Under the sacred tree they prepare a banquet and a sacrifice; they bring two white steers whose horns have not yet carried a yoke. A priest in a white robe climbs the tree: The druids then kill the victims while asking the god that the mistletoe may bring happiness to all to whom he has given it. Also they confided the education of their children to the druids, even of those not destined to become priests.
In each city and maybe also in centers away from the cities, the druids led real scholastic establishments. They are the masters who shape the youth of Gaul. The education they give consists of the learning by heart by the pupils of a great number of verses. Aengus divides the Irish Saints into three classes. The first class, extending from the year to , begins with St. Patrick, and numbers Saints, all bishops and founders of Churches. Patrick; one Mass; one mode of celebration; one tonsure from ear to ear. The second class, extending from the year to , counts Saints. The third class, extending from the year to , numbers Saints, comprising bishops, priests, and laymen.
In the whole island, sometimes there were only a few bishops, and they concealed in their hiding-places ; the priests, who succeeded to land in Ireland from the Continent, travelled through the country in disguise, preparing the dying, encouraging the living, and not unfrequently sealing their faith in their blood; our Cathedrals were converted into Protestant conventicles, and no church or chapel left through the land. Approbations Owing to continuous absence from home for a lengthened period, I could not acknowledge your kind letter and thank you for your gift earlier.
In danger from the sea. Many of them were sick or crippled; that is why, in a quite large circle around Mont-Saint-Michel , hospitals, leproseries and poor houses had been erected. These hospitals, usually administered by clerics, could not shelter all who asked for help. The deplorable hygienic conditions in which the pilgrims live, contaminated the land.
Leprosy especially ravaged the land and the leper houses where the unfortunates were treated, for better or worse, were always full. Les bords de celle ouverture sont un peu amincis, lisses au dehors comme au-dedans. Footnote  The head of saint Aubert is preserved still at the basilica of Saint-Gervais in Avranches. Tradition has it that the archangel saint Michael, while appearing to saint Aubert, put his finger in the skull of the the bishop who did listen to his commands.
This curious relic shows us that the bone of the skull and of the face are still attached. The only things missing are the lower maxillary bone and the teeth of the upper jaw: The rims of the opening are a bit thinner, smooth outside as inside. Nothing in the periphery of the opening, neither in the length of the bone, shows the action of an instrument, the application of something biting or corrosive.
Everything is mooth as if this opening had been made without violence and a long time befor the death of the subject. We can neither assume that this opening was the result of the application of a trephine of which it does not show the form. This miraculous water was sold in bottles to the pilgrims. Je les ai vus bien souvent passer en troupes. Sur les chroniques allemandes consultez: For the most part these were children of 13 years old. They sang canticles to Saint Michael and before them went a flag with an image of the archangel.
I have often seen them pass in groups. On the German chronicles consult: These strange movements have been carefully analysed by different authors from beyond the Rhine. Janssen found in these episodes the old habit of the Germans to run across the world, the currendi libido? The ideal lasts only for a time. Le Mont Saint-Michel inconnu 69 n: Archives du Calvados , mai ; Certificats. Archives du Calvados , May ; Certificates. Parmi ces poissons, mulets, bars, plies, soles, esturgeons, maquereaux, etc. It has been claimed but we have not been able to find definite proof of the fact that before salmon was so common in the country that domestics in the farms on the Normandy coast forced on their masters when they applied for a position the condition not to have them eat salmon more than three times a week.
Unfortunately the fire of , the result of a thunderstorm, destroyed the abbey: Huynes, destroyed the church: It seemed impossible to rebuild such a magnificent monastery, burnt five times already, and that it was a clear sign that God did not like such splendid buildings. It carries the arms of the abbey and that of the Benedictines of the Congregation of Saint-Maur. Fleming St Patrick viii: The fifth Life, written by Probus, an Irish monk who died in Meyence in the year , is considered to be an amended version of St. Fleming St Patrick vii: The seventh, or Tripartite Life, is of a much later date.
Fleming St Patrick Probus states that St. Patrick, after he fled from Ireland , landed at Bordeaux Brotgalum. Its tonnage was no more than 50; Kyde had also chartered a whaler of 31 tonnage; these two ships had 13 armed men and 56 archers and sailors. One was called The Trinity; she had been brought from Orwell England by Gautier Dubois; its weight wqs 80, it took 29 sailors in defense and in crew.
Wichelsea had armed Le George and maybe The Trinity too, with 20 men captain included. Granville had armed a vessel that belonged to Damours le Bouffi; it had a tonnage of 15, with 17 sailors and soldiers on board. Perhaps inspired by the Homeric list of ships of the English fleet on page , on their way to fight the French in , from which the above quotation is taken. But see l. Maclovii pardis dat vulnera cancer in vadis. Il contient, en effet. The text itself of the Chronicle of the Mont says so explicitly: The paragraph ends like this: The Latin motto translates as: Au total une garnison de.
Every armed man was accompanied by a page and a courtier; two archers had one servant. So when at a certain date it is claimed that 20 armed men were at Tombelaine, that means the following: A total garrison of … men. Knox and the Reformation. Presumably a follower of John Knox c.
The orthographic shift of the names its frequent when it involves the transcription of foreign names. These prisoners were men of renown. Norman Lesley was, we know, one of the most distinguished champions of the Scottish Reformation. In Lesley, at the head of a small group of fifteen men, butchered cardinal Beaton at the castle of Saint Andrew and locked himself in the fortress he had just taken with Knox, the great Scottish reformer. Pelham or Adventures of a Gentleman. Novel by Bulwer Lytton, published Four years before the Stapleton was jailed, there entered in the prison of the mount, the gazetteer Victor de la Castagne, better known under the name of Dubourg, originally from Espalion.
The prisoner died voluntarily of hunger on 26 August He had arrived on the Mont in September ; he was detained for a little less than a year and not thirty as some authors have claimed. He was held on the Mont for several years. He was a writer, less famous for his work than for his bad luck. It is true that it was baptized Free Mount and later Villefranche.
From to it can be said that Les Chevaliers de Saint-Michel. The superior administration was plagued by complaints of all kinds.
