representation and generate awareness - which is exactly what Tommy Orange does with his book with fictional means, but rooted in his own experiences. Sure, parts of this book are slightly over-constructed, but you know what?

It doesn't matter if I want pure realism, I look out of my window. I was completely absorbed by this novel, I wanted to learn more, to hear more from these characters - it's not only the the importance of the subject matter, this book is a true joy to read it and utterly intriguing. Some people criticized that the ending was over-the-top, but I beg to differ: It's clear from chapter 1 that something like this will eventually happen, and when you read the final chapters closely, you can see how intricately Orange composed those final scenes, and that they are filled to the brim with ideas that point beyond the action in the foreground.

I also disagree that the set-up is Tarantino-esque: I love good old Quentin, but he mostly uses violence as a carthartic element or as over-the-top-entertainment, and Orange does not do that here. The impact of the violence he portrays comes from completely different sources. What a brilliant guy this Tommy Orange is. He needs to write more books, ASAP! View all 29 comments. Jul 29, Beata rated it it was amazing. The novel is exceptional although it is very depressing. I'm not surprised There There has provoked so much discussion with regard to the plight of urban Native Americans trying to rediscover and understand their identity.

There There is a definite food for thought! Jul 22, Jennifer Blankfein rated it it was amazing. So much sorrow as the characters in There There seek connection and struggle with identity…an honest and important debut!

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Author Tommy Orange gives us a window into Native American Indian suffering and challenges with skill. We follow more than a dozen characters, hearing their stories as they prepare to attend a major Pow Wow, a coming together of Natives from all over. As we know, their land was taken away from them, but most have never lived the traditional Indian life on a reservation. They a So much sorrow as the characters in There There seek connection and struggle with identity…an honest and important debut! They are interested in their own culture and history yet they know so very little about where they truly came from, the people, the places, and the rituals and traditions.

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Not knowing their past contributes to unsettled feelings, and a sense of belonging is challenging and often laced with despair. Tony Loneman was born to an alcoholic and has some mental deficits. He plans to go to the Pow Wow to steal money. Dene Oxendene smokes weed. He plans to go to the Pow Wow to interview Natives.

Opal Viola Victoria Bear Shield lived on Alcatraz in protest when she was a child, with her mom, who died of cancer and her sister. She plans to go to the Pow Wow to see her grandson dance. Edwin Black searches online and finds his long lost father. He plans to meet him at the Pow Wow. Everyone is searching for their history, a means to an end and connection while battling despair, addiction, weight issues and social challenges. I found this book, a collection of integrated personal stories, compelling and tragic.

And from a people taken. You were both and neither. I highly recommend this book. View all 6 comments. Oct 20, Theresa Alan rated it liked it. Like we ourselves are something wrong. We drink alcohol because it helps us feel like we can be ourselves and not be afraid. But we punish ourselves with it. Orange takes an unflinching look at the ways white folks have abused Native Americans for hundreds of years—and show no sign of stopping ignoring sacred sites in the pursuit of raping Mother Earth. He also examines Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, alcohol and drug abuse, domestic violence, and other crime among the Indigenous population.

For more reviews, please visit: I agree with that. Nov 29, My book club also read Homegoing and I agree, the multiple characters and alternating chapters worked much better in that novel. I can't think of a novel that needed to be written more than this one. And more than that, needs to be read by everyone in the US. Because Native Americans [have] been defined by everyone else and continue to be slandered despite easy-to-look-up-on-the-internet facts about the realities of our histories and current state as a people.

The story centers around a powwow that will take place in Oakland. The Native Americans that will attend have rich and varied stories. Some know a lot about their hi I can't think of a novel that needed to be written more than this one. Some know a lot about their histories. Some little or none at all. For some, attending is a dream, their first time to hear and see the magical dancing and drums.

They come from all over the country. The first character we meet is Tony Loneman, a Cheyenne Indian. He has fetal alcohol syndrome. He knows that's why people stare at him. He has scored very low on IQ tests. But he has a different kind of intelligence. I know what people have in mind.

What they mean when they say they mean another thing. The [syn]Drome taught me to look past the first look people give you, find that other one, right behind it. His mother is in jail. He doesn't know his father. He's been selling weed on the street since he was He starts rolling with a bad guy named Octavio. Octavio learns Tony's been to lots of powwows, that he even danced in them. Octavio wants to rob the big Oakland powwow with Tony's help.

Dene Oxendene doesn't look Native American. People are forever asking him, "What are you? He's trying to bust stereotypes. People think Urban Indians are pathetic but they're not. He's going to the powwow to record stories. Opal Viola Victoria Bear Shield and her sister Jacquie from a different father move to Alcatraz, yes, that one, where the government is supposed to care for them.

