Vitriolage is almost impossible to watch, and yet the craft behind it particularly the smooth, slicing camera-work to some extent diffuses the misogynistic overtures of the narrative.
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It's a breakup movie in which the man's feelings of betrayal and rage are powerfully externalized and directed against the female form. In terms of surface detail, the fetishization of the torture implements ally it with the likes of Saw, Hostel, and their ilk, but the approach is intellectually distanced, so that it almost resembles a deconstruction of the torture genre.
Remember, this is the same director who gave us a sensitive Carver adaptation. The viewer's identification with the victim builds to an almost unendurable degree, and yet, at the precise moment all hope evaporates, Goyins takes us beyond fear, beyond punishment. A near masterpiece of discomfort. Enjoy a night in with these popular movies available to stream now with Prime Video.
Start your free trial. Find showtimes, watch trailers, browse photos, track your Watchlist and rate your favorite movies and TV shows on your phone or tablet! Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends. Full Cast and Crew. Goyins story , Gregory D.
Wait, Is Mary Poppins a Witch? Photos Add Image Add an image Do you have any images for this title? Acid attack leads to the destruction of both body and soul. Some of the effects or consequences of acid attack are: There is a higher level of anxiety, depression, due to their appearance reported among acid attack victims. Increased self-consciousness and lowered self-esteem is reported by women both in general and in the social sphere.
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They are embarrassed that people may stare or laugh at them and may hesitate to leave their homes fearing an adverse reaction from the outside world. Victims who are not married are not likely to get married and those victims who have got serious disabilities because of an attack like blindness, will not find jobs and earn a living. Discrimination from other people, or disabilities such as blindness, makes it very difficult for victims to fend for themselves and they become dependent on others for food and money.
As a majority of acid attacks are aimed at the face, several articles thoroughly reviewed the medical implications for these victims. Severity of the damage depends on the concentration of the acid and the period of time before the acid is thoroughly washed off with water or neutralized with a neutralizing agent. The acid can rapidly eat away skin, the layer of fat beneath the skin, and in some cases even the underlying bone. Statistical Overview Before Indian criminal law did not recognize acid violence cases as a separate offence. So, there is no separate statistics for acid violence cases before In Feb amendment in Indian Penal Code took place because of which episodes of acid attack are presently being recorded as a separate offence under section A and B.
The first data available after the amendment relate to the year when cases were reported from all over India.
This indicates a steep rise compared to the previous years — in and in Among the states and UT-s, West Bengal registered a jump of Number of incidents recorded in Uttar Pradesh second largest number of victims during the year remained static at 61 while Delhi recorded marginal rise from 21 in to 23 and has recorded the 3rd largest number of victims. Punjab recorded the 4th highest number of victims at 18 compared to 7 in — Megha Mishra, manager of the North India of the Acid Attack survivor Foundation India, has seen circumstances where survivors keep on staying with the attacker, if it is a family member or a relative, for they have no place else to go.
Harmed and blinded, women find hard to get jobs and are unable to support themselves. These cases reflect the express lack of care of the arrangement of administration and equity, and consider ineffectively us as a general public. India has ratified this Declaration and is under an obligation to implement the same. Article 4 f of this declaration recommends member states to develop preventive approaches for violence against women by legal measures.
There should be separate provisions for granting exemplary damages to the victims of such crime. The parliament of India has the power to make laws to give effect to these international agreements under Article of Indian Constitution. Therefore it can be construe that India has an obligation to effectively curb the menace of acid violence.
Before there was no specific provision to deal with this type of brutal crime. Prior to the offence was registered under sec , , , and of Indian Penal Code. Section defines what constitutes "grievous hurt". Whereas section deals with "Voluntarily causing grievous hurt". Suppose if the perpetrator causes only skin damage and no other damage to the victim of acid attack, then it would not amount to grievous hurt as defined under section of IPC because under this section grievous hurt has been defined as emasculation of the victim's reproductive and sexual organs, permanent privation of the sight of either eye, permanent privation of the hearing of either ear, privation of any member or joint, the destruction or permanent impairing of any member or joint, permanent disfiguration of the head or face, fracture or dislocation of a bone or a tooth, and any hurt that endangers life or which causes the sufferer to be during the space of 20 days in severe bodily pain, or unable to follow [her or his] ordinary pursuits.
The definition of grievous hurt does not subsume the contempt, sensitivity and disgrace that the victims of acid attack face and nor does it mull over the loss of earning capacity of the victim. This minimal punishment can't be compared with the huge loss suffered by the victim. These punishments are insufficient to deal with the perils of acid attack.
Whether perpetrator of acid attack is to be charged under "grievous hurt" or "hurt" was a highly contentious issue and left a great void in criminal justice system. In addition to this there was no provision in the code regarding attempt to throw acid. Moreover, the sad part was the term "Acid Attack" was nowhere defined in the code. There was a need to fill the gap that was present in the old piece of legislation. Due to the increase in the cases of acid attack or vitriolage and on the recommendation of Justice Verma Committee report, the then government of India finally decided to amend the old piece of legislation and bring in some new ones.