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The doctors were ignorant, the chaplain was treated as a monster in soutane, the director was barbaric tyrant and a uniformed Nero. Especially the chaplain was vilified. Auguste Blanqui wrote to his friend Fulgence Girard, lawyer at the bar in Avranches: He is known as a greedy man, without faith, bad, false; he is dirty as a comb and uglier than the ugliest of monkeys. He is the one who thought up the iron bars that have turned our cells into iron cages. See o and h. Le Mont Saint-Michel inconnu n 2: They were no more than latrines or else mass graves.
We understand that the besieged could not throw beyond the ramparts the bodies of those who had died inside the Mont , monks or soldiers. They were made to disappear in hidden holes that the political passions had transformed into abominable in pace! A book or table in which the places of the heavenly bodies and other astronomical matters are tabulated in advance for each day of a certain period; an astronomical almanac see OED.
Dans ce manuscrit, chaque mois commence par un vers? Il indique les jours funestes de chaque mois. It indicates the unlucky days of each month. To this day tourists, admiring and credulous people, are shown a very beautiful tower, called the Guet Tower. But historical truth does not agree for the excellent reason that the Guet Tower was built under Robert Jolivet, between and It is enough to look at the tower once to recognize the building methods of the fifteenth century.
But Tiphaine died in Dinan in , i. In any case, to us the date seems very questionable. His name was Geoffroy of Servon, a name based, undoubtedly, on a small parish at approximately three leagues from Mont Saint-Michel which had as its lords the noble lineage of the Foulques Paynel. The girls from Landerneau. Who smells like thyme and white roses? The girls of Lesneven]. Not found in Myrdhinn.
This is the single occurrence of the word in the book. He is seated on a black horse, his coat is black, his hair is black, his face is black and he is black all over. Merlin recognised Colombanus, the great doctor of the Irish church ]. Patrick in the year moved onward to a place called Druim-Sailech, or the Field of Sallows, but afterwards called Armagh , on account of its eminence. Feeling that she was close to the end, although her fortieth spring had not yet blossomed, she called Geoffroy de Servon to her side. Six hours was enough to go from the Mont to Dinan.
He consoled her with pious words and these evoked, one can be sure, quite a few memories of Mont Saint-Michel; then the abbot gave lady Duguesclin the last sacraments and the rather mystical soul of the fairy lady escaped from her gentle body and flew away into eternity through the ethereal spaces in which the worlds rotate. Two days later, Geoffroy officiated pontifically at the church of Saint-Saviour in Dinan and his voice trembled, surely from emotion, when he gave the last blessing; in the end the convoy went, slowly, towards the convent of the Jacobins and the coffin disappeared soon in the dark caves of the chapel.
When he had discarded his priestly vestments, the good abbot certainly lavished consolations on the unfortunate constable. These were undoubtedly eloquent and persuasive: Duguesclin married his second wife, Jeanne de Laval, in Excellent Catholic as she was, she did not mind that several members of her family had been Huguenots and she even liked to recall that one of her great-grandmothers, who was born at the beginning of the seventeenth century, told her around Ils en furent pour leurs frais.
The monks wanted from the bishop the privilege of being able to hear confession of everybody who came to them; they started negotiations with the bishop of Avranches for that purpose and it was during these that they offered him this beautiful fish. It was in vain. So they made a pun on his name: Married to Isabeau de la Tiral who was, after his death, dame of Ducey, he had four boys and four girls. He wsa beheaded in , but the sentence of villenage against his children was never executed.
His elder son, Gabriel II, married to Suzanne de Boucquetot with whom he had five sons and a daughter, was a terrible enemy of the Mont. We know that he failed to take the abbey-fortresse by guile on the night of 29 and 30 August Any person who was vindictive, unjust, impious or cruel, was immediately likened by the people to Montgommery, so much that one ceased to distinguish between the members of the family. No difference was made between Jacques and the two Gabriels.
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The legend represented him as ceasely roaming the Normandy coast, from Coutances to Pontorson. Not a single castle that he did not visit every month; he tried to spend counterfeit money in Tombelaine; at night he traveled with a horse shod backwards to confuse those who attempted to follow him, he arrested pilgrims who were late; having become the devil himself, as soon as he was on horseback, he martyred poor priests whom he forced to say sacrilegious masses in his parishes of Chasseguay, Cormeray and de Ducey.
Rien pour les autres, tout pour lui. The division of a legal argument. It carries thus in itself the proof its mendacity. These frauds are not rare; mostly they derive from an excessive love on the part of the monks for their monastery; the older the abbey or the priory, the greater its glory; so the forgers wanted to help the descendants of the donors to regain the goods that had been given by their ancestors.
Finally in Hampshire he held from the king one hide and the tithing for the manor of Basinguestoches, today Basingtoke. Old English measure of land, the equivalent of acres, variously defined as sufficient to support a family, or as much as could be ploughed in one year. Le Mont Saint-Michel inconnu n 3: Pigeon had wanted to place the old Hotel des Monnaies. At the bottom of the hole, carved into the granite, one found two or three metal ingots. Le Mont Saint-Michel inconnu [immediately following the previous quotation]: The sign this was the name of any object of metal, jewel, figure or medal was worn attached to a beret.
Most of the images were molten in slate or Munich stone molds. The mouth of a river. It is used in geography to designate a narrow valley invaded by the sea. The Normans themselves, so proud to have on their marine land the expression was coined by the troubadour Wace the eighth wonder of the world, have long realized that the bay belongs more to the Bretons than to their own province.
A cadger, a chancer, a scoundrel. Today no more smugglers with sacks that contain more subterfuge and malice than salt, powder or tobacco. What do you have there? One says euphemistically that a man is du dernier bien with a woman to express the fact that he is her lover. It is generally believed that this is the identical bell of the Saint to which allusion is made in the ancient Irish records. Fiacc states that the Apostle of Ireland was born at Nemthur—Nemthur, as all commentators agree, is not the name of a town, but of a tower.
From the days of Julius Caesar, Portus Ictius, or the harbour of Boulogne , was the port from which the Roman troops sailed to Britain , and the harbour to which they steered on their return. The very fact that King Niall made use of this harbour when he raided Armorica in the twenty-seventh year of his reign, makes it likely that he sailed into the same harbour when first invading that country [ The association reverberates through the Wake: This was the founding act of the Swiss Confederation.