Something horrible happens to Jacquie on the island that will play out later in the story. Her mother reminds them before she dies of cancer to to honor them by living right, by telling your stories. Opal's grandson, who's really her great-nephew will go to the powwow to dance wearing the regalia he found in Opal's closet.

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Edwin Black is half white and half Native American. He is overweight and spends all his time on the internet. All his mom remembers about his dad is that his name is Harvey and that he is Native American Indian a "weird politically correct catchall you only hear from white people who've never known a real Native person. He's in charge of the prize money the Native American participants will receive at the powwow for their performances.

The prize money that some plan to steal. Calvin Johnson is bipolar. His mother died and he lives with his sister. Calvin is Native American. His sister Maggie doesn't like him hanging around their older brother Charles, who is friends with Carlos and Octavio. Charles talked Calvin into trying to rob a powwow once, unsuccessfully. Now Charles and Octavio are talking Calvin into robbing the big powwow in Oakland.

There There by Tommy Orange

But she realizes "you can't sell life is okay when it's not. Substance abuse is also a big problem among the Native American population. She is going to attend the powwow to see her grandson, Orvil, dance. Orvil Red Feather finds the full Indian regalia in Opal's closet. He knew he wanted to dance the first time he saw dancing on TV. But Opal won't tell him about being Cheyenne. He's waiting for something true to appear before him--about him.

It's important that he dress like an Indian, dance like an Indian, even if it is an act, even if he feels like a fraud the whole time, because the only way to be Indian in this world is to look and act like an Indian. To be or not to be Indian depends on it. It's sometimes difficult to keep these characters straight in the novel. They're incredibly diverse like in real life. But also like in real life, they're interconnected. They come together at the powwow. The purpose of the story is to tell the truth about the Native American's story.

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But not in the way you are expecting. There are no bows and arrows. No Indian dressed up like the Lone Ranger's sidekick Tonto. Just real life stories of what it means to be Native American today in the US. With the use of some metaphors. Creepy and gory metaphors. You'll have to take off your blinders for this story. Just when you were getting your feet wet on the slavery issue, you'll have to look deeper into US history. Take a look at what's not in the history books. Prepare to be horrified. And at the same time, mesmerized by this engrossing novel. Jun 15, David Joy rated it it was amazing.

Nevertheless, here I am reading a book for a second time in two days and the only word I can come up with is flawless. This novel is needed. It needs to be read right this very second. It is a tremendous, tremendous accomplishment. View all 3 comments. Dec 01, Carol rated it really liked it Shelves: So many glowing reviews are posted here on this website. But, for me there were too many voices to keep everyone straight in my mind.

In addition, the various family connections were so beyond coincidental and they felt contrived. I wanted to lo 3. I wanted to love this novel because the plight of the Native American is an intriguing topic and such an important story to tell. I was eager for this novel to have more emotional resonance.

The hype was over the top and my expectations were unrealistic. View all 16 comments. Sep 01, Ken rated it it was amazing Shelves: Should a book about Native Americans go on the World Literature shelf? Seems like another world, anyway. With twelve different narrators, each with his or her own chapters and own mini-constellations of connected minor characters, this is not the book you want to pick up in fits and starts w Should a book about Native Americans go on the World Literature shelf?

With twelve different narrators, each with his or her own chapters and own mini-constellations of connected minor characters, this is not the book you want to pick up in fits and starts while you're firing up another work year school, in my case. Yes, I lost track of who was who many times. But the end helps because, as it moves to its inevitable climax, the book shifts to rapid, page chapters. And seeing the names come together, each drawn like a magnet to fate's selfish pull, helped to remind me. She's the one who While the exciting ending gives this the undeniable feel of an action book, it's more a character study -- one where Indian culture itself looms as a character.

It's ever present, like a not-so-Greek chorus, behind every player on the stage. At times, Orange struts his poetic stuff. Thoughtful sentences leavening his patient plot. And no small accomplishment for a debut effort. Where do these young ones get this talent? Jul 08, Paul Fulcher rated it it was ok Shelves: There's something about him that feels like family. There is a lot to like about There There see e.


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Gumble Yard's review https: The most interesting parts of the novel are the commentary in the opening prologue and the interlude but the story of the book itself is ridiculously contrived: Not so much literary fiction, but Pulp Fiction, the capital deliberate as the director is an acknowledged influence on the author.

Wait for the movie. View all 15 comments. The book "There There" cannot be located by search 5 57 Dec 11, Combine Editions plus "There There" cannot be located by search 4 Dec 08, A Novel by Tommy Orange 1 5 Dec 04, There There by Tommy Orange 71 Nov 22, He is an enrolled member of the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma. Books by Tommy Orange. Trivia About There There.

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