Even the Apex Court strongly condemned the then Government for failing miserably to formulate a policy to reduce acid attack violence on women. The Law Commission, headed by Justice A. After the gruesome incident of gang rape that had happened in December , Justice Verma committee was formed to propose changes in the then existing laws. Hence, this pave the path to the formation of the Criminal Amendment Act, which has been gazette on 2nd April with the object of making specific provision for punishment in case of grievous hurt by use of acid etc.
Section A states — "Whoever causes permanent or partial damage or deformity to, or burns or maims or disfigures or disables, any part or parts of the body of a person or causes grievous hurt by throwing acid on or by administering acid to that person, or by using any other means with the intention of causing or with the knowledge that he is likely to cause such injury or hurt, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which shall not be less than ten years but which may extend to imprisonment for life, and with fine.
Provided further that any fine imposed under this section shall be paid to the victim. Under this newly added clause, an act of throwing acid or even an attempt to throw or administer acid which may be reasonable to cause the apprehension that grievous hurt will otherwise be the consequence of such act. It states that "all hospitals, public or private, whether run by the Central Government, the State Government, local bodies, shall immediately provide first-aid or medical treatment, free of cost to the victims of any offence covered under Sections A, , A, B, C, D or E of the Indian Penal Code, and shall also inform the police immediately.
This bill provide for prevention of acid attacks by regulation of sale, supply and use of acid or other measures and rehabilitation of women victims of acid attacks and matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. In order to facilitate rehabilitation of acid attack victims and to prevent unregulated sale of acid, the Bill proposes to make the following provisions: The supreme court, and High courts have power to issue writs in the nature of habeas corpus , quo With the purpose of giving effect to the Land Boundary Agreement, signed between the Govern In this case, husband poured acid on a woman because she refused to grant him divorce.
Cases Related To Acid Attack
The husband was engaged in extra — marital affair. Victim suffered multiple acid burns on her face and other parts of the body, leading her to death. The accused was convicted under section of the IPC. However, life imprisonment was not imposed even though the victim had died.
Case was decided by the Apex Court. Haseena Hussain's Case : Joseph Rodriguez, the ex — boss of the victim threw sulphuric acid on her when she decided to relinquished her job. The corrosive melted her face, fused her shoulder and neck, burnt a hole in her head, blended her fingers and blinded her for life. The accused was convicted under section of IPC and was sentenced to imprisonment for life.
Vitriolage - The Brutalization of Human Body
This case is important because court has awarded compensation of Rs. Laxmi's Case  — one of the most important cases of vitriolage which has changed the perception of Apex Court regarding acid attack was the case of Laxmi's. The accused were awarded rigorous imprisonment of 7 and 10 years respectively. Preeti had got a job of Lieutenant in Indian Navy and had come to Mumbai to join the naval hospital in Colaba on 2nd may , on her way to work, a man threw acid on her face which completely damaged her eye and infected her kidneys.
In addition to this acid has entered her windpipe and trachea causing her unbearable pain. She succumbed to injuries and lost her life. This case is a landmark case because in this case special women's court sentenced year-old Ankur Panwar to death for a fatal acid attack on year-old nurse Preeti Rathi at Bandra terminus in May This is the first time convict of acid attack in India has been sentenced to death. Though judiciary has come a long way while dealing with the cases of vitriolage. But still there is a long way to go.
How To Stop Acid Attacks? Although government is taking proper measures to curb down the growth of acid attacks in our country. Still our nation wants more stringent laws and punishment regarding this. As our lawmakers have asked the person buying acid to produce before the shopkeeper a valid id card and the purpose of usage but the changes that need to be made are that the government should list down the areas where acid can be used and the quantity along with it. A person using more than prescribed quantity should be punished accordingly.
There should be separate shops for acids only in a particular locality so that it can be easy to trace the wrongdoer. Any form of acid should not be available at general stores, this should be completely banned. There is a need of stricter regulation on acid sales in order to tackle this social issue. Moreover, Framing of law is not sufficient. It has to be executed in proper manner.
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Indian judiciary is burdened with huge no of cases. It takes years for the trial to take place.
Perpetrators of the crime are not punished for several years in spite of having stringent laws. There is need to have separate bench or tribunal to set up for speedy and expeditious justice for acid attack victims.
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Such body will be exclusively reserved for cases related to acid attack which will ensure quick deliverance of justice and legal aid to victims. Police should play leading and crucial part to curb the menace of crime. However, in a country like India role of investigating agency is not up to the mark. The move that the police make is inadequate and ineffective particularly, when it comes to stop the violence against women. They are obtuse in their conduct to deal with the victims of rape, and different kinds of viciousness regardless of SC's strict rules on the issue.
What will you do by just being bodily beautiful? Even the ones who threw acid at us were beautiful from outside.