This entry is written to the right of k and m. Hart The more common meaning is noose or hanging, but it originally meant a thin branch, hence, in dialect, a whip Fr. So this could either be a linguistic note or refer to the two penalties of hanging and whipping. Cross of the fief: The Wednesday before Easter. Annales , Herpin ] [the ancient cross of the Fief, which disappeared during the Revolution. This cross used to stand, outside of the walls and in the port, in a little island of rough stones that served as a pedestal. It was a symbol of the jurisdiction of the common lordship of the Bishop and the Chapter of Saint-Malo.
The double cross is also known as the Lorraine cross. Or voici ce que je vous propose: Faire venir de tels blocs de granit de si loin! No-one today know their history; no human strength has been able to set them up; only the power of the spirit was able to raise them. So this is what I propose: No more suitable monument can be built to honour our warriors, none will last this long. Hearing Merlin speak like this, the king could not help smiling. To make such blocks of granite travel such a distance!
These stones are really mysterious.
The water that is poured by the heavens in their cavities closes wounds and gives sight to blind eyes. At their feet grow plants that have thousands of good uses. It has been like this for a long time, ever since the giants who brought these stones from deepest Africa and placed them in a circle in Ireland , just as they had been in their own country. The king gave them his brother Uter as their commander; the boats were soon ready and they were seen travelling to Ireland , their sails filled by the wind, and Merlin standing at the bow of the leading ship.
Tu quoque saepe veni, soror, o dilecta [Come you also often, sister, loved one. In he was appointed Stamp Distributor for Westmoreland. Alternatively, this and the following unit may be associated with the Wireless Broadcasting Inquiry. See the note for e. Post Master General J. Walsh was a key person in the scandal. I beg to traverse above statement JJA At last, after a little hesitation as to whether he should wear cap and gown, which I decided he should, for this time only, not , Lexilogus was ready: I thought Don Quixote had put an end to all that long ago.
For, as Demopho says of young men: Unum cognoris, omnes noris. Euphranor laughed a little; and I went on: Yes; and a handsome house withal—unless indeed you think the handsome Soul will fashion that about herself from within—like a shell—which, so far as her Top-storey, where she is supposed chiefly to reside, I think may be the case.
Miscellanies 90 [immediatly following the previous quotation]: So, by the time he had beautified her within, it was too late to re-front her Outside, which had case-hardened , I suppose. No, nor of any young Wordsworth neither under our diviner auspices. A Horn-Book gives of Ginger-bread;. And, that the Child may learn the better,. As he can name, he eats the Letter. For, as King Arthur shall bear witness, no young Edwin he, though, as a great Poet, comprehending all the [ ] softer stops of human Emotion in that Register where the Intellectual, no less than.
Something to this effect I said, though, were it but for lack of walking breath, at no so long-winded a stretch of eloquence. And so we went on, partly in jest, partly in earnest, drawing Philosophers of all kinds into the same net in which we had entangled the Poet and his Critic — How the Moralist who worked alone in his closet was apt to mismeasure Humanity, and be very angry when the cloth he cut out for him would not fit — how the best Histories were written.
They agreed with me; and we turn'd homeward. I then inquired about his own reading, which, though not much, was not utterly neglected, it seemed; and he said he had [ ] meant to ask one of us to beat something into his stupid head this summer in Yorkshire. Lexilogus, I knew, meant to stop at Cambridge all the long Vacation; but Euphranor said he should be at home, for anything he then knew, and they could talk the matter over when the time came. We then again fell to talking of our County; and among other things I asked Phidippus if his horse were Yorkshire , of old famous for its breed, as well as of Riders, and how long he had had her, and so forth.
Well, so I am fitted, — as Lycion is to be [ ] with one who can Valse through life with him. This has been written sideways in the right margin. I think I have observed they have grave, taciturn faces, especially when old, which they soon get to look. Is this from much wasting, to carry little Flesh — and large — Responsibility? Durum et durum non faciunt murum. Hard and hard i. Answer us—Whither art thou gone? Ever thou wert so still, and faint,. And fearing to be look'd upon. We cannot say that one hath died,.
Who wont to live so unespied,. But crept away unto a stiller spot,. Where men may stir the grass, and find thee not. From a text by Tristan Tzara: Affected with hypochondria, depressed. I have no very acute pain, a skeely doctor, a good nurse, kind solicitous friends, a remission of the worst pain of my desk hours—so why should I fret? The word survives chiefly in Scottish and Northern dialect.
A young man, especially a fashionable one. But nowhere was he more amiable than is some of those humbler meetings — about the fire in the keeping-room at Christmas, or under the walnut tree in summer. A sitting-room or parlour. He was content with a poem so long as it was good in the main, without minding those smaller beauties which go to make up perfection — content with a letter that told of health and goodwill, with very little other news — and content with a friend who had the average virtues and accomplishments of men, without being the faultless monster which the world never saw, but so many are half their lives looking for.
Apocryphal New Testament I will bring her unto you arrayed in this body. But [the Jews] being yet more inflamed in spirit went unto the governor, crying out and saying: The nation of the Jews is destroyed because of this woman [the Virgin Mary]: But the governor was astonied at the wonders and said unto them: I will not drive her out from Bethlehem nor from any other place.
And it came to pass after that sound that the sun and the moon appeared about the house, and an assembly of the first-begotten saints came unto the house where the mother of the Lord lay, for her honour and glory. And I saw many signs come to pass, blind receiving sight, deaf hearing, lame walking, lepers cleansed, and them that were possessed of unclean spirits healed. And every one that was under any sickness or disease came and touched the wall where she lay, and cried: Holy Mary, thou didst bear Christ our God, have mercy on us.
And forthwith they were cured. When therefore the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ for the life of the whole world hung on the tree of the cross pierced with nails, he saw standing beside the cross his mother and John the evangelist, whom he more especially loved beyond the other apostles because he alone of them was a virgin in body. Unto him therefore he committed the charge of the holy Mary, saying to him: Behold thy mother; and to her: From that hour the holy mother of God continued in the especial care of John so long as she endured the sojourn of this life.
And when the apostles had taken the world by their lots for preaching, she abode in the house of his parents beside the Mount of Olivet. And Paul came with them who was turned from the circumcision and taken with Barnabas to minister to the Gentiles. And when there arose among them a godly contention, which of them should first pray the Lord to show them the cause of their coming , and Peter exhorted Paul to pray first, Paul answered, saying: That is thine office, to begin first, since thou wast chosen of God to be a pillar of the church, and thou art before all in the apostleship: And he came near and kissed the bed, and forthwith all pain left him and his hands were made whole.
