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Gregory of Nazianzus c. Property and wealth should be shared, not relinquished. Yet the paradox of 2 Corinthians 6: How could a Christian be…. By the 11th and 12th centuries, capitals were used only for liturgical books, mainly lectionaries, which had to be read in dimly lit churches; but the increasing tortuousness of…. Of aristocratic birth and consummate culture, all three were drawn to the monastic ideal, and Basil and Gregory of Nazianzus achieved literary distinction of the highest order.

While their joint accomplishments in doctrinal definition were indeed outstanding, each made a noteworthy mark….


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Property, poverty, and the poor work produced in Greek handwriting In calligraphy: Eastern Christianity patristic literature In patristic literature: Help us improve this article! Contact our editors with your feedback. Saint Gregory of Nazianzus.

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There was a problem with your submission. Please try again later. Keep Exploring Britannica Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi, Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist…. Gregory I the Great c. He was the first of the popes from a monastic background. Of all popes, Gregory I had the most influence on the early medieval church.

Isidore of Seville c. Indeed, all the later medieval history-writing of Hispania the Iberian Peninsula, comprising modern Spain and Portugal was based on his histories. At a time of disintegration of classical culture and aristocratic violence and illiteracy, he was involved in the conversion of the royal Visigothic Arians to Catholicism, both assisting his brother Leander of Seville and continuing after his brother's death.

Gregory of Nazianzus - Wikipedia

He was influential in the inner circle of Sisebut, Visigothic king of Hispania. Like Leander, he played a prominent role in the Councils of Toledo and Seville. The Visigothic legislation which resulted from these councils is regarded by modern historians as exercising an important influence on the beginnings of representative government. A few Church Fathers wrote in Syriac ; many of their works were also widely translated into Latin and Greek.

He was born in Persia around , but all his known works, the Demonstrations , come from later on in his life. He was an ascetic and celibate , and was almost definitely a son of the covenant an early Syriac form of communal monasticism. He may have been a bishop , and later Syriac tradition places him at the head of Mar Matti monastery near Mosul , in what is now northern Iraq. He was a near contemporary to the slightly younger Ephrem the Syrian , but the latter lived within the sphere of the Roman Empire. Called the Persian Sage Syriac: Ephrem the Syrian ca. He has been declared a Doctor of the Church in Roman Catholicism.

He is especially beloved in the Syriac Orthodox Church. Ephrem wrote a wide variety of hymns, poems , and sermons in verse, as well as prose biblical exegesis. These were works of practical theology for the edification of the church in troubled times. So popular were his works, that, for centuries after his death, Christian authors wrote hundreds of pseudepigraphal works in his name.

He has been called the most significant of all of the fathers of the Syriac-speaking church tradition. Isaac of Antioch — , one of the stars of Syriac literature , is the reputed author of a large number of metrical homilies The fullest list, by Gustav Bickell , contains which are extant in MSS , many of which are distinguished by an originality and acumen rare among Syriac writers.

Isaac of Nineveh was a 7th-century Assyrian bishop and theologian best remembered for his written work. He is also regarded as a saint in the Church of the East , the Catholic Church , the Eastern Orthodox Church and among the Oriental Orthodox Churches, making him the last saint chronologically to be recognised by every apostolic Church. His feast day falls on January Isaac is remembered for his spiritual homilies on the inner life, which have a human breadth and theological depth that transcends the Nestorian Christianity of the Church to which he belonged. They survive in Syriac manuscripts and in Greek and Arabic translations.

The Desert Fathers were early monastics living in the Egyptian desert; although they did not write as much, their influence was also great. Among them are Anthony the Great and Pachomius. Many of their, usually short, sayings are collected in the Apophthegmata Patrum "Sayings of the Desert Fathers". In the Roman Catholic Church, John of Damascus , who lived in the 8th century, is generally considered to be a Doctor of the Church and at the same time the first seed of the next period of church writers, scholasticism. The Eastern Orthodox Church does not consider the age of Church Fathers to be over and includes later influential writers up to the present day.

The Orthodox view is that men do not have to agree on every detail, much less be infallible, to be considered Church Fathers. Rather, Orthodox doctrine is determined by the consensus of the Holy Fathers—those points on which they do agree.

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This consensus guides the church in questions of dogma , the correct interpretation of scripture , and to distinguish the authentic sacred tradition of the Church from false teachings. The original Lutheran Augsburg Confession of , for example, and the later Formula of Concord of —, each begin with the mention of the doctrine professed by the Fathers of the First Council of Nicea.

Though much Protestant religious thought is based on sola scriptura the principle that the Bible itself is the ultimate authority in doctrinal matters , [ citation needed ] the first Protestant reformers, like the Catholic and Orthodox churches, used the theological interpretations of scripture set forth by the early Church Fathers.

John Calvin 's French Confession of Faith of states, "And we confess that which has been established by the ancient councils, and we detest all sects and heresies which were rejected by the holy doctors, such as St. The Thirty-nine Articles of the Church of England , both the original of and the American version of , explicitly accept the Nicene Creed in article 7. Even when a particular Protestant confessional formula does not mention the Nicene Council or its creed, its doctrine is nonetheless always asserted, as, for example, in the Presbyterian Westminster Confession of Many Protestant seminaries provide courses on Patristics as part of their curriculum, and many historic Protestant churches emphasize the importance of tradition and of the fathers in scriptural interpretation.

Such an emphasis is even more pronounced in certain streams of Protestant thought, such as Paleo-Orthodoxy. Works of fathers in early Christianity , prior to Nicene Christianity , were translated into English in a 19th-century collection Ante-Nicene Fathers. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jesus in Christianity Virgin birth Crucifixion Resurrection. Pope Clement I and Clement of Rome. Mosaic of Christ Pantocrator , Hagia Sophia. Paschal cycle 12 Great Feasts Other feasts: Feast of Orthodoxy Intercession of the Theotokos.

Retrieved 11 May Reading Scripture with the Church Fathers. History of the Concept of Mind. Retrieved 30 June Oxford University Press, Translated by Lake, Kirsopp. Retrieved 6 March The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. Gregory I at about. Symbols of the cross in the writings of the early Syriac Fathers.

Retrieved 8 June Anthony Meredith presents a diverse range of Gregory's writings:.

Saint Gregory of Nazianzus

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The translator is highly concerned about ma -"Journal of Early Christian Studies He is the author of The Cappadocians Would you like to tell us about a lower price? If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? Learn more about Amazon Prime. Anthony Meredith presents a diverse range of Gregory's writings: Read more Read less. Prime Book Box for Kids. Customers who viewed this item also viewed. Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1. Saint Gregory of Nyssa Collection: Saint Gregory of Nyssa.

From Glory to Glory: Texts from Gregory of Nyssa's Mystical Writings. Customers who bought this item also bought. On God and Christ: Vladimir's Seminary Press St. Hans Urs von Balthasar. On the Soul and the Resurrection: St Gregory of Nyssa.