A northeast wind which blows on the coast of South America or an east wind which blows on Puerto Rico during the trade wind season. The northeast monsoon in the Philippines. Brisote The northeast trade wind when it is blowing stronger than usual on Cuba. Brubu A name for a squall in the East Indies. Bull's Eye Squall A squall forming in fair weather, characteristic of the ocean off the coast of South Africa.
It is named for the peculiar appearance of the small isolated cloud marking the top of the invisible vortex of the storm. Cape Doctor The strong southeast wind which blows on the South African coast. Caver, Kaver A gentle breeze in the Hebrides. Chinook A type of foehn wind. Refers to the warm downslope wind in the Rocky Mountains that may occur after an intense cold spell when the temperature could rise by 20 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit in a matter of minutes. Also known as the Snow Eater. Chubasco A violent squall with thunder and lightning, encountered during the rainy season along the west coast of Central America.
Churada A severe rain squall in the Mariana Islands during the northeast monsoon. Contrastes Winds a short distance apart blowing from opposite quadrants, frequent in the spring and fall in the western Mediterranean. Cordonazo The "Lash of St. It is associated with tropical cyclones in the southeastern North Pacific Ocean.
The Winds of the World
These storms may occur from May to November, but ordinarily affect the coastal areas most severely near or after the Feast of St. Cyclone A severe tropical storm i. See also Hurricane and Typhoon. The term is also applied to closed circulations in the mid latitudes and also popularly to small scale circulations such as tornadoes. Diablo Northern California version of Santa Ana winds. These winds occur below canyons in the East Bay hills Diablo range and in extreme cases can exceed 60 mph. They develop due to high pressure over Nevada and lower pressure along the central California coast.
A cooling sea breeze in the Tropics. The strong SE wind which blows on the south African coast. Elephanta A strong southerly or southeasterly wind which blows on the Malabar coast of India during the months of September and October and marks the end of the southwest monsoon.
Etesian A refreshing northerly summer wind of the Mediterranean, especially over the Aegean Sea. Euros The Greek name for the rainy, stormy southeast wind. Foehn A warm dry wind on the lee side of a mountain range, whose temperature is increased as the wind descends down the slope. It is created when air flows downhill from a high elevation, raising the temperature by adiabatic compression.
Examples include the Chinook wind and the Santa Ana wind. Classified as a katabatic wind. Fremantle Doctor A cooling seabreeze in Western Australia,often made note of during hot summer-time cricket matches. Gregale A strong northeast wind of the central Mediterranean. The name come from the Arabic word, "habb", meaning wind.
Bill Mork, California State Climatologist. In South America, the Andes mountain range blocks Pacific moisture that arrives in that continent, resulting in a desertlike climate just downwind across western Argentina. Insects are swept along by the prevailing winds, while birds follow their own course.
Because of this, wind barrier strips have been developed to minimize this type of erosion. The strips can be in the form of soil ridges, crop strips, crops rows, or trees which act as wind breaks.
They are oriented perpendicular to the wind in order to be most effective. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Orographic lift , Precipitation types meteorology , and United States rainfall climatology. Dune , Erosion , and Insect. Archived at the Wayback Machine. Natural Resources Conservation Service. Archived from the original on Archived from the original PDF on The National Oceanographic Partnership Program. Rasmussen; John Turner University of Wisconsin -Stevens Point. Sea and Land Breezes.
An Online School For Weather What is a monsoon? Hahn and Syukuro Manabe Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences , vol. The influence of mesoscale orography on a coastal jet and rainband. Monthly weather review, vol. Introduction to the Hydrosphere e. The Climate of the Earth. University of Oklahoma Press, p. Geology of Death Valley.
Birds migrate together at night in dispersed flocks, new study indicates. University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign. In the Great Plains: Prevailing Wind Erosion Direction. Wind as a geological process on Earth, Mars, Venus and Titan.
As part of the Hadley cell , surface air flows toward the equator while the flow aloft is towards the poles. A low-pressure area of calm, light variable winds near the equator is known as the doldrums ,  near-equatorial trough,  intertropical front, or the Intertropical Convergence Zone. The subsident sinking air is relatively dry because as it descends, the temperature increases, but the absolute humidity remains constant, which lowers the relative humidity of the air mass.
This warm, dry air is known as a superior air mass and normally resides above a maritime tropical warm and moist air mass. An increase of temperature with height is known as a temperature inversion. When it occurs within a trade wind regime, it is known as a trade wind inversion.
The surface air that flows from these subtropical high-pressure belts toward the Equator is deflected toward the west in both hemispheres by the Coriolis effect. The trade winds of both hemispheres meet at the doldrums. As they blow across tropical regions, air masses heat up over lower latitudes due to more direct sunlight. Those that develop over land continental are drier and hotter than those that develop over oceans maritime , and travel northward on the western periphery of the subtropical ridge.
The Winds of the World by Talbot Mundy
The cold phase of the AO leads to weaker trade winds. During mid-summer in the Northern Hemisphere July , the westward-moving trade winds south of the northward-moving subtropical ridge expand northwestward from the Caribbean sea into southeastern North America Florida and Gulf Coast. When dust from the Sahara moving around the southern periphery of the ridge travels over land, rainfall is suppressed and the sky changes from a blue to a white appearance which leads to an increase in red sunsets.
Its presence negatively impacts air quality by adding to the count of airborne particulates. There is a large variability in the dust transport to the Caribbean and Florida from year to year. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.