Then began he to bless God greatly and to speak out of the books of Moses testimonies unto the praise of Christ, so that even the apostles themselves marvelled and wept for gladness, praising the name of the Lord. But Peter said to him: Take this palm at the hand of our brother John, and go into the city and thou wilt find much people blinded; and declare unto them the mighty works of God, and whosoever believeth on the Lord Jesus Christ, lay this palm upon their eyes and they shall see: P asks to be 13 th judge.
All the disciples except Thomas now arrived on clouds, and greeted her. On the Sunday at the third hour Christ came down with a host of angels and took the soul of his mother. Such was the light and fragrance that all fell on their faces as at Mount Tabor and none could rise for an hour and a half. Thomas was suddenly brought to the Mount of Olives and saw the holy body being taken up, and cried out to Mary: And the girdle with which the apostles had girt the body was thrown down to him; he took it and went to the valley of Josaphat. When he had greeted the apostles, Peter said: The girdle is the great relic of Prato ; and the prominence given to this incident is another indication that we have here a mediaeval Italian composition, not earlier, I imagine, than the thirteenth century.
The commander of a thousand men. He sent a chiliarch to Bethlehem with thirty men. The Spirit told the apostles to take Mary to Jerusalem. Meanwhile the chiliarch found nothing at Bethlehem , and the priests said this was due to magic. The apostles then asked the Lord to show them the place of torment, reminding him of his promise that on the day of the departure of Mary they should see it. They were all taken on a cloud to the west. The Lord spoke to the angels of the pit, and the earth sprang upwards and they saw the pit.
Mary and the apostles fell down and interceded for them. Michael spoke to them, telling them that at all the twelve hours of the day and of the night the angels intercede for creation. The angel of the waters intercedes for the waters. Here the fragment ends. Seymour has elaborated the thesis, that this visit of the apostles to Hell was known in Ireland at an early date, and that the Irish form must be derived somehow from this Syriac text. The word that falls on the last spike indicates the quality of the person that one will marry.
Translation of «cottage» into 25 languages
Revue des Traditions Populaires This is a small construction in the middle of which there is a wooden statue of the saint. Young girls who want to marry that year come and stick a pin in the nose of the saint. During the first world war there were wooden statues of Paul von Hindenburg all over Germany and people would nail money to them for war bonds. In Hiiberno-English, a pattern is the feast-day of a patron saint. As soon as the young girl agrees, the young gallant carries her umbrella and brings it to her; he does not take her arm unless he knows her very well.
Ar Goulenadec La demande. When a young man has really decided to marry a young girl, he goes to the house where she lives, late one night, aroun d eleven, when everybody is asleep. The young man is accompanied by his father, or, when the latter is dead, by his closest relative. They knock at the door and say their names and then all the inhabitants of the house get dressed again and the door is opened for them. Without having to tell him explicitly, they make it clear that his request has not been granted.
Of a jilted lover it is often said: He was served milk soup. When the rejection has to do with a preference of either the parents or the girl for another young man, the friends of the latter like to go out at night and hang near his house or not far from it a quite visible bouquet of flowers, a piece of cloth or a newspaper, which is called garlantez garland.
The passers-by seeing the garlantez will laugh at the rejected suitor, so he will immediately take it away when he sees it; but sometimes the friends of the rival have a more durable way of making known the misadventure to the passers-by: This is called lakaat an hano to give the name. It is interesting that only married women wear these mourning robes. The meal is served on the ground between two rows of ladders.
Farces pendant le repas. At the end of dinner, a plate on which there are bones is passed round. It is covered with a napkin. Everyone will contribute; the total is announced by the holder of the plate who always doubles the amount. A Guerleskin, si une veuve se remarie, pendant toute la nuit de ses noces, les voisins lui font un charivari en frappant sur des chaudrons. If she is divorced, the noise may last up to eight nights in a row. Revue de Bretagne It is a linguistic border and thus variable: To the left, Lower Brittany , on the right, Upper Brittany.
He makes the claim with assurance, but with a vague sense of inferiority in terms of being a breton, of not having preserved the language still spoken by his brothers in Lower Brittany. Il y a encore en Haute-Bretagne quelques pardons. People in Upper-Brittany also have their own particular dances: Waltzes and mazurkas, although becoming more popular, have not yet replaced them, because they are quite dull compared to the local dances that are full of movement, danced to the accompaniment of an accordion or, most often, a singing voice.
In my father registered tales in the land of Gallo , and in the Breton speaking lands. They were a lot less costly than the caps in lace we see nowadays, they could be washed and, as a good lady of the Gallo region told me, if they needed ironing, you could just sit on them. Jakez and Jalm are Breton forms of Jacques or James. Coutumes populaires de la Haute-Bretagne , It must be built solidly. Possibly a Battenberg cake, which is an oblong cake covered with almond paste, usually in two alternating colours of sponge, so that each cross-section shows a checkerwork pattern.
Le vin, dont la couleur rappelle le sang, tachait, comme lui, le bois d'une empreinte pourpre Biscuit et bouteille de vin,. Fais que sur mon bateau ne manque jamais le pain. The newly baptized has, like the child, a godmother and godfather. Around Paimpol the priest, with the help of the sexton and the choir sings the Te Deum , while godfather and godmother engage in a strange and probably very old practice: On top of the bow the piece of wood at the front of the ship between the keel and the front mast, five holes have been made beforehand, distributed in the form of a cross, in which they place pieces of consecrated bread, and then they plug each hole with a wooden peg; the singing of the Ave Maris Stella that follows this operation christianizes it in a way, and it is at this point that all those present are given cakes with sugar that have been baked for this special occasion by the woodfather and woodmother.
One side of these cakes forms a checkerboard and each person present is given one small square cut by the woodfather. In the old days the patron of the boat then performed a real pagan sacrifice: Around this custom survived in a lesser and more symbolic and civilized form. A bottle of wine replaced the rooster and the patron hit the boat with it. The wine, the colour of which is linked to the blood, also coloured the wood with a purple shine … The patron then crossed himself and crushed a bit of bisquit in the liquid in speaking this ritual formula: Bisquit and bottle of wine,. Make that on my ship there will always be enough bread.
And that is the origin, even today, of the bottle of Champagne that is dashed against the largest ships at their official launch. In the old days, immediately after the different baptisms, the patron would go on land; his wife put a halter around his head and then took him home; he followed her obediently, like a sheep; he was not allowed to eat that night and went to bed without dinner. This is the very symbolical meaning of this strange custom; if the patron is the sovereign master on board, it is his wife who is master on land….
When the boat goes out fishing for the first time, he lets the whole fleet leave before he hoists the sails; on returning the crew buys a drink for the fisherman on board who brought the biggest catch; this first trip almost always ends with a great dinner. But if there is some damage, the ship is brought back to port and left there for eight days before it will go out a second time. But all those precautions that used to be taken in order to enhance the chances of a lucky launch have now almost all disappeared.
In any case new boats still get the Christian baptism and some of the pagan rites still exist, more or less in secret. But the habit of drinking to its health never fails to be followed …. Jun Jul I. There is not perhaps in existence a product of the human mind so extraordinary as the Irish annals. From a time dating for more than three thousand years before the birth of Christ, the stream of Hibernian history flows down uninterrupted, copious and abounding, between accurately defined banks, with here and there picturesque meanderings, here and there flowers lolling on those delusive waters, but never concealed in mists or lost in a marsh.
The opposite of limn: Romances and poems supplied the great blocks with which the fabric was reared. These the chroniclers fitted into their places, into the interstices pouring shot-rubbish , and grouting. The bardic intellect, revolving round certain material facts, namely, the mighty barrows of their ancestors, produced gradually a vast body of definite historic lore, life-like kings and heroes, real-seeming queens.
The mechanical intellect followed with perspicuous arrangement, with a thirst for accuracy, minuteness, and verisimilitude. With such quarrymen and such builders the work went on apace, and anon a fabric huge rose like an exhalation, and like an exhalation its towers and pinnacles of empurpled mist are blown asunder and dislimn. Eocha of the heavy sighs , how shall we certify or how deny the existence of that melancholy man, or of Tiernmas, who introduced the worship of fire?
Lara of the ships , did he really cross the sea to Gaul, and return thence to give her name to Leinster, and beget Leinster kings? Ugainey More, did he rule to the Torrian sea, holding sea-coast towns in fee, or was he a prehistoric shadow thrown into the past from the stalwart figure of Niall of the Hostages? Was Morann a real Brehon, or fabulous as the collar that threatened to strangle him in the utterances of unjust judgments?
He, and his successors in the office of Chief Justice wore a collar of gold, which would choke the wearer if he was about to give an unjust decision. There, too, at one time, the same phantasmagoria prevailed, real-seeming warriors thundered, kings glittered, kerds wrought, harpers harped, chariots rolled. See also g. Various evolving meanings include a walled enclosure, fortress, dwelling; a monastic enclosure; a fortified city. We see the stone cist with its great smooth flags, the rocky cairn, and huge barrow and massive walled cathair , but the interest which they invariably excite is only aroused to subside again unsatisfied.
On the plain of Tara, beside the little stream Nemna , itself famous as that which first turned a mill-wheel in Ireland , there lies a barrow, not itself very conspicuous in the midst of others, all named and illustrious in the ancient literature of the country. Slieve Mish, mountains in County Kerry. There are a number of stone forts on the Aran Islands , perhaps the most famous is Dun Aengus, on Inishmore.
The mounds of Tara, the great barrows along the shores of the Boyne, the raths of Slieve Mish , Rathcrogan, and Teltown, the stone caiseals of Aran and Innishowen, and those that alone or in smaller groups stud the country over, are all, or nearly all, mentioned in this ancient literature, with the names and traditional histories over whom they were raised.
The indigenous history of the surrounding nations commences with the Christian ages—that of Ireland runs back into the pre-Christian. It is near the well-head. Alleged Sequel to Compensation Claim. You must know them. If they have, it is foreign to me. You need not pretend to be so innocent. As an old member of the council you should know. Ring Out the Old. Market day in the town. Units c - f appear to form a group. Traditional ending of Breton fairy tale: See Revue des Traditions Populaires , Ils firent de belles noces: Saint Eutropius was a great healer.
Saint Colomban Vers 14n1: He knew Scripture completely, especially the Psalms, the wisdom literature and the New Testament; he cites saint Hieronymus Liber de Viris illustribus ; lib. Saint Colomban Vers He settled upon the second alternative, since an animal, however cruel it might be towards its victim, is doing the work of an animal and does not offend the Almighty. All of a sudden he found himself surrounded by twelve angry wolves. Without being moved he invoked help from the Almighty through the verse Deus in adjutorium meum intende, which he had already repeated frequently in the course of the psalmody.
Meanwhile the beasts approached him… their circle tightened… soon they were on him. They smelled his clothes, but, O marvel, they retreated, defeated by his fearlessness or rather by his superhuman confidence in the aid of the Almighty. This danger had hardly passed when he heard the steps and the voices of the Suevi who were wandering through the woods looking for adventure, but they did not see him at all.
Bloody curse to him! Azenor or Azenora is a saint worshipped in Brittany. She gave birth to a male child, while floating on the ocean in a barrel. Near the hamlet of Kerbanalec is an allee couverte. The holy well of Ste. Azenora the Cornish Sennara , mother of S. Budoc , is supposed to have the peculiarity of filling with milk the breasts of any man who drinks thereof.
Mothers nursing their children frequent it. It was decided to ask the Government to appoint a commission to inquire into the postal and telegraphic services in rural areas. Your pudding is cooked! A metre in Latin and Greek prosody, consisting of a dactyl followed by a spondee or trochee. And, borrowing a pun for an old proverb, he added: Leo, in Latin, signifies both lion and Leon ].
Saint Colomban Vers n2: The last word of the entry probably alludes to the variations in the date of celebration of Easter. These two probably make a single unit. The Megalithic Monuments 9: The Eolithic or split stones of the earliest period, discovered in the tertiary strata, are of very doubtful authenticity, and are the subject of much discussion. Not so the Palaeolithic, or flaked , or worked stones, of the second period, discovered at the bottom of the quaternary strata with the remains of extinct or migrated animals.
These flaked stones are divided into different types, of which the most ancient is the Chellean type, of Chelles Seine-et-Marne , having more or less the shape of an almond, dressed on its two faces, but differing very much in form, shape, and finish. The Megalithic Monuments Coincident with the deterioration of the Stone Age was the appearance of several new implements; these latter were developed during the later quaternary period with a climate cold and dry, during which the Elephas primigenius and the Rhinoceros Tichorhinus existed.
Man himself lived in caves and wore clothes made of skins, and had ornaments made especially of shells. To cut an annular groove or hole in something. Besides the implements which we have mentioned man had a good many others during the Chellean epoch, such as blades and scrapers, and, later on, saws, rakes, scrapers, double-edged and notched burins or graving tools, awls, etc. Certain of the animals which existed in our district have migrated, others have developed; some have been domesticated by man, such as the dog, the ox, the horse, the sheep, the goat ; at this epoch a new implement made its appearance—the polished axe.
Thus appears the Neolithic or New Stone Age. Earthenware also appeared, but already so perfect that the art had evidently been practiced earlier. From a hunter he becomes a shepherd and a husbandman. His implements, weapons and tools change and increase in number; the dressed flint continues, the axe, the gouge and the hammer are polished and are provided with handles. Manufactories for the working of different hard and soft rocks appear and their produce is sent into all parts. With this new industry we find certain indications of a religion in the care which is taken of the dead.
Special chambers are prepared for their bodies, and with the corpses are laid their weapons, jewels, and amulets; alongside, but in less important sepulchres, the slaves and servants are placed. In certain districts these sepulchral chambers are dug in the earth, in others they are built above ground with detached blocks of stone and then covered with earth and stone, thus forming a tumulus. The monuments being burial-places, the human bones of this period are very numerous. The races are already very much mixed; they practised trepanning , and certain indications lead us to believe that they were cannibals.
It was, to sum up, the dawn of our history. The tumulus is a mass of earth forming an artificial mound. There are two kinds of tumili: The Tumulus of St. Michel; and the circular tumulus; example: The Tumulus of Kercado. A menhir among a small group, and lying to the west of the road, is capped. The Giant of Kerderf at Carnac. The large stone blocks forming the monuments called megalithic are of the granite of the district and are doubtless erratics , i.
The Megalithic Monuments 24 [also inspired by the numerous k-sounds in the following sentence]: This last excavation having led to the discovery of a crypt containing 32 axes or stone celts, three turquoise necklaces and remains of human bones not cremated aroused considerable interest.
The objects found in these tombs are principally: Human bones, cremated and natural, sometimes in great quantities indicating collective sepulchres or ossuaries ; sometimes in very small quantities indicating individual sepulchres. Animal bones, chiefly of horses and cattle, are also found. Axes or celts generally in hard stone, occasionally in rare stone. Some of them are pierced at the heel to allow of their being suspended. Several, from centimetres long, are wonderfully perfect. They do not appear to have been used and can only have been votive axes; even at the present day our peasants consider them valuable talismans and call them Men-Gurun , or thunderbolts.
We are, moreover, led to imagine that this superstition concerning the dead became a dogma, and was handed down by uninterrupted tradition to the Romanised Gauls. They adopted the custom of consecrating their tombs to the deified spirits of the dead, whom they represented by figures in the shape of an axe under which was written the dedication: Under the axe or adze. It is equally difficult to understand why the large menhirs are always placed near a cromlech and why the menhirs themselves take an easterly direction and gradually diminish in size.
The Megalithic Monuments 31 [a legend about St. One evening he arrived on the outskirts of a village called Le Moustoir where he wished to stop; having however heard a young girl insulting her mother he continued his way and arrived shortly at the foot of a mountain where there was another small village. He then saw the sea in front of him and immediately behind him soldiers in battle array.
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He stopped and transformed the whole army into stones. He cured them all in remembrance of the great services rendered to him by his yoke of oxen during his flight. The men were supposed to bring stones, the women earth, and to drop them on an elevatioin near to Carnac where in time they formed the mount of St. The date of origin of the menhirs and dolmens is undoubtedly to be found in the Neolithic or New Stone Age, but the religious use of these stone monuments was continued long after that period, and many of them date from a time when metals were well known.
To begin with, gold is found in connection with them; other objects, such as weapons and ornaments of bronze, have also been found, and we have seen that the greater part of the objects found in the tombs were ritual and votive and were made especially to be placed there for use in the next world. Doubtless the use of metal was excluded by the religious caste which made and sold such articles. Not being able or willing to work the metals the priests of that time in this district, the centre of their religion, resisted the use of metal much longer than was the case elsewhere.
In the monuments everything—construction, orientation, contents—indicates a very advanced civilisation. We have seen that in several tumuli bones of horses and oxen have been discovered, and not far from a dolmen tombs containing what are doubtless the ashes and bones of slaves and servants have been found. It was customary for these primitive people to kill the animals, and probably the servants, of the dead so that they could be found again in another world.
This shows us that they believed in a world to come. Everything tends to prove that the worship of the dead formed a great part of their religion, and that certain ceremonies and their bargains always took place beside the tombs. South side of the Liffey, near Winetavern Street. Saint Vincent Ferrier iii: He devoted his life to this task and was thus able to publish his History of saint Vincent , four precious volumes of editions of texts. Unfortunately, the figure of master Vincent Ferrier that Father Fages had succeeded in part to bring to life, has remained little known.
Saint Vincent Ferrier iii-iv: Saint Vincent Ferrier 3 n 1: Saint Vincent Ferrier 3: Note 3 mentions that certain hagiographers report miracles accompaying this birth, but Gorce refuses to believe them. Joyce probably picks up the odd placement of the intruding footnote, as if to be born was an interesting fact of itself for a child. Saint Vincent Ferrier n 3: But the forms of piety, the mentality itself of the Spanish Christianity in the fourteenth century are those of Catholicism.
Saint Vincent Ferrier 6: Nou ne connaissons pas la fin de cette anecdote. The bishop of Valencia had noticed this on a visit. Saint Vincent Ferrier 7: Louis Gillet, Histoire artistique des ordres mendiants , p. Saint Vincent Ferrier 9: They had their own purses and when their purse was well filled, they built in the cloister their private apartments. They had their own tables and domestic servants. Saint Vincent Ferrier There he was a wonderful teacher and acquired all around a right little celebrity. And when they entered in the evening, to sing Compline, two by two, offering each other holy water, in the vast nave not very well lit with a small light, the monk students of Toulouse must have had a shudder of thrill and fear.
This theology course was public. Every educated layman could attend, but it was addressed mostly to the secular clergy. Subject to a religious rule, belonging to an order, as opposed to secular , member of the clergy living in the world. That represented a clear loss for the finances of the parishes. The parish priests of Valence had the habit of presenting the host to the sick while asking them if they believed that the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost were present in it.
That the Trinity was involved in the Eucharist seemed to Eymeric very suspect. He wrote learned treatises, reproached them vehemently. The priests continued their practice. This is when Vincent Ferrier intervened. He created a few concrete and simple rules and appeased the conflict as if playing. In fact he advised the pope and was for three years, between and , his private chaplain and director of conscience. Add to this the anarchy of ideas. This was the century of the naughty novel Renart and of Froissard, the priest without ideals who tells of his amorous adventures.
Jean Froissart c c Best known as the historian, in his Chroniques , of the Hundred Years War, he was also a distinguished poet. Renart is Reynard the Fox, as he appears in the Roman de Renart. Units j - k are probably derived from an account of Froissart. The pompous cavalry had become useless now that archers on foot were much more useful in a war than horses. Il fit tout pour le retenir. From the madness of the Normans , deliver us, Lord. Dottin Saint Patrice Together they ascended towards Jesus, son of Mary. Dottin Saint Patrice 62n4: From the side of Christ.
Anticipating the doctrine now known as that of recapitulation by the individual of the history of the race, he maintained that a Caucasian foetus represents the Negro stage, and a Caucasian infant the Mongol stage, of human evolution. The Mongol in Our Midst They are obviously devoid of the intelligence normal for their age; they are of Mongolian facies but are even more simian than Mongolian.
These children represent the Hospital type of Mongol: Others fall still more into arrears of development and are recognised ultimately as imbecile. Mondialistes contre nationalistes… Je crois que la sagesse se situe chaque fois entre les deux. Manifestation pour tous du 26 mai Par exemple en mettant en avant M. N'est pas Reagan ou Thatcher qui veut.
Le sociologue danois Nicolai Sennels aurait-il raison? Si le PIB augmente, celui par habitant diminue. Il serait plus que temps! Cela dit,si je vous ai fait passer un bon moment,vous avez bien fait de me lire. Je ne comprends pas votre commentaire, les deux ne sont pas incompatibles. Etes-vous vraiment sur de vos propos? Je vois que vous progressez.
Et si nous parlions du symbole de l'esclavage des blancs bien avant la traite des noirs Esclaves Blancs — Maitres musulmans http: Comme d'habitude, la voix de la gauche: C'est pourtant dramatiquement simple, non? C'est plus confortable entre "blancs". On sait pourtant que le taux de syndicalisation en France, y compris dans la fonction publique, est un des plus faibles d'Europe. Une baisse constante depuis Ce n'est pas le capital qui est en cause, mais son accroissement. A priori, seul celui qui cotise se voit ouvrir des droits.
Si les cotisations baissent, les droits baissent naturellement, il n'y a pas de quoi en faire une affaire. Comme si les taxes servaient la lutte contre le cancer! On augmente les taxes parce qu'il y a de moins en moins de fumeurs Certes, mais il n'est jamais trop tard pour bien faire et il faut bien commencer quelque part. On pouvait y lire les mots suivants: Personne n'est au courant du moindre regret de la part des musulmans. Nous sommes tous, en effet, responsables de notre bulletin de vote. Mais positivons et pensons qu'il n'est pas trop tard. Se rappeler de notre radinisme dans l'offre de Nous seuls devons payer..
Ils lancent des guerres contre leurs voisins et revendent les prisonniers aux marchands musulmans. Il s'ensuit un trafic de 5. Aujourd'hui encore, les habitants noirs de Zanzibar conservent un statut de quasi-esclave. Je me sens bien en tant que Blanche. Pourquoi un Noir ne se sentirait-il pas aussi bien en tant que Noir? Quel plus grand cadeau pouvaient-ils recevoir? Davis, Christian Slaves, Muslim masters. Ce qui ne fut jamais le cas des occidentaux envers leurs esclaves.
Deux "victimes" de ce raisonnement: Ce ton, ce style inimitable: Elle nous raconte les us et coutumes des habitants de cette terre lointaine. Elle donne un cours de gestion de faillite au pays le plus riche du monde. Le cancre fait la nique au premier de classe: On se trompe, notamment, sur sa cause. Incapable de se remettre en question. Et pendant ce temps, elle coule.
Cette tribune est parue dans le journal suisse Le Matin. La faute aux Allemands et aux Chinois qui produisent mieux pour les premiers et moins cher pour les seconds. Vous, mais aussi vos enfants et vos petits-enfants. En , soit dans quatre ans.
Bloc-notes : les Français s'éloignent de l'Etat-mamma - Liberté d'expression
Fillon voit grand, ou il se prend pour Nostradamus. Il est grand temps qu'on le remarque! Alors, il s'agite et fait du bruit. Il n'y manque que les sionistes, ploutocrates et Martiens de Tim Burton. Vraiment, les mots n'ont plus aucun sens ni aucune valeur aujourd'hui. Dormez tranquille braves gens! Je trouve ce cordon sanitaire absurde, de refuser une alliance pour battre la gauche, alors que les alliances entre le PS et le Front de gauche, personne n'en parle. Travaillons, prenons de la peine.. Il ne nous reste que la peau sur les os mais ils veulent encore notre peau.
Quid de cette solution? Il n'en a pas le pouvoir.
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Je veux bien chanter cocorico, mais il faudrait qu'on me donne une raison de le faire. Julia Roberts a de beaux jours devant elle De l'autre le peuple catholique. Mais ce n'est pas pour le peuple: Mais, honni soit qui mal y pense. Est-il certain que nous ayons si peu de pouvoir de changer la donne avant ? Car en ce qui concerne l'administration de la ville, on fera difficilement pire que Gaudin, je suis bien d'accord avec vous.
Vous trouvez que je progresse? Je me demande juste ce qu'il lui sera possible de faire contre l'islamisation de la ville, par exemple. Et surtout pas les Africains et encore moins les musulmans. Et ils y restent. Eux ils aimeraient dominer, parce que hallallah l'exige. Qu'avez vous contre "Les Cotelettes"? Philippe Noiret et Michel Bouquet. Tiens, vous me donnez envie de le revoir. Demain, je me repasse le film. On se garde bien de l'inclure dans les programmes scolaires.. Ou bien ils comprendront qu'il regrette que M. Paul Warburg, et alii, artisans de ce que E. Bien entendu, il faut limiter les abus, les condamner.
Mais qui sinon l'Etat peut le faire? Il va pourtant faire du bruit. Pour se retrouver soit aux Invalides, soit au Champ-de-Mars. Nous, on ne fait que notre boulot: Mais la notre est en marche Il suffit de lire les rares informations sur le sujet et d'un peu de bon sens pour comprendre que ce moment n'est pas loin.
Ne pas oublier J. Delors dans le lot et Alors, il est bien possible que Charles X ait voulu faire d'une pierre 2 coup. C'est une plaisanterie sans doute. Oui, autant pour moi. Mais vous allez certainement nous expliquer cela. Vous voyez, les temps changent. Cela va sans doute vous choquer, mais d'abord pour des raisons fiscales. Ou alors plus loin, au Canada, en Australie. En Afrique, pourquoi pas? C'est sans doute un peu vrai.
La femme politique Taubira,quelle insolence! A ma gauche le 'progressisme' avec au programme: Je suis martiniquaise et descendante d'esclaves et je voudrai savoir juste une chose: Sarkozy venait de quitter ses culottes courtes C'est pas un mur qu'il nous faudrait,mais la muraille de Chine. Chez nous,il vaut mieux mettre en danger la vie de nos concitoyens que de voir la vie d'un assassin en danger.
La constatation toute simple et de bon sens est la suivante: Pour notre plus grand malheur. Manzoni a fait parler de lui en proposant de la merde en pots. Cinquante ans plus tard, soyons modernes et fi des petits bras, il faut faire plus provoquant: Devons nous pour autant culpabiliser ou punir les descendants pour l'attitude de leurs grands-parents? On ne peut les ignorer.
Ce ne sont pas des abstentionnistes. On finira bien par la leur donner cette terre Autrement, c'est une infamie Ce sont des franquiiiiiiistes. Tiens, si on allait mettre un peu le nez dans les magnifiques actions de la gauche en Espagne??? Si vous voulez en savoir plus, regardez ce mot sur internet. Je n'avais aucun doute sur les raisons qui vous on font fait aimer Avatar ni votre engouement pour les "Cotelletes". Chacun sa route, chacun son chemin. La peste rouge, le pendant de la peste brune Nous avons tout en ce moment devant les yeux Choisir son camp en connaissance de cause Nous avons vu ce que ce pays est devenu.
Ce n'est pas un jugement de valeur. Le cas Lies Hebbadj avec ses 4 femmes et 14 enfants et trois enfants de plus depuis l'affaire! Cher Monsieur Marlan, je vous en dis N'est-ce pas fort, hein? Non, ce n'est pas si fort, c'est juste du nombrilisme et du formatage, du retournement et de l'absence d'empathie. Et qui plus est, il avait eu le culot d'en revenir! La pauvre princesse palatine n'a pas beaucoup vu son mari Mais gare si vous osez simplement signaler le moindre fait de son bord. Mais c'est fait,c'est fait! Mais votre rancune remonte sans doute plus loin..? Il n'y a pas si longtemps.
Vous voudrez bien le noter. Deux mille ans de Gloire On y voit plein de bons sauvages Mayas pratiquer le sacrifice humain. De mieux en mieux …! Cette Madame Taubira ne doute vraiment de rien! Madame Taubira et M. Car il ne faut pas s'y tromper, le socialisme est une religion qui parodie la religion catholique apostolique et romaine. Voulez vous vraiment vivre dans le monde de ?
Les Protestants et les Orthodoxes? Je me contenterai donc d'une seule remarque: Et vous dites que ces films ne sont que des divertissements! Cet instinct de survie en tant que groupe, on peut se demander si les blancs en europe l'ont encore. Cher Genefou j'entends bien vos arguments, cependant notre mur des cons en ligne est bien entendu humoristique! Par les urnes, on n'y arrivera pas. Nous semblons d'accord sur ce point. Il fallait lui faire payer le film d'avant!!! Je ne reprends que cette phrase en ajoutant la messe des Rameaux car j'aime bien avoir ma branche de buis, tradition et souvenir d'enfance.
Les sectes protestantes s'implantent elles aussi. Que cela ne vous convienne pas, tant pis. Non,mais attendez,vous me parlez de tout autre chose! Cette disparition de l'objet du scandale est-elle licite? Elle ne pourrait au mieux que faire l'objet d'une infraction. Parigoth 13 mai 12h14 Lu je sais plus trop ou Sinon "coucouche panier" est attend le conflit Elle bouffonne, elle grenouille. Elle exclut un de ses partisans qui a l'intelligence de s'allier au FN pour battre la gauche aux municipales.
Non seulement la droite n'a pas de chef, mais les lieutenants s'entre-torpillent. Et toute la bande rit! Depuis quasiment la naissance de ce blog , Fradet invective les catholiques. Quant au sens de l'histoire et l'expansion des civilisations, je suis d'accord avec vous. Pas plus que je ne suis anticapitaliste. Ils encaissent alors des centaines de millions avec lesquels ils peuvent vivre en gras capitalistes sur le dos des coupables que nous sommes. J'ai vu deux films, Lebanon et Danse avec Bachir. Mais "il ne semble pas".. Et pas pendant sa jeunesse. Il est plus que temps de se lever N'attendez pas que la gauche le fasse!
Dupont-Aignan, mais vous agissez bien peu. Prenez exemple sur les initiateurs du mouvement La Manif pour Topus! Que pouvait-il dire d'autre? Officiellement, les Roms sont Ce qui peut prendre des mois. Je pense que vous feriez un excellent dialoguiste de films d'humour noir Je me gondole souvent en vous lisant. Pauvre France, pauvre paradis perdu. Au nom de quoi qualifiez-vous la France de "petit hexagone"? Non, ce qui compte c'est le PIB! Le faible il a pas voix au chapitre, il ne fait qu'une chose: Fallait pas trop dire les choses. Ben moi je vous le dis pas en catimini mais en face: Encore faut-il que les gens soient d'accord… et c'est mal parti.
Cherchez-le, vous le trouverez pas. Au nom du grand PIB? Les citoyens suisses peuvent proposer une legislation qui leur est propre, en mettant en avant ce qui est connu comme une initiative, ou ils peuvent contrecarrer la legislation deja approuvee par le Parlement, en appelant un referendum.